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Oxford is a city in northwestern Butler Countymarker, Ohiomarker, United Statesmarker, in the southwestern portion of the state. It lies in Oxford Townshipmarker, originally called the College Township. The population was 21,943 at the 2000 census. This college town was founded as a home for Miami Universitymarker. Oxford is served by U.S. Route 27, Ohio State Route 732, and Ohio State Route 73.

Although Miamimarker was chartered in 1809, Oxford was laid out by James Heaton on March 29, 1810, by the Ohio General Assembly's order of February 6, 1810. It was established in R1ET5N of the Congress Lands in the southeast quarter of Section 22, the southwest corner of Section 23, the northwest corner of Section 26, and the northeast corner of Section 27. The original village, consisting of 128 lots, was incorporated on February 23, 1830. Oxford was elevated to town status in 1962 and to city status in 1971. Freedom Summer started with orientations at Western College in June 1964. This event is commemorated near the Kumler Chapel, Western Campus Miami Universitymarker.


As of the census of 2000, there were 21,943 people, 5,870 households, and 2,066 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,734.4 people per square mile (1,440.9/km²). There were 6,134 housing units at an average density of 1,043.9/sq mi (402.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.20% White, 4.32% African American, 0.17% Native American, 2.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.44% of the population.

There were 5,870 households out of which 16.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.8% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 64.8% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 8.3% under the age of 18, 66.8% from 18 to 24, 11.7% from 25 to 44, 8.4% from 45 to 64, and 4.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,164, and the median income for a family was $52,589. Males had a median income of $35,833 versus $24,637 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,165. About 13.4% of families and 43.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.8% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

The 21,943 population figure includes Miami University students. According to the university factbook enrollment for fall 2006 was 15,726 (although not all of those live in the city).

Historic population figures

  • 1900—2,009
  • 1910—2,017
  • 1920—2,146
  • 1930—2,588
  • 1940—2,756
  • 1950—6,944
  • 1960—7,828
  • 1970—15,868
  • 1980—17,655
  • 1990—19,013
  • 2000—21,943


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  • Higher level academic institutions
  • Public Schools
    • Talawanda School District Oxford's Talawanda School District was listed as one of the top 100 public school systems in the country by Offspring Magazine, a Forbes publication (Sep/Oct 2000). Sixty-one of the 100 districts listed were college town districts. Offspring worked with using student score criteria, cost of living, academic performance and academic expenditures to develop a more complete overview of school districts. The article said these are districts that give you the most return for your housing/K-12 public school education dollar.
  • Private Schools

Fraternity Headquarters

Oxford is home to the national offices of five Greek-letter organizations including the home office of the international business fraternity of Delta Sigma Pi, social sorority Delta Zeta and general fraternities, Phi Kappa Tau, Phi Delta Theta, and Beta Theta Pi. All but Delta Sigma Pi were founded at Miami University.

Notable people

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External links


  • Brent S. Barlow, W.H. Todhunter, Stephen D. Cone, Joseph J. Pater, and Frederick Schneider, eds. Centennial History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohiomarker: B.F. Bowen, 1905.
  • Jim Blount. The 1900s: 100 Years In the History of Butler County, Ohiomarker. Hamilton, Ohiomarker: Past Present Press, 2000.
  • Butler County Engineer's Office. Butler County Official Transportation Map, 2003. Fairfield Township, Butler County, Ohiomarker: The Office, 2003.
  • Miami University Factbook. [19443]
  • A History and Biographical Cyclopaedia of Butler County, Ohio with Illustrations and Sketches of Its Representative Men and Pioneers. Cincinnati, Ohiomarker: Western Biographical Publishing Company, 1882. [19444]
  • Ohio. Secretary of State. The Ohio municipal and township roster, 2002-2003. Columbus, Ohiomarker: The Secretary, 2003.
  • "The 100 Best School Districts in the U.S.", Offspring, September/October 2000.

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