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The Republic of Bulgariamarker is the latest incarnation of one of the oldest sovereign states in Europe. Bulgaria is located on the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe, bordering five other countries: Romaniamarker to the north (mostly along the Danube), Serbiamarker and the Republic of Macedoniamarker to the west, and Greecemarker and Turkeymarker to the south. The Black Seamarker defines the extent of the country to the east.

Bulgaria comprises the classical regions of Moesia, Thrace, and Macedonia. Old European culture in the region started to produce golden artifactsmarker by the fifth millennium BCE.

The country preserves the traditions (in ethnic name, language, and alphabet) of the First Bulgarian Empire (632/681 1018), which at times covered most of the Balkans and spread its alphabet, literature and culture among the Slavic and other peoples of Eastern Europe. Centuries later, with the decline of the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185 1396/1422), the country came under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries. The Russo-Turkish War re-established Bulgaria as a constitutional monarchy in 1878, with the Treaty of San Stefano marking the birth of the Third Bulgarian Kingdom. After World War II, Bulgaria became a communist state and part of the Eastern Bloc. In 1990, after the Revolutions of 1989, the Communist party gave up its monopoly on power and Bulgaria transitioned to democracy and free-market capitalism.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Bulgaria:

General reference

Geography of Bulgaria

: 608 km
: 494 km
: 318 km
: 240 km
: 148 km
* Coastline: 354 km

Environment of Bulgaria

Natural geographic features of Bulgaria

Main article: Landforms of Bulgaria

Regions of Bulgaria

Main article: Regions of Bulgaria

Ecoregions of Bulgaria

Main article: Ecoregions in Bulgaria

Administrative divisions of Bulgaria

Main article: Administrative divisions of Bulgaria

Provinces of Bulgaria
Municipalities of Bulgaria

Demography of Bulgaria

Main article: Demographics of Bulgaria

Government and politics of Bulgaria

Main article: Government of Bulgaria and Politics of Bulgaria

Branches of government

Executive branch of the government of Bulgaria

Legislative branch of the government of Bulgaria

Judicial branch of the government of Bulgaria

Foreign relations of Bulgaria

International organization membership

The Republic of Bulgaria is a member of:

Law and order in Bulgaria

Main article: Law of Bulgaria

Military of Bulgaria

Main article: Military of Bulgaria

Local government in Bulgaria

History of Bulgaria

Main article: History of Bulgaria, Timeline of the history of Bulgaria, and

Culture of Bulgaria

Main article: Culture of Bulgaria

Art in Bulgaria

Sports in Bulgaria

Main article: Sports in Bulgaria

Economy of Bulgaria

Main article: Economy of Bulgaria

Education in Bulgaria

Main article: Education in Bulgaria

Infrastructure of Bulgaria

See also


  1. Introduction to Bulgaria, Frommer's
  2. The Thracian tomb in Kazanluk

External links

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