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Ogdensburg is a city in St. Lawrence County, New Yorkmarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 12,364 at the 2000 census. The name is derived from land owner and developer Samuel Ogden.

The City of Ogdensburg is at the north border of New York, on the south bank of the St. Lawrence Rivermarker. It is the only city located in Saint Lawrence County.

The Port of Ogdensburg is the only U.S.marker port on the St. Lawrence Seaway. Ogdensburg International Airportmarker is located south of the city. The Ogdensburg-Prescott International Bridgemarker, northeast of the city, links the United Statesmarker and Canadamarker.

History

The earliest European settlement was a mission built by Abbé Picquet in 1749. It was built near the mouth of the Fleuve Oswegache (French spelling) and named Fort de La Présentation and quickly became a thriving native village. It lies near the site of the Battle of the Thousand Islands between the British and French in 1760. After the British victory, the fort was renamed Fort Oswegatchie and remained in British hands until 1796.

The first settlement under an American flag began that year and the area took the name Ogdensburgh after Samuel Ogden. The community developed around this early settlement and was the county seat from 1802 to 1828. During the War of 1812, the city was captured by British forces (see: Battle of Ogdensburg) to end the partial blockade and harassment conducted from the community. Local merchants used the absence of American troops to conduct extensive trade with Canadamarker.

The community was incorporated as a village in 1817 and, unlike Plattsburghmarker, removed the "h" in the spelling of its name. The locale became the City of Ogdensburg in 1868.

It was the site of the 1940 signing of the Ogdensburg Agreement between Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King and United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Ogdensburg was important in the development of railroads in the northern New York, southeastern Canada area; the Ogdensburg and Lake Champlain Railroad (1849), Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg Railroad (1853) and Portland and Ogdensburg Railway (never completed) all involved lines through the area.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,364 people, 4,181 households, and 2,583 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,440.0 people per square mile (941.6/km²). There were 4,531 housing units at an average density of 894.2/sq mi (345.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.05% White, 9.92% African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.81% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.22% of the population.

There were 4,181 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 35.3% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 127.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 134.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,954, and the median income for a family was $36,236. Males had a median income of $32,358 versus $21,485 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,650. About 14.2% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.3% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Ogdensburg is home to the Ogdensburg Free Academy Blue Devils.

Resources

Ogdensburg is home to the St. Lawrence Psychiatric Center, a mental health service provider offering both inpatient and outpatient services. The SLPC is part of the New York State Office of Mental Health (OMH) and serves the general public.

Two private educational institutions, now closed, were formerly located in Ogdensburg. After Mater Dei College closed, its campus was occupied from 2001 to 2009 by Academy at Ivy Ridgemarker, a privately operated boarding school enrolling teenagers with behavioral issues.

Ogdensburg is also home to two correctional facilities, Riverviewmarker and Ogdensburgmarker Correctional Facilities. Both are run by the New York State Department of Correctional Services. One is located on the former grounds of the St. Lawrence Psychiatric Center and the other is directly across state highway 37.

The city is also the home of the Frederic Remington Art Museummarker. The museum is housed in the former family mansion of the family of local industrialist David Parish on Washington Street in downtown Ogdensburg. While it was always known as the Parish family mansion, Remington's wife Eva did reside there after the artist's death. The collection of Remington art and memorabilia was started with items from the estates of Eva Remington and her sister Emma.

Events

The last full week in July every year the Ogdensburg International Seaway Festival is held. Among the events of the week are the Remington Canoe Race, a local Battle of the High School Bands competition, craft shows, a classic car show, and many other events. The festival ends with a fireworks show on Friday night and a parade on Saturday morning.

Famous former residents

Jimmy Howard, NHL goalie for the Detroit Red Wings.

Mark Valley, is an Americanmarker Actor, probably best known for his role as Brad Chase on the TV drama Boston Legal.

Frederic Remington, was an American artist most famously known for his painting, "The Charge of the Rough Riders", depicting the Battle of San Juan Hill during the Spanish-American War.

References

  1. St. Lawrence Psychiatric Center website


External links




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