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Pēteris Stučka, sometimes spelt Pyotr Ivanovich Stuchka ( , (in contemporary writings); b. in Koknese parishmarker, Governorate of Livonia — d. January 25, 1932 in Moscowmarker) was the head of the Bolshevik government in Latviamarker during the Latvian War of Independence, one of the leaders of the New Current movement in the late 19th century, a prolific writer and translator, an editor of major Latvian and Russian socialist and communist newspapers and periodicals, a prominent jurist and educator, and the first president of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Unionmarker. Stučka's wife, Dora Pliekšāne (1870–1950), was the sister of the Latvian poet Rainis (Jānis Pliekšāns), with whom Stučka shared a room during their law studies at St. Petersburg University.

In the USSR during the 1920s, Stučka was one of the main Soviet legal theoreticians who promoted the "revolutionary" or "proletarian" model of socialist legality.

After his death in 1932, Stučka's remains were interred amongst those of other Communist dignitaries in the Kremlin Wall Necropolismarker, near Lenin's Mausoleummarker in Moscow's Red Squaremarker.

Places and organizations named in honour of Stučka

  • During the Soviet period, from 1958 to 1990, the University of Latvia was officially known as Pēteris Stučka Latvian State University ( ).
  • The town of Aizkrauklemarker was named Stučka, after Pēteris Stučka, from the time when it was established in 1960s until the fall of Communism in 1991, when it was renamed Aizkraukle.
  • In the GDRmarker, Polytechnical Secondary School No. 55 ( ) in Rostockmarker was named "Peter Stucka" in honour of the Latvian Communist.


A comprehensive bibliography of the works by and about Stučka, with explanatory material in both Latvian and Russian, is:

Further reading

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