Ondangua), is a town in the Oshana Region of northern Namibia, bordering
means "the end of the Ondonga area" (Ondonga is one of the kingdoms
). Located about 80 km
from the Angolan border,
Ondangwa is situated along the B1.
It is one of the places
of residence of the Kings of Ondonga. (currently King Eliphas
Kauluma, father to the reigning king lives here). Most of the
residents of the town speak Oshindonga
The landscape is flat, monotonous and dotted with settlements.
trees turn up occasionally between the
fields and the kraals
and one can also find
palm trees here (symbol of the
Ovambo area). After heavy rains in the region, many little lakes
and ponds form. The water comes from the Cuvelai River reaching from the north to the
Ondangwa is the district capital of the Ondangwa electoral constituency
Before the Apartheid era
In 1870, Onandjokwe
, near Ondangwa, was
the site of the first Christian (Finnish Lutheran) mission in
was set up by Finnish
In the sixties and seventies, Ovamboland became the scene of severe
fighting between SWAPO and the South African army. The Ovambo bore
the brunt of Namibia's independence struggle and thousands of lives
During Namibian War of
, Ondangwa was a major theatre of fighting between
the rebel movement South West Africa
(SWAPO) and the South African Defence Force
Economy and Development
Ondangwa features a shopping centre, a large open market, and
several tourism facilities.
authorities for the Oshana and Oshikoto regions are placed in the town, e.g. the
Ministry of Education and police. The hospital is placed
in the nearby town Oniipa.
Ondangwa remains an important transit point for Owambo contract
workers going to or coming from the copper- and lead-mining town of
Tsumeb, 170 miles (274 km) southeast. Moreover there is a 53
Battalion HQ at Ondangwa, just before the Ondangwa Airforce Base on
the main Oshakati road in Sector 10.There are several schools in
the town, among them Andimba
Toivo ya Toivo
Senior Secondary School. Some schools extend
farthest from the town - for instance Ekulo Senior Secondary
School. The most well-known football team is KK Palace
Since independence, the government has settled up an industry in
the north, to create jobs and improve the poor infrastructure.
are the three
vocational skills schools training young people in building
maintenance, sewing, cooking, and Internet Technology.
planning started on a railway line to link Tsumeb with Ondangwa,
with extensions to Angola planned to
The rail line had its first official service on
passenger train Omugulugwombashe
Star traveled once a week back and forth between Windhoek and Ondangwa
before it broke down due to climatic conditions.
shares an airport with Oshakati.
is linked to Oshakati and Oshikango by a tarred road.
Rental car services are
also available for tourists. Residents and car owners cars are
often extra cautious and careful ,mostly when crossing and driving
in the town, because livestock permission in town are not strictly
regulated by the government therefore cattle and goats roam around
especially at night.
- Ondangwa at brittanica.com