Outlaws Motorcycle Club, incorporated as the
American Outlaws Association or its acronym,
A.O.A., is a "one-percenter" motorcycle
gang and organized crime
syndicate that was formed in McCook, Illinois in 1935. It has approximately 200 chapters in the
States, Canada, Australia, Asia, and Europe.
There is a one-percenter motorcycle club called the "Outlaws" in
New Zealand however they are not part of the international club. It
only shares the name and has a different patch design.
Membership in the Outlaws is limited to men who own American-made
motorcycles of a particular size, although in Europe motorcycles
from any country are allowed so long as they are in the chopper
style. Their main rivals are the Hells
, giving rise to an acronym used by Outlaws members,
"ADIOS" (Angels Die In Outlaw States).
Outlaws Motorcycle Club was established out of Matilda's Bar on old
Route 66 in McCook, Illinois a
southwestern suburb of Chicago in
The club stayed together during World War II
, but like most organizations at
that time, their activities were limited. In May 1946, the
Outlaws attended the first major post-war motorcycle event in the
midwest, which was held at Soldier Field, Chicago.
By 1950, the Outlaws had expanded rapidly and most of their members
were now from the Chicago area . The club re-established itself in
Chicago and changed their logo; a small skull replaced a winged
motorcycle and Old English
were adopted. This design was embroidered on a black shirt and hand
painted on leather jackets. In 1954, the Crossed Pistons were added
to the original small skull. This design was embroidered on a black
western-style shirt with white piping. The movie The Wild One
with Marlon Brando
influenced this backpatch. The
Skull and Crossed Pistons were redesigned in 1959, making them much
larger with more detail. The A.O.A. Logo was adopted as an answer
to the A.M.A. logo.
the American Motorcycle
Association, an organization which supervises all official
races in the United
States, banned the word "Outlaws" from all race
Therefore all racing club members wore the sign
O.M.C.(Outlaw Motorcycle Club) on their outfits until 1963. The
Outlaws became an official member of the 1%er Brotherhood of Clubs
in 1963, making it the first official 1%er club east of the
. On July 4, 1964, the
Cult MC from Voorheesville were patched-over by the Outlaws.
Springfield Motor Races in August of the same year, they became
associates of the Gypsy Outlaws from Louisville,
Kentucky. A Milwaukee chapter was then established and the "Outlaw
Nation" was founded with Chicago as Mother Chapter.
January 1, 1965, the American Outlaws Association (A.O.A.) was
founded. The insignia of the club, a skull and crossed pistons, is
named "Charlie". In July 1967, the Outlaws National President
and a number of other members travelled south from Chicago and
sanctioned the club's first chapter in Florida.
"God Forgives, Outlaws Don't
the club's motto in 1969.
the Outlaws patched-over Satan's Choice MC in Canada, to found
its first foreign chapter . The club's first Iowa chapter was
founded in 1978 when Diablo Knights MC became an Outlaws
A member not belonging to the Mother Chapter in
Chicago became the club's National President for the first time in
1984 and in 1989, the abbreviation "MC" (Motorcycle Club) was added
to the backpatch. The Outlaws' first European chapter was established in France in 1993 and
the following year, an Australian chapter
was founded .
MC 44 of France also became a chapter. In
1995, the club's Chicago chapter was split into three groups:
Mother Chapter (Southside), Westside and Northside. A second European
chapter was also opened in Norway.
the Belgian Outlaws MC, which already existed independently for
25 years, became a member of the AOA.
The 2000s saw the
Outlaws expand rapidly in Europe. The English and Welsh Outlaws MC,
until then independent MCs, joined the AOA in 2000.
Riders MC of Germany joined the AOA and chapters were opened in Sweden and Thailand in 2001.
In 2002, the Outlaws' first support
club, the Black Pistons, was founded in GermanyThere are now Black
Pistons chapters in the United States, Canada, England, Poland and
Norway. Poland, along with Italy, also opened
its first Outlaws chapter that year.
By 2003, the Outlaws
were represented in 19 US states
2004, the first Outlaws chapter was opened in Russia and in 2005,
the club celebrated the 70th Anniversary as a Motorcycle Club and
the 40th Anniversary of the AOA. A Japanese chapter was opened in 2006 and in 2007, the club
opened a chapter in the Philippines.
The Black Pistons also started its first
chapter in Australia .
Famous and infamous members
The FBI's Ten Most Wanted
, Harry Joseph
, known World Leader of the AOA, in prison since 1999 for
three murders, was the international president of the Outlaws
Motorcycle Club. During the time that Bowman was a fugitive in
1998, it had chapters in more than 30 cities in the United States
and some 20 chapters in at least four other countries.David Allan Coe
was a member of the Outlaws
morning of August 16, 2007, Federal agents along with the Daytona
Beach SWAT Team raided the Outlaws clubhouse on Beach Street in
Beach, Florida looking for drugs, weapons, contraband,
paraphernalia, etc.; they tore the Daytona Beach Clubhouse apart
for the better part of the day and found nothing, but removed as
many of the club's pictures and any other possibly identifying
information as they could find. Federal agents also
raided a home in Ormond Beach and two other clubhouses around the state.
search of the Jacksonville clubhouses netted federal agents 60 weapons
including pocket and kitchen knives. U.S. Attorney
General Alberto Gonzales
announced a Detroit grand jury indictment of
16 of the Outlaws National Club's members .
grand jury indictment included various charges, including assault
and drug distribution. Eleven Outlaws leaders and high-ranking
members of the gang were arrested after a five-year investigation.
said several gang members were charged with conspiracy to commit
assault on members of the Hells Angels Motorcycle Club in Indiana.
