Oneida County is a county located in the U.S.
state of New
As of the 2000 census
, the population was
235,469. The county seat is
name is in honor of the Oneida
, an Iroquoian
tribe that formerly occupied the
Oneida County is part of the Utica-Rome, NY Metropolitan
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the
present Oneida County was part of Albany County
. This was an enormous
county, including the northern part of New York State as well as
all of the present state of Vermont and, in
theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean.
This county was reduced in size on July 3,
1766 by the creation of Cumberland County
, and further
on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County
containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into
three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the
other pieces, Tryon County
contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary
was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific).
eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west
of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the
Adirondack Mountains and the
area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River.
The area then
designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York
State. The county was named for William
, colonial governor of New York.
after the Revolution, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to
Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that
ended the American
Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to
County to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured
several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of
Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British
the size of Montgomery County was reduced by the splitting off of
County from Montgomery. The actual area split
off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county,
also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.
1791, Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery
(the other two being Otsego, and Tioga County).
This was much larger than the present
county, however, and was reduced by a number of subsequent
Herkimer County was reduced in size by the splitting off of
County. This county was larger than the current
Onondaga County, including the present Cayuga, Cortland, and part of Oswego Counties.
In 1798, Oneida County was created from a part of Herkimer County.
county was larger than the current Oneida County, including the
present Jefferson, Lewis, and part of Oswego Counties.
1805, Jefferson and Lewis Counties were split off from Oneida.
parts of Oneida and Onondaga Counties were taken to form the new
founded a religious and Utopian
community, the Oneida Community
, near Oneida. Its
unconventional views on religion
relations between the sexes
led to much
controversy. The community lasted until 1881.
County is in the central portion of New York State, east of
Syracuse, and west of Albany. Oneida Lake is on the northwestern corner of the county, and
the Adirondack Park is on the
Part of the Tug Hill
is in the northern part of the county. Interestingly,
Oneida County's highest point does lies neither on the plateau nor
in the Adirondack Park, but in the county's southern extremity. The
peak's name is Tassel Hill. It is located slightly southeast of
Hardscrabble Road (Tassel Hill Road), between the villages of
Waterville and Cassville.
The Erie Canal
bisects the county.
Oneida Lake and Oneida Creek form
part of the western boundary.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total
area of 1,257 square miles (3,256 kmÂ²), of which,
1,213 square miles (3,141 kmÂ²) of it is land and
44 square miles (115 kmÂ²) of it (3.53%) is water.
National protected area
main product of Oneida County was silverware, chiefly manufactured
at Oneida Ltd.'s headquarters in Sherrill.
In January 2005, the company ceased
manufacturing their product, closing its main plant and selling its
Currently the largest non-governmental, non-healthcare product of
Oneida County is gambling. Turning Stone Casino Resort is an
enterprise of the Oneida Indian Nation of New York, and the largest
private employer in Oneida County.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 235,469
people, 90,496 households, and 59,184 families residing in the
county. The population density
was 194 people per square mile (75/kmÂ²). There were 102,803 housing
units at an average density of 85 per square mile (33/kmÂ²).
The racial makeup of the county was 90.21% White
, 5.74% African American
, 0.02% Pacific Islander
, 1.11% from
, and 1.52%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 3.20% of the
population. 21.7% were of Italian, 13.1% Irish, 12.1% German,
9.9% Polish, 8.5% English and 5.6% American ancestry according to Census
90.6% spoke English
, 2.7% Spanish
, 1.3% Italian
, 1.2% Serbo-Croatian
and 1.1% Polish
as their first language.
There were 90,496 households out of which 30.40% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 49.10% were married couples
living together, 12.00% had a
female householder with no husband present, and 34.60% were
non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals
and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or
older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family
size was 3.02.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.90% under the
age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from
45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median
age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,909, and
the median income for a family was $45,341. Males had a median
income of $32,194 versus $24,295 for females. The per capita income
for the county was
$18,516. About 9.80% of families and 13.00% of the population were
below the poverty line
18.90% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or
Government and politics
Oneida County was governed by a board of supervisors until 1962,
when the county charter was changed to create a county executive
and a 29-seat county
legislature. All 29 members of the legislature are elected from
single member districts. The county executive is elected by the
Oneida County Executives
|Charles T. Lanigan
||January 1, 1963 â€“ December 31, 1966
|Harry S. Daniels
||January 1, 1967 â€“ December 31, 1967 (interim)
January 1, 1968 â€“ December 31, 1973
|William E. Bryant
||January 1, 1974 â€“ April 21, 1979
||April 22, 1979 â€“ May 2, 1979 (acting)
||May 3, 1979 â€“ June, 1979 (interim)
||June 1979 â€“ December 31, 1979 (interim)
|Sherwood L. Boehlert
||January 1, 1980 â€“ December 31, 1982
|John D. Plumley
||January 1, 1983 â€“ January 13, 1991
|Raymond A. Meier
||January 14, 1991 â€“ December 31, 1991 (interim)
January 1, 1992 â€“ December 31, 1996
|Ralph J. Eannace, Jr.
||January 1, 1997 â€“ May, 2003
|Joseph A. Griffo
||May, 2003 â€“ December 31, 2003 (interim)
January 1, 2004 â€“ December 31, 2006
|Anthony J. Picente, Jr.
||January 1, 2007 â€“ present
Cities, Towns, and Villages
- => designations in parentheses show official level of
Oneida County in Central New York witnessed the development of one
of the largest and certainly the most influential Welsh community
in the United States. Suffering from poor harvests in 1789 and 1802
and dreaming of land ownership, the initial settlement of five
Welsh families soon attracted other agricultural migrants, settling
Stueben, Utica and Remsen townships. Adapting their traditional
agricultural methods, the Welsh became the first to introduce
dairying into the region and Welsh butter became a valued commodity
on the New York market. Drawing on the size of the local ethnic
community and the printing industry of Utica, Oneida County became
the cultural center of Welsh-American life by 1830. The
Welsh-American publishing industry included 19 different publishers
who published 240 Welsh language imprints, 4 denominational
periodicals and the influential newspaper Y