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PFC Cherno More Varna ( ) or simply Cherno More ( ) is a Bulgarianmarker professional football club from the city of Varnamarker, which currently competes in Bulgaria's top football league, A PFG. The club was officially founded on February 18, 1945, when the two teams from the city FC Vladislav (1916) and SC Ticha (1913) merged together into a new club. Cherno More's home ground is the Ticha Stadiummarker, which has a seating capacity of 12,500 spectators. To date, the club has won the championship four times and has been a runner-up for the Bulgarian Cup twice.

Honours

Domestic

Bulgarian A PFG:
  • Winners (4): 1925, 1926 (as Ticha Varna)
    1934, 1938 (as Vladislav Varna)


  • Runners-up (3): 1935, 1936, 1938 (as Ticha Varna)


  • Third place (2): 1954, 2009


Bulgarian Cup:
  • Runners-up (2): 2006, 2008


International

Bucharest Cup:
  • Winners (1): 1925 (as Ticha Varna)


History

Early years

Оn March 3, 1910, Varnamarker's naval academy for men became the birth place of association football in the country. Here is created the Galata sports association, which later on, in 1913, by the suggestion of a school teacher named Karel Shkorpil, changed its name to Reka Ticha, using the former name of the Kamchia river. Over the next years, it slowly combined with the Sportist sports club and grew into an association of the education, a sports club and the tourism in Varna. The football department of the sports club dominated against all of the clubs in the city, whose existence is quite short. Soon, the first official football match of Ticha, played in 1915, with the 21st Pomeranski polk is a success, and 2 years later, in 1917, so is the first inter-city match. The growth of Bulgarian football required knowledge of the rules, so in 1919, Ticha published for the first time in Bulgariamarker the book: "Football - rules and admonitions".

Significant were the first meetings between Ticha and the capital teams. In early 1919, the first away game against Levski Sofia was celebrated with the first away victory for the team - 4:1. The same went for Slavia Sofia, a 3:0 win. On the return game as guests, the players again won easy against Slavia Sofia with 1:0. Unfortunately, the game with Levski Sofia didn't take place, because the city mayor didn't allow it, since there were protests from dock workers the same day. However, these victories against the capital teams were continued not only by Ticha, but from the city rivals Vladislav and Shipchenski Sokol as well.

On January 21, 1919, the association changed its name to Sports Club Ticha, and the kit colours of the outfit were chosen to be red and white. The same year, the famous Bulgarian musician Nikola Nitsov wrote the official anthem of the club.

In 1925, the international successes came nearby. SC Ticha won the Cup of Bucharest, the first international football trophy won by a football club from Bulgariamarker. The European matches of Ticha easily earned the 1st place of favor among most of the football fans in Varna. The same and the following year, SC Ticha made another remarkable achievement, twice winning the football title of Bulgaria. A few years later, the club managed to finish in 2nd place in the 1934/35 and in the 1935/36 season. Soon, in 1937, the football governing body in the country created the National Football Division. Several reforms were made in the football clubs, but during the two half-seasons in 1937/38, Ticha dominated and it was one of the best football teams in Bulgariamarker, despite finishing the table in the 2nd place at the end of the season.

The establishment

In 1945, the two former city club rivals, SC Ticha and FC Vladislav merged together to establish a new club, named TVP-45 (a few years later SC Primorec was also invited to join TV-45 so the name of the association was changed to "TVP".). This marked the creation of a new sports association, which met the development requirements of the leading communist authorities at that time. In the following years, due to these requirements, the club's name was forced to be changed several times to Botev pri DNA (1949-1950), VMS (1950-1955), SCNA (1956-1957), ASC Botev Varna (1957-1959).

In 1953, VMS, won most of the matches with the capital teams, and finally managed to finish the season in the 3rd place and to participate in the European club competitions.

In 1959, the football club changed its name to Cherno More (The Bulgarian name of the Black Seamarker), which is known by this name to present date. The recently appointed new coach Ivan Mokanov managed to put together a stable team, which starting line-up was constant, as much in the field, as in their love for the association. These years, many friendly club matches were made and famous football clubs came to Varna in order to compare skills, giving Cherno More's players more experience and self-confidence. One of these matches, was the remarkable victory against AFC Ajax in 1966, won with 3:1, in which the young Johan Cruijff took participation.

Many players from that Cherno More generation founded place among the different national teams. The national jersey have put on Ivan Ivanov, Nikola Dimitrov, Zdravko Mitev, Stefan Bogomilov, Damyan Georgiev, while others made just the bench. Then followed years of planting roots in the youth academy, which produced talented competitors, worthy of their ancestors. The successes came in the Republican League, where the youth teams, minors, juveniles, and seniors were always in the final stage of the competitions.

Recent years

In the 2007-08 season, the sailors finished 5th in A PFG and qualified for the last season of the UEFA Cup, due to the license problems of CSKA Sofia. Lead by their captain Alex they had a very successful run - they defeated UE Sant Julia from Andoramarker in the first qualifying round (9-0 on aggregate) and Maccabi Netanya from Israelmarker in the second qualifying round (3-1 on aggregate). Cherno More than challenged German side VfB Stuttgart in the 1st round and were eliminated after a 1-2 loss at home and a suprising 2-2 draw in Stuttgartmarker. The same season in the domestic league was also very successful for the team, which finished 3rd in A PFG, and qualified for the newly created Europa League.

