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The Republic of Perumarker is a sovereign country located in western South America. Peru is bordered on the north by Ecuadormarker and Colombiamarker, on the east by Brazilmarker, on the southeast by Boliviamarker, on the south by Chilemarker, and on the west by the Pacific Oceanmarker.

Peruvian territory was home to the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, and to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.

Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions. Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific coast to the peaks of the Andes mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin. It is a developing country with a medium Human Development Index score and a poverty level around 40%. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing of products such as textiles.

The Peruvian population, estimated at 28 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, European, Africans and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Peru:

General reference

Geography of Peru

: 2,995 km
: 1,800 km
: 1,420 km
: 1,075 km
: 171 km
* Coastline: South Pacific Oceanmarker 2,414 km

Environment of Peru

Natural geographic features of Peru

Regions of Peru

Ecoregions of Peru

Main article: Ecoregions in Peru

Administrative divisions of Peru

Main article: Administrative divisions of Peru

Regions of Peru
Peru is divided into 25 regions and the province of Lima.

Provinces of Peru
Districts of Peru
Municipalities of Peru

Demography of Peru

Main article: Demographics of Peru

Neighbours of Peru

Peru is bordered by:

Government and politics of Peru

Main article: Government of Peru and Politics of Peru

Branches of the government of Peru

Executive branch of the government of Peru

Legislative branch of the government of Peru

Judicial branch of the government of Peru

Foreign relations of Peru

International organization membership

The Republic of Peru is a member of:

Law and order in Peru

Main article: Law of Peru

Military of Peru

Main article: Military of Peru

Local government in Peru

History of Peru

Main article: History of Peru, Timeline of the history of Peru, and

By period

By subject

By type of event

Culture of Peru

Main article: Culture of Peru

Art in Peru

Religion in Peru

Sports in Peru

Main article: Sports in Peru

Economy of Peru

Main article: Economy of Peru

Education in Peru

Main article: Education in Peru

Infrastructure of Peru

See also


External links


General reference


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