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Old Saxon: Map


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Old Saxon, also known as Old Low German, is the earliest recorded form of Low German, documented from the 8th century until the 12th century, when it evolved into Middle Low German. It was spoken on the north-west coast of Germany and in Denmarkmarker by Saxon peoples. It is close enough to Old Anglo-Frisian (Old Frisian, Old English) that it partially participates in the Ingvaeonic nasal spirant law; it is also closely related to Old Low Franconian ("Old Dutch"). It is separated from Old High German by the High German consonant shift.

Only a few texts survive, predominantly in baptismal vows the Saxons were required to perform at the behest of Charlemagne. The only literary text preserved is Heliand.

  • Heliand
  • Genesis fragment
  • Trierer Blutsegen
  • Wurmsegen
  • Spurihalz
  • Old Saxon baptismal vow
  • Psalms commentary
  • Penitentiary
  • Beda homily
  • Credo
  • Essener Heberegister


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