Cherno More started the new 2009-10 season with the debut of the team in the UEFA Europa League. The sailors defeated Iskra-Stal in the second qualifying round (4-0 on aggregate) and were drawn to play against the Dutchmarker powerhouse PSV Eindhovenin the third qualifying round. Unfortunately, the team from Varna was eliminated after a 0-1 loss at Eindhovenmarker and another 0-1 loss at the Lazur Stadiummarker in Burgasmarker.

Recent Seasons

Season Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Notes
1998-1999 B PFG 7 30 11 8 11 39 29 41 1st round
1999-2000 B PFG 1 30 22 5 3 77 26 71 1/8 Promoted
2000-2001 A PFG 10 26 7 5 14 20 49 26 1/8
2001-2002 A PFG 12 26 6 6 14 28 36 24 1/8
2002-2003 A PFG 5 26 14 6 6 42 21 48 1/8
2003-2004 A PFG 6 30 10 8 12 45 53 38 1/8
2004-2005 A PFG 8 30 10 5 15 30 38 35 1/16
2005-2006 A PFG 8 28 10 7 11 29 27 37 Runner-up
2006-2007 A PFG 6 30 14 5 11 37 29 47 1/8
2007-2008 A PFG 5 30 13 9 8 40 26 48 Runner-up
2008-2009 A PFG 3 30 18 6 6 48 19 63 1/16


European cup history

Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
2007 UEFA Intertoto Cup 2R Makedonija GP 4-0 3-0 7-0
3R U.C. Sampdoria 0-1 0-1 0-2
2008/09 UEFA Cup 1Q UE Sant Julia 4-0 5-0 9-0
2Q Maccabi Netanya 2-0 1-1 3-1
1 VfB Stuttgart 1-2 2-2 3-4
2009/10 UEFA Europa League 2Q Iskra-Stal 1-0 3-0 4-0
3Q PSV Eindhoven 0-1 0-1 0-2


Stadium



Ticha Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Varnamarker, Bulgariamarker. It is currently used for football matches and is the home ground of Cherno More. It is situated in the north-eastern part of Varna. Built in 1968, the stadium currently has around 12,000 seating places.

It was officially announced, that the club will move to a new stadiummarker, which will replace the unused Yuri Gagarin Stadiummarker and the current Ticha. The stadium will have a capacity of 30,000 spectators. The stadium, as part of Sport Complex Varna, will have an underground parking area, convertible roof covers, office lounges, two-tier stands and four 50 meter towers, which will block the pressure of the terrain and bring the stadium in a shape of a ship. The convertible roof covers will be made of transparent panels, which will allow the light of the floodlights to stream inside the pitch on a night match. The venue will be awarded with an Elite Stadium rating by UEFA.

Statistics and Records

Todor Marev holds A PFG's and Cherno More's overall appearances record — 422 matches for 19 seasons (from 1971 to 1990).

Cherno More's all-time leading scorer is Stefan Bogomilov, who scored 162 goals for the club (from 1962 to 1977). The club's second highest scorer is Nikola Dimitrov, who scored 63 goals. Bogomilov also holds the club record of 4 hat tricks. Brazilian player Marcos Da Silva holds the club's and A PFG's record for the fastest goal - 12 seconds after the referee's first signal, against PFC Chernomorets Burgas Sofia on April 6, 2007.

Cherno More's biggest victories in A PFG are the 8-0 wins against Cherveno Zname Pavlikeni in 1955 and Maritsa Plovdiv in 1968. Cherno More's largest defeat, 1–8, was against Lokomotiv Plovdiv in 2004.Also, the club's win against UE Sant Julia, 5-0, in 2008, was the largest European win in the club's history.

Rank Name Nat Apps
1 Todor Marev 422
2 Stefan Bogomilov 353
3 Dimitar Bosnov 343
4 Zdravko Mitev 269
5 Todor Atanasov 258


Rank Name Nat Goals
1 Stefan Bogomilov 162
2 Nikola Dimitrov 63
3 Rafi Rafiev 62
4 Zdravko Mitev 61
5 Damyan Georgiev 56


Current squad

As of November 8, 2009

For recent transfers, see List of Bulgarian football transfers summer 2009.

Coaches history

Coach Nat From To
Ivan Mokanov 1948 1960
Lozan Kotsev 1960 1962
Manol Manolov 1962 1963
Ivan Mokanov 1964 1968
Georgi Dimitrov 1968 1972
Spas Kirov 1972 1974
Stoyan Ormandzhiev 1974 1975
Georgi Dimitrov 1975 1976
Kiril Rakarov 1976 1977
Ivan Vasilev 1977 1979
Ivan Mokanov 1979 1980
Ivan Vasilev 1980 1981
Spas Kirov 1981 1983
Todor Velikov 1983 1985
Bozhil Kolev 1985 1989
Todor Velikov 1989 1990
Kevork Tahmisyan 1990 1991
Todor Velikov 1991 1992


Coach Nat From To
Bozhil Kolev 1992 1994
Vachko Marinov 1994 1995
Nikola Spasov 1995 1996
Asen Milushev 1996 1996
Damyan Georgiev 1996 1996
Tsonyo Vasilev 1997 1997
Todor Marev 1997 1997
Lyudmil Goranov 1997 1997
Rudi Minkovski 1997 1998
Svetozar Svetozarov 1998 1999
Radi Zdravkov 1999 2000
Bozhil Kolev 2000 2001
Aleksandar Stankov 2001 2002
Velislav Vutsov 2002 2004
Ilian Iliev 2004 2006
Yasen Petrov 2006 2007
Nikola Spasov 2007 2009
Velizar Popov 2009


Notable players



References

External links

Official websites


Supporters websites



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