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Płock ( /Plotsk) is a city in central Polandmarker, on the Vistula river, with 131,011 inhabitants. It is located in the Masovian Voivodeshipmarker (since 1999), having previously been the capital of the Płock Voivodeship (1975-1998). It now is a capital of a Powiat (county) at the extreme west of the Mazovian Voivodeship.

History

Tumskie Hill featuring Płock Castle
Its 12th century beautiful cathedral contains the tombs of Władysław I Herman (died 1102) and Bolesław III Wrymouth (died 1138) - kings of Poland. They are buried in the Masovian Blessed Virgin Mary Cathedralmarker in Płock. Płock was the capital city of Poland during their reign (1079-1138). It was also a seat of several of the Dukes of Masovia and one of the capitals of that state.

Jews

The Jewish presence in Płock dates back many centuries, probably to 1400. In 1938, almost 25% of the population was Jewish, making Płock one of the cities in Poland with the highest proportional Jewish presence. The Jewish population of Płock was destroyed during the Shoah.

Religious significance

Mariavites

This site is the main seat of the Mariavite bishops. Their most important church was built here in the beginning of 20th century - it is called Temple of Mercy and Charity and is situated in a pleasant garden on the hill on which the historical centre of Płock is built, near the Vistula river.

Economy

The main industry is oil refining. The country's largest oil refinery, (Plock refinery) and parent company, PKN Orlen is located there; it is served by a large pipeline leading from Russiamarker to Germanymarker. There are several industrial activities connected with the refinery, such as servicing and construction. There is also a Levi Strauss & Co.factory in Płock.

Education

  • Szkoła Wyższa im. Pawła Włodkowica
  • Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa w Płocku
  • Płock Campus of Warsaw University of Technologymarker
  • LO im. Marszałka Stanisława Małachowskiego w Płocku - the oldest school in Poland
  • LO im. Wladysława Jagiełły w Płocku
  • III LO im. Marii Dąbrowskiej w Płocku


Transport

Routes



Mass transit

Buses

Bus service covers the entire city, with 41 routes.



Bridges in Płock



Sport

  • Wisła Płock - football team (1st league in season 2003/2004)
  • Wisła Płock - handball team (repeated Polish Champion and repeated winner Cup of Poland)


Politics

Płock constituency

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Płock constituency
  • Łukasz Abgarowicz, PO
  • Wojciech Jasiński, PiS
  • Zbigniew Komorowski, PSL
  • Aleksandra Łuszczyńska, SLD-UP
  • Aldona Michalak, SLD-UP
  • Waldemar Pawlak, PSL
  • Jerzy Pękała, Samoobrona
  • Andrzej Piłat, SLD-UP
  • Zbigniew Siemiątkowski, SLD-UP
  • Benedykt Suchecki, SLD-UP


International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Płock is twinned with:


Gallery

File:Plock Castle.JPG|Płock CastleFile:Ratusz-plock.jpg|City HallFile:Fara-Płock.JPG|St. Bartholomew's ChurchFile:Tumska.jpg|Tumska StreetFile:Wojciech Gerson-Widok Plocka.jpg|View of Plock in 1852 (Wojciech Gerson)File:POL Płock, Muzeum Mazowieckie.jpg|Mazovian MuseumFile:Płock most Solidarności.jpg|Solidarity bridgeFile:Plock Synagogue.JPG|The small synagogue in Kwiatka StreetFile:Amfiteatr-plock.jpg|AmphitheatreFile:Papiezplock.jpg|Monument to Pope John Paul IIfile:Temple of Mercy and Charity.jpg| an old photograph of the The Temple of Mercy and Charity



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