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The Oriental Pearl Tower ( , Official Name: 东方明珠电视塔) is a TV tower in Shanghai, Chinamarker. The Oriental Pearl Tower is located at the tip of Lujiazuimarker in the Pudongmarker district, by the side of Huangpu Rivermarker, opposite The Bundmarker of Shanghai.

It was designed by Jiang Huan Cheng of the Shanghai Modern Architectural Design Co. Ltd. Construction began in 1991 and the tower was completed in 1995. At 468 m (1,535 feet) high, it is the tallest completed tower in Asia. It was also the tallest structure in Chinamarker from 1994-2007, when it was surpassed by the Shanghai World Financial Centermarker. The Oriental Pearl Tower belongs to the World Federation of Great Towers.

The tower has approximate coordinates 31°14'30 N and 121°29'42 E.On 7 July 2007, Oriental Pearl Tower was host to the Chinese Live Earth concert.

Structural data

The Spheres in the tower

The tower features 11 spheres, big and small. The two biggest spheres, along the length of the tower, have diameters of 50 m (164 ft) for the lower and 45 m (148 ft) for the upper. They are linked by three columns, each 9 m (30 ft) in diameter. The highest sphere is 14 m (46 ft) in diameter.

The entire building is supported by three enormous columns that start underground.

Observation levels

The revolving restaurant inside the 2nd-highest sphere
Outdoor observation deck built in May 2009 featuring a glass floor

The tower has fifteen observatory levels. The highest (known as the Space Module) is at 350 m (1148 ft). The lower levels are at 263 m (863 ft) (Sightseeing Floor) and at 90 m (295 ft) (Space City). There is a revolving restaurant at the 267 m (876 ft) level. The project also contains exhibition facilities, restaurants and a shopping mall. There is also a 20-room hotel called the Space Hotel between the two large spheres.

Antenna spire

An antenna broadcasting TV and radio programs extends the construction by another 118 m (387 ft) to a total height of 468 metres (1,535 ft).

Chinese symbolism in the design

The design of the building is based on a verse of the Tang Dynasty poem Pipa Song by Bai Juyi about the wonderful sprinkling sound of a pipa instrument, like pearls, big and small falling on a jade plate (大珠小珠落玉盘/大珠小珠落玉盤/dà zhū xiǎo zhū luò yù pán).

Seen from afar, the Yangpu Bridgemarker (杨浦大桥 Yángpǔ dàqiáo) and the Nanpu bridge (南浦大桥 Nánpǔ dàqiáo) seem like two Chinese dragons frolicking with the pearls of the Oriental Pearl tower.

Tourist facts

The Pearl Tower attracts over three million visitors each year.Image:Shanghai-JE3.jpg|Panoramic view of Oriental Pearl TowerImage:Shanghai oriental pearl tower.JPG|Oriental Pearl TowerNight viewImage:Orientalpearl.jpg|Oriental Pearl at nightImage:Shanghaipudong.jpg|Oriental Pearl and night view of PudongImage:orientalpearl-c.jpg|The Oriental Pearl at night (the second tallest building is the Jin Mao Towermarker)Inside the PearlImage:Orientalpearlviewpoint1.jpg|Viewpoint (263 meters)Image:Rotatingrestaurant.jpg|Rotating Restaurant (267 meters )Image:Sign at top of Oriental Pearl Tower, Shanghai.JPG|Sign at the "Space Module"

In popular culture

See also

External links

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