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Orange County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Yorkmarker. It is part of the PoughkeepsiemarkerNewburghmarkerMiddletownmarker, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area and is located at the northern reaches of the New York metropolitan areamarker. The county sits in the state's scenic Mid-Hudson Region of the Hudson Valley. Its name is in honor of William III of Orange, who was greatly esteemed by the original settlers of the region. As of the 2000 census, the population was 341,367. The County Executive is Ed Diana, and the county seat is Goshenmarker. The center of population of New York is located in Orange County, in Deerpark [8913].

History

Orange County was one of the first twelve counties established by the Province of New York in 1683. Its boundaries at that time included present-day Rockland Countymarker, which split from Orange County in 1798. Due to its small population, the original Orange County was not fully independent and shared government functions with other counties. The first public buildings were erected in Orangetown in 1703, and the first court was established in 1801.

Due to a boundary dispute between New York and New Jerseymarker, the extant of many of the southern towns of the county was not established until the 19th Century.

Notable Orange County residents, past and present



Law and government

Originally, like most New York counties, Orange County was governed by a 37 member Board of Supervisors consisting of the 20 town supervisors, 9 city supervisors elected from the 9 wards of the City of Newburgh and four each elected from the wards of the Cities of Middletown and Port Jervis. In 1968, the board adopted a county charter and a reapportionment plan that created the county legislature and executive. The first county executive and legislature were elected in November, 1969 and took office on January 1, 1970. Today, Orange County is still governed by the same charter calling for an elected county executive and a 21 member county legislature elected from 21 single member districts. There are also several state constitutional positions including a Sheriff, County Clerk and District Attorney. Prior to January 1, 2008 four coroners were also elected, however on the aforementioned date, the county switched to a medical examiner system.

The Current County Officers are:

  • County Executive: Edward A. Diana (Republican)
  • County Clerk: Donna L. Benson (Republican)
  • Sheriff: Carl E. DuBois (Republican)
  • District Attorney: Francis D. Phillips (Republican)


The County Legislature and its previous board of supervisors were long dominated by the Republican Party. However, in past years the Democrats have closed the gap. The current legislature consists of 10 Republicans, 10 Democrats and 1 member of the Independence Party of New York State.

Orange County Executives
Name Party Term
Louis V. Mills Republican January 1, 1970 – December 31, 1977
Louis Heimbach Republican January 1, 1978 – December 31, 1989
Mary M. McPhillips Democrat January 1, 1990 – December 31, 1993
Joseph G. Rampe Republican January 1, 1994 – December 31, 2001
Edward A. Diana Republican January 1, 2002 – present


Geography

Orange County is in southeastern New York State, directly north of the New Jerseymarker-New York border, west of the Hudson River, east of the Delaware River and northwest of New York Citymarker. It borders the New York counties of Dutchessmarker, Putnammarker, Rocklandmarker, Sullivanmarker, Ulstermarker, and Westchestermarker, as well as Passaicmarker and Sussexmarker counties in New Jersey and Pike Countymarker in Pennsylvaniamarker.

Orange County is the only county in New York State which borders both the Hudson and Delaware Rivers.

Orange County is where the Great Valley of the Appalachians finally opens up and ends. The western corner is set off by the Shawangunk Ridge. The area along the Rockland County border (within Harrimanmarker and Bear Mountainmarker state parks) and south of Newburgh is part of the Hudson Highlands. The land in between is the valley of the Wallkill River. In the southern portion of the county the Wallkill valley expands into a wide glacial lake bed known as the Black Dirt Region for its fertility.

The highest point is Schunemunk Mountainmarker, at 1,664 feet (507 m) above sea level. The lowest is sea level along the Hudson.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 839 square miles (2,172 km²), with 816 square miles (2,114 km²) as land and 22 square miles (58 km²) as water.