Rego Vital of Roberta,
Georgia, an Outlaws MC member, was shot and killed in an
early morning gunfight June 24, 2007 in the parking lot of The
Crazy Horse Saloon strip club in Forest Park, Georgia by two members of the Renegades MC in what has been
described as a self-defense shooting after Vital and other Outlaws
members followed the men from the club.
members were shot several times but survived.
On July 30, 2008, several facilities associated with the Outlaws in
the Chicago area were raided by agents from the FBI and the ATF.
The FBI brought in a SWAT team and an urban assault vehicle to the
clubhouse in the west side of the city in case violence were to
31, 2007 the FBI raided Brockton, Massachusetts Outlaws . The Taunton, Massachusetts Club house was raided, but due to immunity of the
Brockton club house nothing happened.
Many people were
arrested, including Joseph Noe
Taunton chapter of the Outlaws.
On June 27, 2006 Christopher Legere of Raymond, New Hampshire, an
Outlaws member, was arrested in the murder of a man who was wearing
a Hells Angels
shirt . The victim, John
Denoncourt, 32, of Manchester, New Hampshire, was shot and killed outside the 3-Cousins Pizza
and Lounge in Manchester on Sunday June 25, 2006 after he was
spotted hugging the bartender, who was Legere's girlfriend.
Denoncourt, according to friends and family, was not a Hells Angel
member himself but had friends who were. Legere had been
involved in another incident in Connecticut in early 2006 when he was charged with illegal
possession of body armor by a convicted felon.
March 17, 2009, 22 people—including a correctional officer—are
charged in connection with a $3.6 million cocaine distribution ring
operated by members and "wannabes" of the Outlaws Motorcycle Club
in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.August 24, 2009, 15 members of the
Outlaws Philadelphia chapter have been arrested in connection with
a methamphetine ring. Those arrested included chapter president
Thomas "The Boss" Zaroff Jr and Charles "The Panhead" Rees.
According to PA District Attorney Tom Corbett the gang sold
methamphetine in Phila, Bucks, Montgomery, Chester, and Delaware
counties in PA and in Camden and Burlington counties in NJ.
8, 2006, four Outlaws members were wounded, three seriously, in an
ambush in Custer State
Dakota among bikers gathered for the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally .
woman acquaintance was also wounded. Two men arrested and charged
with attempted murder were said to be Canadian members of the Hells
Angels. A statement posted on the Outlaws' web site had announced
Outlaws members would attend Sturgis but not make any "display of
power," and claimed that they had given prior notice to federal law
enforcement of their intention to sightsee and enjoy the
On June 10, 1997, US Attorney
indicted 17 members of the Outlaws Motorcycle Club for
racketeering, murder, narcotics trafficking, and bombing. Members
were from Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Florida chapters. The
Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
completed a 2 ½ year
investigation sparked by a war between the Outlaws and Hells Angels
for control over areas of Chicago and Milwaukee.
On December 19, 2000, Kevin O'Neill, president of the
Wisconsin/Stateline Outlaws chapter, received a sentence of life in
prison after being convicted on racketeering charges.
31, 2001, Edward Anastas, one-time president of the Milwaukee chapter of the Outlaws motorcycle club, was
arrested after being named in a sealed indictment charging him with
racketeering conspiracy, cocaine conspiracy,
and participating in a bombing.
On March 14, 2003, Thomas Sienkowski, president of the Milwaukee
chapter of the Outlaws motorcycle club, was sentenced to 10 years
in prison for racketeering.
In England and Wales the group has around 28 different
12, 2007, Hells Angel Gerry Tobin, a Canadian living in Mottingham,
London, was shot dead returning from the Bulldog Bash festival held near Long
was singled out at random by members of the Outlaws. In November
2008, seven men, Sean Creighton, Simon Turner, Dane Garside, Dean
Taylor, Malcolm Bull, Karl Garside and Ian Cameron, the entire
Warwickshire Chapter, were convicted of his murder and sentenced to
life imprisonment. The minimum terms before consideration of parole
were between 25 and 30 years - a total of 191 years.
January 2008 there was a brawl between up to 30 of the rival gangs
at Birmingham International
Police recovered various weapons including
and a meat
. Seven Outlaw members and five Hells Angels faced trial
as a result.
In summer 2006
, Outlaw members of the Mosbach
chapter attacked two members of the Hells Angels Heilbronn. In the
following trial, most Outlaw members were convicted for attempted
manslaughter. The Mosbach Chapter was closed thereafter.At the same
time, an Osnabrück section's member was shot by trying to enter the
president's house in a small
village near Osnabrück. After that, Bandidos' president was
convicted to nine months on probation on charges of illegal weapon
ownership. Bandidos claim they have acted in self-defense.
On March 5, 2008, fighting ensued at a motorcycle meeting in
Germany between Outlaws and Hells Angels members and several people
- 1000 cc engine capacity, according to the History Channel
- Resaca biker jailed after fatal shooting
- FBI, ATF Agents Execute Search Warrant At West Side
- FBI, ATF raid several locations in bombing
- UnionLeader.com - New Hampshire news, business and
sports - Arrest made in murder; victim's friend says hug from gang
member's girlfriend triggered deadly confrontation -
- Article from the "Citizens' Voice"
-  From Philly.com - website of the
-  Retrieved June 25 2009
- "Life for seven motorway killers of biker Gerry Tobin", The
Guardian, Friday November 28 2008, 
- BBC©MMIX Biker gangs 'had airport battle'