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Oresund Railway ( , ) is a railway between Copenhagenmarker in Denmarkmarker and Malmömarker in Swedenmarker via the Oresund Bridgemarker. On the Swedish side the railway infrastructure is managed by Banverket, on the Danish side the railway infrastructure is managed by Banedanmark.

The railway line continues from the Kontinentalbanan south of Malmö and heads west passing over the Oresund Bridge on the lower section, the artificial island Peberholmmarker, under Copenhagen Airportmarker to Copenhagen Central Stationmarker. In Malmö the tunnel City Tunnel, Malmö is being built to connect the railway directly to Malmö Central Stationmarker, without having to operate it as a terminus station.

Since 11 January 2009, Oresundtrains are operated by DSBFirst between Copenhagen and Malmö, with connections to Gothenburgmarker, Kalmarmarker and Karlskronamarker. On the Danish side, many trains continue northwards on Kystbanen to Elsinoremarker. DSBmarker operates Oresundtrains to Ystadmarker with ferry connection to Bornholmmarker. SJ operates X 2000 high-speed trains between Stockholmmarker - Malmö - Copenhagen and Oresundtrains between Gothenburg - Copenhagen. Freight trains are operated by Railion using EG locomotives.

History

Plans for connecting Scania and Zealandmarker with a bridge had been raised throughout the entire 20th century, but in 1991 a company was created to start the work. Construction of the Oresund Bridge and Oresund Railway started in 1995 and was completed in 2000.

Plans

A new tunnel under the city of Malmö, the City Tunnel, is being built and is expected to be finished in the winter 2010/2011. It will allow trains right through the Malmö Central Station, a new station in the southern inner city and will save 5-10 minutes for passengers passing through Malmö, and about 15-20 min for those to the southern inner city.

Border technicalities

One of the challenges with the line was incompatibility between the railway electrification between Denmark and Sweden. Denmark uses while Sweden uses . Also the signalling system is different between the two countries. The problem was solved by switching the signalling system on Peberholm while the entire bridge uses the Danish electrical system. All the trains that operate on the line must therefore be equipped with dual electrical adaption systems, and dual signalling system, including a minority of the X2 trains operated throughout Sweden by SJ.

Also, on double tracks in Denmark, trains run on the right hand side and in Sweden on the left. On the Oresund Railway trains runs on right, changing side at the Malmö terminus station.

Line



X2000 trains only stop at Malmö C, Copenhagen Airport / Kastrup and Copenhagen H. Oresundtrains stop at all stations.

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