National protected areas



Adjacent counties



Economy

Transportation

The county is served by Stewart International Airportmarker, located two miles west of Newburgh, New Yorkmarker. The airport serves Delta Air Lines, JetBlue Airways, Northwest Airlines, and US Airways. AirTran Airways stopped providing service to the airport in late 2008. Ground transportation within Orange County is provided primarily by New Jersey Transit, Short Line Bus, and Metro-North Railroad's Port Jervis Line, as well as amenities such as senior citizen bussing and car services, which usually restrict themselves to their respective town or city.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 341,367 people, 114,788 households, and 84,483 families residing in the county. The population density was 418 people per square mile (161/km²). There were 122,754 housing units at an average density of 150 per square mile (58/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 83.70% White, 8.09% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.51% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.09% from other races, and 2.23% from two or more races. 11.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.3% were of Italian, 17.4% Irish, 10.2% German and 5.0% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 9.23% reported speaking Spanish at home, 3.29% Yiddish, and 1.20% Italian.[8914]

By 2005, census estimates placed Orange County's non-Hispanic white population at 72.4%. African Americans were now 10.2% of the population. Native Americans were at 0.4%, a change that was less than can be measured by the precision of the 2005 estimates being used for these figures. Asians were up to 2.2% of the population. Latinos had however made the largest gain as an increase in their percentage of the population, and now constituted 14.9% of the counties population.

There were 114,788 households out of which 39.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 21.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.00% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 10.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $52,058, and the median income for a family was $60,355. Males had a median income of $42,363 versus $30,821 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,597. About 7.60% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.80% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.

Despite its rural roots, Orange County is considered to be among the fastest growing suburb/exurb regions of the New York Citymarker Metropolitan Area.

Cities and towns

Cities



Villages



Towns



Hamlets

There are many hamlets (unincorporated communities) in Orange County. See the town listings.

Movies/TV Filmed In Orange County



Points of interest

Points of interest in Orange County include, the United States Military Academymarker at West Pointmarker, Brotherhood Winerymarker, America's oldest winery, in Washingtonvillemarker, the birthplace of William H. Seward in Floridamarker, the home and birthplace of Velveeta and Liederkranz Cheese in Monroemarker, the Harness Racing Museum & Hall of Famemarker in Goshen, the Times Herald-Record newspaper, the first cold press offset daily in the country, in Middletownmarker, Galleria at Crystal Runmarker, in Wallkill, the Orange County Fair in Wallkill. The only state parks include Goosepond Mountain State Park, Harriman State Parkmarker and Sterling Forest State Parkmarker. There is also the Woodbury Common Premium Outletsmarker. It is also the location of Orange County Choppers, the custom motorcycle shop featured on The Learning Channel television series American Chopper. Ari Bucaj crib.

Image:Middletown, NY, skyline.jpg|
Middletown
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Newburgh
Image:Port Jervis, NY.jpg|
Port Jervis
Image:Downtown Florida, NY.jpg|
Florida
Image:Goshen, NY, skyline from Historic Track.jpg|
Goshen
Image:Downtown Maybrook, NY.jpg|
Maybrook
Image:Monroe, NY, mill pond and downtown.jpg|
Monroe
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Montgomery
Image:Downtown Walden, NY.jpg|
Walden
Image:Downtown Warwick, NY.jpg|
Warwick
Image:Downtown Washingtonville, NY.JPG|
Washingtonville
Image:Woodbury Commons from US 6.jpg|
Woodbury


Sports in Orange County

Orange County Youth Football League (OCYFL)

The Orange County Youth Football League (O.C.Y.F.L.) is a non-profit organization that allows youth age 6 through 14 to play competitive American football. The League encompasses 15 towns with over 100 teams in Orange County and surrounding areas including Chester, Cornwall, Goshen, Highland Falls, Marlboro, Middletown, Minisink Valley, Monticello, Newburgh, New Windsor, Pine Bush, Valley Central, Wallkill, Warwick and Washingtonville. It is composed of 4 Divisions, divided by weight restrictions, and a "Mighty Mite" Flag Football division for 6 & 7 year olds. In each division, there is additionally a complete cheerleading program for each team. There is a comprehensive annual schedule of play within each division for all teams, culminating in a divisional Championship game, often played in Michie Stadiummarker or Shea Stadium at the historic United States Military Academymarker at West Point, New Yorkmarker.

See also



References

  1. Orange County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
  2. OCYFL


External links




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