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Orange County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indianamarker. As of 2000, the population was 19,306. The county seat is Paolimarker .

Government

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, the collection of revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to terms of four years. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serve terms of four years and oversee different parts of the county government. Members elected to any county government position are required to declare a party affiliation and be a resident of the county.Orange County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Democrat Baron Hill.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 408 square miles (1,057 km²), of which 400 square miles (1,035 km²) is land and 9 square miles (22 km²) (2.13%) is water.

Adjacent counties



Major highways



National protected area



History

Orange County was formed from parts of Knox, Gibson and Washington Counties in 1816. The County Seat is at Paolimarker.

The early settlers were mostly Quakers fleeing the institution of slavery in Orange Countymarker, North Carolinamarker. Jonathan Lindley brought his group of Quakers from North Carolinamarker to the area in 1811. Under Lindley’s leadership, they were the first to build a religious structure, the Lick Creek Meeting House in 1813. It was from this group that Orange County got its name.[14457]

(See List of Indiana county name etymologies). The name Orange derives from the Dutch Protestant House of Orange, which acquired the English throne with the accession of King William III in 1689, following the Glorious Revolution.

In the early 1800s when the Quakers came from North Carolina to settle in Orange County, Indiana, they came to escape slavery. They brought with them a number of freed slaves. These free men were deeded of land in the heart of a dense forest. Word of mouth soon spread the news, and this land became part of the "underground railroad" for runaway slaves.

For many years, the freed slaves in this area farmed, traded, and sold their labor to others while living in this settlement. A church was built and a cemetery was provided for their loved ones.

All that remains today is the cemetery. Some of the stones were broken or vandalized over the years. Several years ago, a troop of Boy Scouts came in and restored the cemetery, replacing the lost or broken stones with wooden crosses designating a grave. The name of "Little Africa" came about because of the black settlement, but "Paddy's Garden" was the name those early residents called it.

Demographics

Orange County

Population by year



2000 19,306

1990 18,409

1980 18,677

1970 16,968

1960 16,877

1950 16,879

1940 17,311

1930 17,459

1920 16,974

1910 17,192

1900 16,854

1890 14,678

1880 14,363

1870 13,497

1860 12,076

1850 10,809

1840 9,602

1830 7,901

1820 5,368



As of the census of 2000, there were 19,306 people, 7,621 households, and 5,342 families residing in the county. The population density was 48 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 8,348 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.90% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.0% were of Americanmarker, 18.1% German, 11.8% English and 10.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 7,621 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,564, and the median income for a family was $38,505. Males had a median income of $28,658 versus $20,238 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,717. About 9.00% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.10% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The county is served by 4 school districts:
  • Lost River Career Cooperative
  • Orleans Community Schools
  • Paoli Community School Corporation
  • Springs Valley Community School Corporation.


Orleans Community Schools (Superintendent:James Terrell) includes:
  • Orleans Elementary School (Principal:Roy Kline)
  • Orleans Jr./Sr. High School (Principal:Gary McClintic).


Paoli Community Schools (Superintendent:Dr. Alva L. Sibbitt, Jr.)includes:
  • Throop Elementary School (Principal:Sharon R. Tucker)
  • Paoli Jr./Sr. High School (Principal:Jerry Stroud).


Springs Valley School Corporation (Superintendent: Todd Pritchett) includes:
  • Springs Valley Elementary School (Principal:Tony Whitaker)
  • Springs Valley Jr./Sr. High School (Principal: Troy Pritchett)


Cities and towns



Townships



External links



References




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