Owain ap Dafydd
(c. 1265 – c. 1325), de
Prince of Gwynedd (1287-c. 1325), was the younger
son of Dafydd ap Gruffydd the
last free ruler of Gwynedd and self-proclaimed Prince of Wales. Nothing is known of
his early life, though it is thought likely he accompanied his
father during periods of exile in England in the
Following the death of his uncle Llywelyn the Last
in late 1282 the
governance of Gwynedd was assumed by his father Dafydd ap Gruffudd.
He and his
father were captured together, after a struggle, close to Cadair Idris on 21 or 22 June 1283. Shortly after this Dafydd was brought to
Shrewsbury where he would be executed for treason in October.
the arrest of his elder brother Llywelyn on 29
June they were both escorted under guard out of Gwynedd via
Burnell to Bristol
Llywelyn would die in 1287 while Owain was
last reported to be alive in 1325 when he would have been in his
sixties. During much of his captivity at Bristol - and we must
assume the same treatment, or worse, for his brother - he was kept
in a cage to ensure there was no means of escape. Order from King
Edward I to the Constable of Bristol Castle, October 1305:
As the King wills that Owain son of Dafydd ap
Gruffudd, who is in the Constable’s custody in the castle, should
be kept more securely than he has been previously, he orders the
Constable to cause a strong house within the castle to be repaired
as soon as possible, and to make a wooden cage bound with iron in
that house in which Owain might be enclosed at night.
The exact date and circumstances of his death are not known. After
his death the de jure Prince of Gwynedd would have been
his cousin Thomas ap Rhodri.
Llewelyn ap Gruffudd, Prince of Wales (J. Beverley-Hughes,