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Otsego County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Yorkmarker. The 2003 population estimate was 62,196, a 2.9% increase from 1990. The county seat is Cooperstownmarker. The name Otsego is from an Indian word meaning "place of the rock."

History

For History of Otsego County before 1789 see Montgomery Countymarker.


Map of Otsego County, at its formation
1829 map of Otsego County, New York


In 1789, Ontario Countymarker was split off from Montgomery. The actual area split off from Montgomery Countymarker was much larger than the present county, also including the present Alleganymarker, Cattaraugusmarker, Chautauquamarker, Eriemarker, Geneseemarker, Livingstonmarker, Monroemarker, Niagaramarker, Orleansmarker, Steubenmarker, Wyomingmarker, Yatesmarker, and part of Schuylermarker and Wayne Countiesmarker.

The formation of Otsego County

Otsego County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery (the other two being Herkimermarker, and Tioga Countymarker). Otsego county was officially established on February 16, 1791, with Cooperstown as its county seat, even though the village of Cherry Valley was at the time much larger. The original county consisted of three large townships:

Otsego and Cherry Valley together roughly covered the area of modern Otsego County, while Harpersfield covered the area south of the current county, as far as the Delaware River.

The original appointments to Otsego County government positions, made by Governor George Clinton included:

The founding of new towns

By 1793, four towns had been added to the county by division of the existing towns:

Areas of Otsego County used to form new counties

The area of Otesgo County was reduced by a number of subsequent splits.

In 1795, a piece of Otsego County was joined with a portion taken from Albany County to create Schoharie Countymarker.

In 1797, a piece of Otsego County was joined with a portion taken from Ulster Countymarker to create Delaware Countymarker.

Geography

Otsego County is in central New York State, to the west of Albanymarker, southeast of Uticamarker, and northeast of Binghamtonmarker. The county is considered by some to belong to the Southern Tier region of New York State.

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,015 square miles (2,629 km²), of which, 1,003 square miles (2,597 km²) of it is land and 12 square miles (32 km²) of it (1.21%) is water.

Adjacent counties



Economy

The Village of Cooperstown (home town of James Fenimore Cooper), located at the south end of Otsego Lakemarker, attracts many tourists to the Baseball Hall of Famemarker and the New York State Historical Association museums. The City of Oneontamarker is the home of Hartwick College, the State University of New York at Oneontamarker, and the Soccer Hall of Fame. The county as a whole remains relatively rural, with dairy farming an important industry.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 61,676 people, 23,291 households, and 15,115 families residing in the county. The population density was 62 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 28,481 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.80% White, 1.75% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.90% of the population. 15.0% were of Irish, 14.9% English, 14.9% German, 11.3% Italian and 9.1% Americanmarker ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.4% spoke English and 2.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 23,291 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.10% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 14.40% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,444, and the median income for a family was $41,110. Males had a median income of $29,988 versus $22,609 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,806. About 8.80% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.80% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government and Politics

Otsego county is a true swing county, it has chose the winner of the presidency for the last three decades. In 2004 Otsego County voted 51-48 in favor of George W. Bush, and in 2008 they voted 51-47 in favor of Barack Obama. Democrats are very strong in Oneonta and Cooperstown, however republicans have solidified the north of the county.

Towns, Villages and Cities

Burlingtonmarker
Butternutsmarker Village of Gilbertsvillemarker
Cherry Valleymarker Village of Cherry Valleymarker
Decaturmarker
Edmestonmarker
Exetermarker
Hartwickmarker
Laurens Village of Laurensmarker
Marylandmarker
Middlefieldmarker
Milford Village of Milfordmarker
Morris Village of Morrismarker
New Lisbonmarker
Oneontamarker City of Oneontamarker
Otego Village of Otegomarker
Otsegomarker Village of Cooperstownmarker
Pittsfieldmarker
Plainfieldmarker
Richfieldmarker Village of Richfield Springsmarker
Roseboommarker
Springfieldmarker
Unadillamarker Village of Unadillamarker
West Endmarker
Westfordmarker
Worcestermarker


See also

References



External links




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