Oriental Pearl Tower ( , Official Name: 东方明珠电视塔)
is a TV tower in Shanghai, China.
Oriental Pearl Tower is located at the tip of Lujiazui in the
Pudong district, by the side of Huangpu River, opposite The Bund of Shanghai.
It was designed by Jiang Huan Cheng of the Shanghai Modern
Architectural Design Co. Ltd. Construction began in 1991 and the
tower was completed in 1995. At 468 m (1,535 feet) high, it is the
tallest completed tower in Asia. It was also the tallest structure in
China from 1994-2007, when it was surpassed by the
World Financial Center.
The Oriental Pearl Tower belongs to the
World Federation of
The tower has approximate coordinates 31°14'30 N
.On 7 July 2007
, Oriental Pearl Tower was host to the Chinese Live Earth
The Spheres in the tower
The tower features 11 spheres, big and small. The two biggest
spheres, along the length of the tower, have diameters of 50 m (164
ft) for the lower and 45 m (148 ft) for the upper. They are linked
by three columns, each 9 m (30 ft) in diameter. The highest sphere
is 14 m (46 ft) in diameter.
The entire building is supported by three enormous columns
that start underground.
The revolving restaurant inside the
Outdoor observation deck built in May 2009 featuring a glass
The tower has fifteen observatory levels. The highest (known as the
Space Module) is at 350 m (1148 ft). The lower levels are at 263 m
(863 ft) (Sightseeing Floor) and at 90 m (295 ft) (Space City).
There is a revolving restaurant
at the 267 m (876 ft) level. The project also contains exhibition
facilities, restaurants and a shopping mall. There is also a
20-room hotel called the Space Hotel between the two large
broadcasting TV and radio
programs extends the construction by another 118 m (387 ft) to a
total height of 468 metres (1,535 ft).
Chinese symbolism in the design
The design of the building is based on a verse of the Tang Dynasty
poem Pipa Song
about the wonderful sprinkling
sound of a pipa
instrument, like pearls
, big and small falling on a jade
plate (大珠小珠落玉盘/大珠小珠落玉盤/dà zhū xiǎo zhū luò yù
afar, the Yangpu
Bridge (杨浦大桥 Yángpǔ dàqiáo) and the Nanpu bridge (南浦大桥
Nánpǔ dàqiáo) seem like two Chinese
dragons frolicking with the pearls of the Oriental Pearl
The Pearl Tower attracts over three million visitors each
year.Image:Shanghai-JE3.jpg|Panoramic view of Oriental Pearl
TowerImage:Shanghai oriental pearl tower.JPG|Oriental Pearl
TowerNight viewImage:Orientalpearl.jpg|Oriental Pearl at
nightImage:Shanghaipudong.jpg|Oriental Pearl and night view of
PudongImage:orientalpearl-c.jpg|The Oriental Pearl
at night (the second tallest building is the Jin Mao Tower)
meters)Image:Rotatingrestaurant.jpg|Rotating Restaurant (267 meters
)Image:Sign at top of Oriental Pearl Tower, Shanghai.JPG|Sign at
the "Space Module"
In popular culture
Life After People: The
Series, the episode "The Invaders" show the tower falling 70
years into our absence due to the Huangpu River flooding Shanghai, corrosion, and the fact that the
city has sunk 35 inches under its own weight.
- In Godzilla: Final Wars it
was destroyed when Karyu crashed after being knocked by Anguirus.
Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer, it is shown two times, first
when the Fantastic Four try to catch Dr. Doom, and secondly when
the Human Torch pushes Dr. Doom into the Huangpu River
- In Mission Impossible
III, it is shown several times during the mission which was
going on in Shanghai.
- In Weekly World News, it was shown a picture from 2320.
- In Ultraviolet , the
character Six stands beneath it and looks up at it. It was also
shown several times in subsequent scenes.
- The Tower is extensively featured in Empire of The Sun's music video for
Walking on a Dream
- In Transformers:
Revenge of the Fallen, the tower is featured near the beginning
of the movie, during the hunt for Decepticons hiding in