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The Orange Bowl is an annual Americanmarker college football bowl game played at LandShark Stadiummarker just outside Miamimarker, Floridamarker. Its current full name is the FedEx Orange Bowl; FedEx has sponsored the event since 1989. The Orange Bowl has been played annually since 1935. The Orange Bowl is the fourth-oldest bowl game in the country, behind the Rose Bowlmarker (first played 1902, played annually since 1916), the Sun Bowl, and the Sugar Bowl (played annually since 1934). The Orange Bowl is also a member of the Bowl Championship Series.

The Orange Bowl hosted the BCS National Championship Game in 2001 and 2005. However, since the 2006 season, the BCS National Championship Game has been a stand-alone event, hosted by the local bowl organization one week following the New Year's Day bowl games (including the Orange Bowl). In other words, under the current BCS format, the Orange Bowl Committee hosted two games in 2009: the 2009 Orange Bowl on January 1 and the 2009 BCS National Championship Game on January 8, both at LandShark Stadium.

Since 2007 the Orange Bowl has been host to the Atlantic Coast Conference champion unless they are involved in the national championship game and has used the brand Home of the ACC Champion.

The 2009 match up was between the Big East Conference Champion, the Cincinnati Bearcats and the ACC Conference Champion, the Virginia Tech Hokies.

History

The game was played at Miami Field (located where Miami Orange Bowl was later built) from 1935 to 1937, the Miami Orange Bowlmarker from 1938 to 1996 and 1999, and was moved to its current site, LandShark Stadiummarker in Miami Gardens, Floridamarker, in December 1996. The corporate title sponsor has been FedEx (formerly Federal Express) since 1989 and the official title of the game is the FedEx Orange Bowl. The game was moved back to the namesake stadium in 1999 (which would be the final game ever in the Miami Orange Bowl) because the game was played on the same day the Miami Dolphins hosted an NFL Wild Card Playoff game. Coincidentally, both of those games were aired on ABC.

From 1968, the game usually featured the champion of the former Big Eight Conference (whose members formed the basis of the current Big 12 Conference). Since 1998, however, with the creation of the Bowl Championship Series system, team selection for the Orange Bowl is now tied into the other three BCS Bowls. From 1998-2005, the game hosted the champion of either the ACC or Big East conferences, unless they were invited to the National Championship game. Starting with the 2006 season, the Orange Bowl has been exclusively tied with the ACC and has used the brand Home of the ACC Champion. As one of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) bowl games (the others being the Sugar, Fiesta, and Rose Bowlmarker), the Orange Bowl also hosts the national championship game once every four years under the BCS system (as it did on January 4, 2005).

As of the 2006–07 season, the BCS will air primarily on Fox while only the Rose Bowlmarker will continue to be shown on ABC. Fox will continue to air 4 BCS Bowl Games (Orange Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, Sugar Bowl and the BCS National Championship Game) through the 2009–2010 season, with the exception of that season's BCSNCG, which will be on ABC as it is being played at the Rose Bowl. Starting with the 2010-2011 season, ESPN will start airing the games, out bidding Fox for the rights to the games. ABC aired the game the previous eight years, with CBS (1995–1998) and NBC (1964–1994) previously carrying the game. The most recent Orange Bowl, played at LandShark Stadium on January 1, 2009, featured ACC Champion Virginia Tech and Big East Champion Cincinnati. Virginia Tech won the game by a score of 20 to 7.

Game results

+ - Denotes Bowl Coalition Championship game

^ - Denotes Bowl Alliance Championship game

* Denotes BCS National Championship Game

~ Game played at Miami Orange Bowlmarker due to scheduling conflict with NFL playoff game

† Denotes overtime(s)

