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The outer barrier, also known as the Long Island and New York City barrier islands, refers to the string of barrier islands that divide the lagoons south of Long Islandmarker from the Atlantic Oceanmarker.

These islands include Long Beach Barrier Island, Jones Beach Islandmarker, Fire Islandmarker and Westhampton Beach barrier island. The outer barrier extends seventy-five miles 120 km along the south shore of Long Island, New Yorkmarker, from Rockaway Beachmarker on the NYCmarker/Nassau Countymarker border from Long Beach barrier Islands western edge, to Suffolk County'smarker east end of Shinnecock Bay.

The lagoons enclosed by the barrier islands are Jamaica Baymarker, Reynolds Channelmarker, South Oyster Baymarker, Great South Baymarker, and arms of the Great South Bay that have their own geographic names: Great Cove, Nicoll Bay, Patchogue Baymarker, Bellport Bay, Moriches Bay, Quantuck Bay, Tiana Bay, and Shinnecock Bay.East Rockaway Inletmarker, Jones Inlet, Fire Island Inletmarker, Moriches Inletmarker, and Shinnecock Inlet pierce the barrier, forming the individual sandy islands. The resort communities of Atlantic Beach, Long Beach, and Westhampton Beachmarker; the Fire Island National Seashoremarker, Robert Moses State Park, Jones Beach State Parkmarker, and other recreational areas are found there. The low-lying islands are subject to wave erosion, and, during storms, they are sometimes inundated and cut-through.

The Islands

Long Beach Barrier Island

Long Beach Barrier Island lies off the south shore of Long Islandmarker. The island is shared by the hamlet of Atlantic Beachmarker to the west, the city of Long Beachmarker and the hamlet of Lido Beachmarker in the central part of the island, and the hamlet of Point Lookoutmarker at the eastern end of the island. (The three hamlets — Atlantic Beach, Lido Beach, and Point Lookout — are part of the town of Hempstead, New York.)

Within its section of the barrier island, the city of Long Beach spans the entire north-south width of the island, fronting on both Reynolds Channelmarker, to the north, and the Atlantic Oceanmarker, to the south. A drawbridge, the Long Beach Bridgemarker, connects it to Island Parkmarker on the mainland of Long Island. To the west, the Atlantic Beach Bridgemarker, connects the island to Lawrencemarker on Long Island. The Loop Parkwaymarker, located to the east where Lido Beachmarker and Point Lookoutmarker border one another, connects the island to Jones Beach.

Jones Beach Island


Jones Beach Island
 Beach Island is a barrier island off the southern coast of Long Islandmarker in the U.S. state of New Yorkmarker. It is named for the father of Thomas Jones . It is sometimes referred to as Oak Beach Island, and the former home of the infamous Oak Beach Inn. It is separated from Long Island by Great South Baymarker. The island straddles the county line between Nassaumarker and Suffolkmarker counties and includes the Census-designated place of Gilgo-Oak Beach-Captree, New Yorkmarker.


The southern side of the island is known for its beaches that face the open Atlantic Oceanmarker. Jones Beach State Parkmarker, on the western tip of the island is a summer recreational destination for the New York Citymarker area.


It is accessible from Long Island on its western end by the Meadowbrook Parkwaymarker to Merrick, New Yorkmarker, the Loop Parkwaymarker to Long Beach, New Yorkmarker and the Wantagh Parkway to Wantagh, New Yorkmarker. Its eastern end is linked to Babylon, New Yorkmarker as well as to Fire Island, New Yorkmarker by the Robert Moses Causeway via the Great South Bay Bridgemarker and the State Boat Channel Bridgemarker. The Ocean Parkway connects all three causeways and runs the length of the island, while The Fire Island Inlet Bridgemarker continues on the Robert Moses Causeway finding Its way to the New York's Fire Island on the Atlantic Oceanmarker.

Fire Island

Fire Island is a barrier island, approximately 31 miles (50 km) long and varying between approximately 0.1 mile (160 m) to 0.25 mile (400 m) wide. Fire Island passes through southern Suffolk County, New Yorkmarker, and is southeast of Long Islandmarker separated from the main land by the Great South Baymarker in the U.S. state of New Yorkmarker, running approximately SW to NE. The land area is 8.687 sq. mi. (22.5 km2), and a permanent population of 491 people was reported as of the 2000 census. (There are hundreds of thousands of summertime residents, groupers and daytrippers.) The island is composed of three communities, as defined by the Census Bureau. The largest of these is Fire Island marker, which is unincorporated and stretches through the southern portion of the towns of Babylonmarker, Islipmarker, and Brookhavenmarker.

