Oswego County is a county located in the U.S.
state of New
As of 2005, the estimated population was
118,560. The City of Oswego serves as
the county seat.
The county name is from the Iroquois
word meaning "the outpouring," referring
to the mouth of the Oswego
Oswego County is part of the Syracuse, NY Metropolitan Statistical
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the
present Oswego County was part of Albany County
. This was an enormous
county, including the northern part of New York State as well as
all of the present State of Vermont and, in
theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean.
This county was reduced in size on July 3,
1766 by the creation of Cumberland County
, and further
on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County
containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into
three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the
other pieces, Tryon County
contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary
was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific).
eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west
of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the
Adirondack Mountains and the
area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River.
The area then
designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York
State. The county was named for William
, colonial governor of New York.
years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to
Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that
ended the American
Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to
County to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured
several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of
Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British
the size of Montgomery County was reduced by the splitting off of
County from Montgomery. The actual area split
off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county,
also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.
Oswego County was partly in Macomb's
County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery
(the other two being Otsego, and Tioga County).
This was much larger than the present
county, however, and was reduced by a number of subsequent
County was created from a part of Herkimer County.
county was larger than the current Onondaga County, including the
present Cayuga, Cortland, and part of Oswego Counties.
County was created from a part of Herkimer County.
county was larger than the current Oneida County, including the
present Jefferson, Lewis, and part of Oswego Counties.
Oneida County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Jefferson and Lewis Counties.
In 1816, Oswego County was created as New York State's 48th county
from parts of Oneida and Onondaga Counties.
In 1841, businessmen in Oswego attempted to divide Oswego County
into two counties. They failed to persuade the State to do so,
however. Occasionally, the topic still comes up today by dividing
the county into an east part and a west part, with the east portion
being renamed "Salmon County".
various times, beginning in 1847 and as late as 1975, attempts were
made to move the county seat to the Village of
None of these attempts succeeded,
February 2007 - A major lake effects snowfall dumped over ten
feet of snow in many places in Oswego County, resulting in several
roof collapses, some communities being cut off, and some people
being snowed-in in their homes. A state of emergency was declared
for the county, and the National Guard was sent in to help clear
- On April 20, 2002, around 6:50 am, many residents of Oswego County were shaken awake by a magnitude 5.2
earthquake centered near Plattsburg, NY. Minor damage to a Fire
Hall in Altmar was the only report of damage. No injuries were
County Government and Politics
Presidential elections results
The Oswego County legislature has 25 members, elected from equal
population districts, reduced from 36 in 1993.
County is in northwestern New York State, just north of Syracuse and northwest of Utica, on the
eastern shore of Lake
Part of the Tug
is in the eastern part of the county and, at
1550', is the highest point. Oswego County Clerk's Office, NY
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total
area of 1,312 square miles (3,399 km²), of which,
953 square miles (2,469 km²) of it is land and
359 square miles (929 km²) of it (27.35%) is water.
There are two harbors in the county, Oswego Harbor at the mouth of
the Oswego River and Port Ontario on the Salmon River. The first
major port of call on the Great Lakes is the Port of Oswego
The town of Orwell is officially designated as "dry".
As of the census
of 2000, there were 122,377
people, 45,522 households, and 31,228 families residing in the
county. The population density
was 128 people per square mile (50/km²). There were 52,831 housing
units at an average density of 55 per square mile (21/km²).
The racial makeup of the county was 97.17% White
, 0.59% African American
, 0.01% Pacific Islander
, 0.48% from
, and 0.93%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.30% of the
population. 15.5% were of Irish, 14.0% German, 13.7% Italian, 13.3% English, 9.6% American, 7.9% French and 5.3%
Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.
96.2% spoke English
and 1.7% Spanish
as their first language.
There were 45,522 households out of which 35.00% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 52.80% were married couples
living together, 10.80% had a
female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were
non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals
and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or
older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family
size was 3.08.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.80% under the
age of 18, 10.90% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from
45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median
age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,598, and
the median income for a family was $43,821. Males had a median
income of $34,976 versus $23,938 for females. The per capita income
for the county was
$16,853. About 9.70% of families and 14.00% of the population were
below the poverty line
17.10% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or
County is also home to two colleges: State
University of New York at Oswego located in the Town of Oswego and the Fulton Branch
Campus of Cayuga County
Community College located in the City of Fulton.
Cities, Towns, and Villages
Oswego County has 22 towns, 2 cities, and 10 villages.
A map of towns and cities located in
Oswego County, NY