Date played Winning team Losing team Notes
January 1, 1935 26 0 notes
January 1, 1936 20 19 notes
January 1, 1937 13 12 notes
January 1, 1938 6 0 notes
January 2, 1939 Tennessee 17 Oklahoma 0 notes
January 1, 1940 21 7 notes
January 1, 1941 14 7 notes
January 1, 1942 Georgia 40 26 notes
January 1, 1943 37 21 notes
January 1, 1944 19 Texas A&M 14 notes
January 1, 1945 26 12 notes
January 1, 1946 13 6 notes
January 1, 1947 8 0 notes
January 1, 1948 20 14 notes
January 1, 1949 Texas 41 Georgia 28 notes
January 2, 1950 21 13 notes
January 1, 1951 15 14 notes
January 1, 1952 17 14 notes
January 1, 1953 Alabama 61 6 notes
January 1, 1954 7 Maryland 0 notes
January 1, 1955 34 7 notes
January 2, 1956 Oklahoma 20 Maryland 6 notes
January 1, 1957 27 21 notes
January 1, 1958 48 21 notes
January 1, 1959 21 6 notes
January 1, 1960 Georgia 14 0 notes
January 2, 1961 Missouri 21 Navy 14 notes
January 1, 1962 25 7 notes
January 1, 1963 Alabama 17 0 notes
January 1, 1964 Nebraska 13 7 notes
January 1, 1965 Texas 21 Alabama 17 notes
January 1, 1966 Alabama 39 28 notes
January 2, 1967 Florida 27 12 notes
January 1, 1968 26 Tennessee 24 notes
January 1, 1969 Penn State 15 14 notes
January 1, 1970 Penn State 10 3 notes
January 1, 1971 Nebraska 17 12 notes
January 1, 1972 Nebraska 38 Alabama 6 notes
January 1, 1973 Nebraska 40 6 notes
January 1, 1974 Penn State 16 9 notes
January 1, 1975 13 Alabama 11 notes
January 1, 1976 Oklahoma 14 Michigan 6 notes
January 1, 1977 Ohio State 27 10 notes
January 2, 1978 Arkansas 31 Oklahoma 6 notes
January 1, 1979 Oklahoma 31 Nebraska 24 notes
January 1, 1980 Oklahoma 24 7 notes
January 1, 1981 18 17 notes
January 1, 1982 Clemson 22 Nebraska 15 notes
January 1, 1983 Nebraska 21 20 notes
January 2, 1984 Miami 31 Nebraska 30 notes
January 1, 1985 28 17 notes
January 1, 1986 Oklahoma 25 Penn State 10 notes
January 1, 1987 Oklahoma 42 Arkansas 8 notes
January 1, 1988 Miami 20 14 notes
January 2, 1989 Miami 23 Nebraska 3 notes
January 1, 1990 Notre Dame 21 6 notes
January 1, 1991 Colorado 10 Notre Dame 9 notes
January 1, 1992 Miami 22 Nebraska 0 notes
January 1, 1993 Florida State 27 Nebraska 14 notes
January 1, 1994+ Florida State 18 Nebraska 16 notes
January 1, 1995+ Nebraska 24 Miami 17 notes
January 1, 1996 31 Notre Dame 26 notes
December 31, 1996 Nebraska 41 21 notes
January 2, 1998^ Nebraska 42 Tennessee 17 notes
January 2, 1999~ Florida 31 10 notes
January 1, 2000 Michigan 35 Alabama 34 notes
January 3, 2001* Oklahoma 13 Florida State 2 notes

January 2, 2002 Florida 56 Maryland 23 notes
January 2, 2003 USC 38 Iowa 17 notes
January 1, 2004 16 14 notes
January 4, 2005* USC 55 Oklahoma 19 notes
January 3, 2006††† Penn State 26 Florida State 23 notes
January 2, 2007 Louisville 24 Wake Forest 13 notes
January 3, 2008 Kansas 24 Virginia Tech 21 notes
January 1, 2009 Virginia Tech 20 Cincinnati 7 notes