There are several ocean front communities such as, Davis Park and Watch Hillmarker that are on the eastern side of the Great south baymarker. Fire Island has a variety of ocean front communities that can be reached by private boat, or seasonal ferry service from Long Islandmarker's mainland. Fire Islandmarker has a 2000 census population of 310 inhabitants. There are also two villages in the Islip section of the island, Saltairemarker (pop. 43) and Ocean Beachmarker (pop. 138). In addition, a part of Fire Island CDP is not even on the island, but on a separate island adjacent to West Hampton Dunesmarker.

Fire Island Inletmarker The stated land area and population figures result when this section is subtracted out. is an inlet on the south shore of Long Island, New York. It connects the Great South Bay with the Atlantic Oceanmarker, passing between Robert Moses State Park (the western end of Fire Island) on the south and Oak Beach and Captree State Parkmarker (the eastern end of Jones Island) on the north. The inlet is directly south of West Islip, the nearest town on the main part of Long Island.
The Lighthouse at Robert Moses State Park


The inlet has evolved over the years due to natural processes, especially longshore drift. Jones Island and Fire Islandmarker at one time were connected. The Fire Island Lightmarker was at the mouth of the inlet when built in 1858, but is now six miles east of the inlet. [1]

Westhampton Beach barrier island

Westhampton Beach barrier island is the eastern most Outer barrier island in the Town of Southamptonmarker. The barrier island was part of Fire Islandmarker until a Nor'easter in 1931 created Moriches Inletmarker and made Fire Island a proper island. In 1938, Shinnecock Inlet created this Westhampton Beach barrier island. Cupsogue Beach County Parkmarker is located on the western end of the island.

NASA satellite map of the inlet


Moriches Inletmarker is an inlet connecting Moriches Baymarker and the Atlantic Oceanmarker. The inlet created a geographic oddity whereby the Town of Brookhavenmarker actually has jurisdiction on land immediately west of the village of West Hampton Dunesmarker although Brookhaven land access to it involves a nearly 20 mile drive through Southampton.

Shinnecock Inlet is the easternmost of five major inlets connecting bays to the Atlantic Oceanmarker through the narrow 100-mile-long barrier islands that stretch from New York Citymarker to Southhampton, New Yorkmarker on the south shore of Long Islandmarker.

The inlet was formed by the Great Hurricane of 1938 which killed several people when it permanently broke through the island in Hampton Bays, New Yorkmarker.

The inlet is almost directly lined up with the Shinnecock Canalmarker between Shinnecock Bay and the Peconic Baymarker and saves miles for boaters going to the open Atlantic. Consequently management has been geared to keep the inlet dredged and open. However, maintenance of the inlet has been controversial on grounds that it causes beach erosion on Fire Island.

Great South Bay at sunset


Related

Rockaway Inlet is bound by Brooklynmarker to the North and Rockaway Peninsulamarker to the South. It is the entrance to Jamaica Baymarker, and most of the inlet is within the boundary of Gateway National Recreation Area. Its entrance is marked by a light on a jetty extending southward from Rockaway Point. The entrance channel extends Westward of the jetty and is marked by lighted buoys. It has a depth of about 15 feet midchannel with a shoal of only one foot.
Map of Rockaway Inlet


The Ocean Parkway is a long state parkway that traverses the length of barrier beaches immediately south of Long Islandmarker, New Yorkmarker. The Ocean Parkway begins at the southern terminus of the Meadowbrook State Parkwaymarker, intersects the south end of the Wantagh State Parkway, and ends just past the southern terminus of the Robert Moses Causeway. The parkway services a number of parks, including Jones Beach State Parkmarker and Captree State Parkmarker. It is designated New York State Reference Route 909D, an unsigned reference route. Robert Moses CausewayRobert Moses State Parkmarker, Fire Island

Robert Moses State Park marker is on the western end of Fire Islandmarker, a barrier island off the southern coast of Long Islandmarker. It is known for its 5 mi (8 km) stretch of splendid beaches on the open Atlantic Oceanmarker and is a popular summer recreational destination in the New York Citymarker area. The park is accessible from Long Island by the Robert Moses Causeway across Great South Baymarker. This facility is the oldest state park on Long Island.

Sources



References

  1. US Census Fact Finder
  2. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1829074
  3. http://www.nd.edu/~adcirc/shinnecock.htm


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