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Otolaryngology or ENT (ear, nose and throat) is the branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat, and head and neck disorders. The full name of the specialty is otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. Practitioners are called otolaryngologists-head and neck surgeons, or sometimes otorhinolaryngologists (ORL). The term comes from the Greek ωτολαρυγγολογία (oto = genitive for ear, laryngo = genitive for larynx/throat, logy = study), and it literally means the study of ear and neck. The full term ωτορινολαρυγγολογία (otorhinolaryngology), also includes rhino, which is the genitive of nose. Otolaryngology is one of the most competitive specialties to enter for physicians.

Explanation

Otolaryngologists are medical doctors (MD, DO, MBBS, MBChB, etc.) who, in the United Statesmarker, complete at least five years of surgical residency training. This is composed of one year in general surgical training and four years in otolaryngology - head and neck surgery; in the past it varied between two and three years of each.

Following residency training some otolaryngologists elect to complete advanced subspeciality fellowship training which can be 1–2 years in duration (pediatric otolaryngology), or head and neck oncology.

Subspecialties

(*Currently recognized by American Board of Medical Subspecialties)
Head and Neck Facial plastics Otology Neuro-otology* Rhinology/Sinus Laryngology Pediatrics* Sleep*
Surgical oncology
| Facial cosmetics
| Ear
| Middle and inner ear
| Sinusitis
| Voice therapy
| VeloPalatine-Insufficiency
Reconstruction
| Maxillofacial
| Hearing
| Temporal bone
| Allergy
| Phono-surgery
| Cleft Lip and Palate
Endocrine surgery
| Trauma
|
| Skull base
| Anterior skull base
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| Airway
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| Dizziness
| Apnea and snoring
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| Vascular Malformations
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| Cochlear Implant/BAHA


Topics in otolaryngology, head and neck surgery

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Head & Neck Surgery



Otology/neuro-otology





Rhinology

Rhinology pertains to sinus diseases and the anterior skull base.

Pediatrics



Laryngology





Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery is a one-year fellowship open to Otolaryngologists and Plastic Surgeons who wish to specialize in the aethetic and recontructive surgery of the head, face, and neck. For further information see the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery [3641]



See also



References

  1. [1]


External links



Societies




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