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Orontobates (in Greek Ὀρoντoβάτης; lived 4th century BC) was a Persian, who married the daughter of Pixodarus, the usurping satrap of Caria, and was sent by the king of Persia to succeed him. On the approach of Alexander III of Macedon (334 BC) Orontobates and Memnon of Rhodesmarker entrenched themselves in Halicarnassus. But at last, despairing of defending it, they set fire to the town, and under cover of the conflagration crossed over to Cosmarker, whither they had previously removed their treasures. Orontes, however, still held the citadel Salmacis, and the towns Myndus, Caunus, Theramarker and Callipolis together with Triopiummarker and the island of Cos. Next year, when at Soli, Cilicia, Alexander learnt that Orontobates had been defeated in a great battle by Ptolemy and Asander. It is natural to infer that the places which Orontobates held did not long hold out after his defeat.

An officer of the name of Orontobates was present in the army of Darius III at the battle of Gaugamela (331 BC), being one of the commanders of the troops drawn from the shores of the Persian Gulfmarker. Whether he was the same or a different person from the preceding, we have no means of knowing. We are not told that the latter was killed as well as defeated. Ranajit Pal maintains[194288] that Orontobates was as much Indian as he was Persian and was the same as Chandragupta who is Rantivarma of the Sanskrit drama Mudrarakshasa. It is likely that Alexander the Great knew Orontobates intimately as there was a princess between the two. In his youth Alexander wanted to marry Ada II, the daughter of Pixodarus but this was negated by his father. Incidentally Orontobates married a daughter of Pixodarus, who was probably the same as Ada II. Thus the relation between the two may have been far more complex than what Justin or even Plutarch knew.Pal also equates Chandragupta Maurya with Moeris as well as with Saśigupta (Sisicottus).


 Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri,  i. 18,  ii. 5; Curtius Rufus, Historiae Alexandri Magni,  iii. 7
 Arrian,  iii. 8

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