The Ortoiroid people
were the first human settlers
of the Caribbean. They are believed to have originated in the
Orinoco valley in South America, migrating
to the Antilles from Trinidad and
Tobago to Puerto Rico.
theorizes that the Ortoiroid developed for a large amount of time
in South America before moving to the
The earliest radiocarbon date
for the Ortoiroid is
5230 BC from Trinidad; the latest date is 190 AD from Puerto Rico
The majority of archaeological
associated with the Ortoiroid are found near or on the
remains have been found
in these sites indicating that they constituted an important part
of the Ortoiroid diet.
The Ortoiroid are considered the first settlers of the archipelago
of Puerto Rico
The Ortoiroid were displaced by the Saladoid
in the West Indies.
- Rouse, p.63
- Ferguson, James: Far From Paradise. Latin American
Bureau, 1990. ISBN 0-906156-54-8 (Good first read, from Columbus to
present. Concentrates on slavery, the colonial period, struggles
for independence and the rise of US influence. Lots of
- Kurlansky, Mark. 1992. A Continent of Islands: Searching
for the Caribbean Destiny. Addison-Wesley Publishing.
- Rogozinsky, Jan: A Brief History of the Caribbean.
Plume, 1999. ISBN 0-452-28193-8 (Thorough history of the Caribbean
up to the end of the twentieth century.)