MVPs

Year played MVP Team Position
1942 Bruce Alford Sr. TCU End
1965 Joe Namath Alabama QB
1966 Steve Sloan Alabama QB
1967 Larry Smith Florida TB
1968 Bob Warmack Oklahoma QB
1969 Donnie Shanklin Kansas HB
1970 Chuck Burkhart Penn State QB
Mike Reid Penn State DT
1971 Jerry Tagge Nebraska QB
Willie Harper Nebraska DE
1972 Jerry Tagge Nebraska QB
Rich Glover Nebraska DG
1973 Johnny Rodgers Nebraska WB
Rich Glover Nebraska DG
1974 Tom Shuman Penn State QB
Randy Crowder Penn State DT
1975 Wayne Bullock Notre Dame FB
Leroy Cook Alabama DE
1976 Steve Davis Oklahoma QB
Lee Roy Selmon Oklahoma DT
1977 Rod Gerald Ohio State QB
Tom Cousineau Ohio State LB
1978 Roland Sales Arkansas RB
Reggie Freeman Arkansas NG
1979 Billy Sims Oklahoma RB
Reggie Kinlaw Oklahoma NG
1980 J. C. Watts Oklahoma QB
Bud Hebert Oklahoma FS
1981 J. C. Watts Oklahoma QB
Jarvis Coursey Florida State DE
1982 Homer Jordan Clemson QB
Jeff Davis Clemson LB
1983 Turner Gill Nebraska QB
Dave Rimington Nebraska C
1984 Bernie Kosar Miami (Fla.) QB
Jack Fernandez Miami (Fla.) LB
1985 Jacque Robinson Washington TB
Ron Holmes Washington DT
1986 Sonny Brown Oklahoma DB
Tim Lasher Oklahoma K
1987 Spencer Tillman Oklahoma HB
Dante Jones Oklahoma LB
1988 Bernard Clark Miami (Fla.) LB
Darrell Reed Oklahoma DE
1989 Steve Walsh Miami (Fla.) QB
Charles Fryer Nebraska CB
1990 Raghib Ismail Notre Dame WR
Darian Hagan Colorado QB
1991 Charles S. Johnson Colorado QB
Chris Zorich Notre Dame NG
1992 Larry Jones Miami (Fla.) RB
Tyrone Leggette Nebraska CB
1993 Charlie Ward Florida State QB
Corey Dixon Nebraska SE
1994 Charlie Ward Florida State QB
Tommie Frazier Nebraska QB
1995 Tommie Frazier Nebraska QB
Chris T. Jones Miami (Fla.) WR
1996 Andre Cooper Florida State WR
Derrick Mayes Notre Dame WR
1997 Damon Benning Nebraska RB
Ken Oxendine Virginia Tech RB
1998 Ahman Green Nebraska RB
1999 Travis Taylor Florida WR
2000 David Terrell Michigan WR
2001 Torrance Marshall Oklahoma LB
2002 Taylor Jacobs Florida WR
2003 Carson Palmer USC QB
2004 Jarrett Payton Miami (Fla.) RB
2005 Matt Leinart USC QB
2006 Willie Reid FSU WR
2007 Brian Brohm Louisville QB
2008 Aqib Talib Kansas CB
2009 Darren Evans Virginia Tech RB


Palm Festival Game

In 1932, George E. Hussey, official greeter of Miami, organized the first Palm Festival Game, predecessor of the Orange Bowl. With Miami suffering from both the Great Depression and the preceding Florida land bust, Hussey and other Miamians sought to help its economy by organizing a game similar to Pasadena's Rose Bowlmarker.

Two games were played in this series at Moore Park in Miami, both pitting an invited opponent against a local team, the University of Miamimarker. In the first game, played on January 2, 1933, Miami defeated Manhattan Collegemarker 7–0. In the second game, played on New Year's Day 1934, Duquesnemarker defeated Miami 33–7.

These games are not recognized as bowl games by the NCAA because one team was guaranteed a berth regardless of record. However, following the success of these games, backers organized another game for New Year's Day 1935 under the Orange Bowl name. This game, unlike the Palm Festival Games, did not automatically grant a berth to one team, although the University of Miami was again a participant. For this reason, the 1935 Orange Bowl was later recognized by the NCAA as an official bowl game.

Broadcasting

Fox is the current television network for the Orange Bowl game, having had the rights to the event (along with the other BCS bowls) since 2007. Prior to that, the game was televised by ABC (1999-2006 and 1962-64), CBS (1996-98 and 1953-61), and NBC (1965-95). ESPN will televise the Orange Bowl game from 2011-2014, as part of the cable network's new $500 million broadcast deal with the BCS. This game, along with the Fiesta Bowl, is one of only two bowl games ever to air on all the "big 4" broadcast television networks in the United States.

The game is also broadcast nationally by ESPN Radio.

See also



References

  1. History of the Orange Bowl
  2. Fox pulls out of bidding for next round of BCS games, ESPN.com
  3. Ours, Robert (2004). Bowl Games: College Football's Greatest Tradition, pg. 28


External links




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