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Looking down the hill at Père Lachaise
Père Lachaise Cemetery ( ; officially, cimetière de l'Est, "East Cemetery") is the largest cemetery in the city of Paris, France at (48 ha, 118.6 acres), though there are larger cemeteries in the city's suburbs.

Père Lachaise is one of the most famous cemeteries in the world. Located in the 20th arrondissementmarker, it is reputed to be the world's most-visited cemetery, attracting hundreds of thousands of visitors annually to the graves of those who have enhanced French life over the past 200 years. It is also the site of three World War I memorials.

Père Lachaise is located on Boulevard de Ménilmontant. Métro station Philippe Augustemarker on line 2 is next to the main entrance, while the station called Père Lachaisemarker, on line 3, is 500 metres away near a side entrance. Many tourists prefer the Gambettamarker station on line 3 as it allows them to enter near the tomb of Oscar Wilde and then walk downhill to visit the rest of the cemetery.

Origins

The cemetery takes its name from the confessor to Louis XIV, Père François de la Chaise (1624–1709), who lived in the Jesuit house rebuilt in 1682 on the site of the chapel. The property, situated on the hillside from which the king, during the Fronde, watched skirmishing between the Condé and Turenne, was bought by the city in 1804, laid out by Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, and later extended.

The monument honouring the French Brigadists.
The cemetery was established by Napoleon I in 1804. Cemeteries had been banned inside Paris in 1786, after the closure of the Saints Innocents Cemeterymarker (Cimetière des Innocents) on the fringe of Les Halles food market, on the grounds that it presented a health hazard. (This same health hazard also led to the creation of the famous Parisian catacombsmarker in the south of the city.) Several new cemeteries replaced the Parisian ones, outside the precincts of the capital: Montmartre Cemeterymarker in the north, Père Lachaise in the east, and Montparnasse Cemeterymarker in the south. At the heart of the city, in the shadow of the Eiffel Towermarker, is Passy Cemeterymarker.

At the time of its opening, the cemetery was considered to be situated too far from the city and attracted few funerals. Consequently, the administrators devised a marketing strategy and with great fanfare organised the transfer of the remains of La Fontaine and Molière, in 1804. Then, in another great spectacle in 1817, the purported remains of Pierre Abélard and Héloïse were also transferred to the cemetery with their monument's canopy made from fragments of the abbey of Nogent-sur-Seinemarker (by tradition, lovers or lovelorn singles leave letters at the crypt in tribute to the couple or in hope of finding true love) (see disputation).

This strategy achieved its desired effect when people began clamouring to be buried among the famous citizens. Records show that, within a few years, Père Lachaise went from containing a few dozen permanent residents to more than 33,000. Today there are over 300,000 bodies buried there, and many more in the columbarium, which holds the remains of those who had requested cremation.

The Communards' Wallmarker (Mur des Fédérés) is also located in the cemetery. This is the site where 147 Communards, the last defenders of the workers' district of Belleville, were shot on 28 May 1871 — the last day of the "Bloody Week" (Semaine Sanglante) in which the Paris Commune was crushed.

After that week, the cemetery gained a special importance to the political left in France, manifested in annual processions sometimes drawing tens or even hundreds of thousands of participants (some 600,000 in 1936) and led by the main leaders of the left parties and organizations. Various prominent left-wing leaders are buried in the vicinity, where a monument was also erected honouring the French Brigadists (volunteers in the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War).

Adolphe Thiers, widely blamed for the massacres of "Bloody Week," is an ironic resident of the cemetery. His tomb has occasionally been subject to vandalism.

Burials at Père Lachaise

Among those interred here are:

A

Grave of Francois Arago


B

Grave of Sarah Bernhardt


C

Grave of Jean-Francois Champollion


D

Cremated remains of Isadora Duncan in the Columbarium


E

Grave of Paul Eluard


F



G

Grave of Theodore Gericault


H



I



J



K

Grave of Francois Kellermann


L



M

Grave of Joachim Murat


N

Grave of Michel Ney


O



P

The grave of Édith Piaf


R

Grave of Georges Rodenbach


S

Grave of Louis Suchet


T



V



W



Z



See also



Gallery

Image:Entrée cimetière p lachaise.jpg|Main entrance of Père Lachaise CemeteryImage:Père_Lachaise_Necropolis.jpg|A winding path through the cemeteryImage:1 pere lachaise primavera.jpg|Père Lachaise Cemetery in springImage:Pere_Lachaise_Chemin_Errazu.jpg|Père Lachaise, Chemin ErrazuImage:Pere_Lachaise_Crematorium.jpg|Père Lachaise crematoriumImage:2 pere lachaise ilcentro1.jpg|Memorial to the deadImage:Jim-Morrison Pere Lachaise 2.jpg|Jim Morrison's graveImage:Grave of Proust, Père-Lachaise cemetary, Paris.JPG|Marcel Proust's graveImage:Georges Bizet Tomb 2.jpg|Georges Bizet's graveImage:Chopin.grave.Paris.JPG|Frédéric Chopin's graveImage:Perelachaise-VivantDenon-p1000350.jpg|Dominique Vivant, Baron de Denon's graveImage:Delacroix tomb.jpg|Eugène Delacroix's tombImage:Debalzac bust tomb.jpg|Honore de Balzac's bust and tombImage:Marie Trintignant.JPG| Tomb of Marie TrintignantImage:Perelachaise-Rossini-p1000343.jpg|Tomb of RossiniImage:050904 Paris 062 PèreLachaise-CinoDelDuca.JPG| Tomb of Cino Del DucaImage:Grave callas pere lachaise.jpg|Symbolical tomb of Maria CallasImage:Tombe de Michel Petrucciani.JPG|Tomb of Michel PetruccianiImage:Perelachaise-Colette-p1000342.jpg|Tomb of ColetteImage:IngresTomb.jpg|Tomb of Jean Auguste Dominique IngresImage:Perelachaise-Cherubini-p1000349.jpg|Tomb of Luigi CherubiniImage:Courteline-Pere-Lachaise.jpg|Tomb of Georges CourtelineImage:Tombe Bourdieu.JPG|Tomb of Pierre BourdieuImage:Tombe Allan Kardec.JPG|Tomb of Allan KardecImage:Sadeq-hedayat-le-pere-lacha.jpg|Tomb of Sadeq HedayatImage:Gholam-hossein-saedi.jpg|Tomb of Gholam Hossein SaediImage:Oscar Wilde tomb Jacob Epstein.jpg|Tomb of Oscar WildeImage:HENRI SALVADOR PERE LACHAISE.JPG|Tomb of Henri Salvador and his wife Jacqueline SalvadorImage:MOLIERE PERE LACHAISE.JPG|Tomb of MoliereImage:GayLussacGrave.JPG|Tomb of Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac


References

  1. New York Times travel article
  2. New York Times: Jim Morrison's Fans Keep His Fire Alight. December 9, 1993.


External links




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