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The PGA Championship (sometimes referred to as the U.S. PGA Championship outside of North America) is an annual golf tournament conducted by the PGA of America as part of the PGA Tour. It is one of the four major championships in professional golf, and it is the golf season's final major, usually played in mid-August (customarily four weeks after the British Open, but it was advanced a week in 2007 and 2008 because of local scheduling conflicts). Due to its distinction as the season's final major, the PGA Championship is nicknamed "Glory's last shot". It is an official money event on the PGA Tour, the European Tour, and the Japan Golf Tour, with a purse of $7.5 million in 2008.

In line with the other majors, winning "The PGA" gives a golfer several privileges which make his career much more secure, if he is not already one of the elite players of the sport. PGA champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (Mastersmarker, U.S. Open, and British Open) for the next five years, and are exempt from qualifying for the PGA Championship for life. They also receive membership on the PGA Tour for the following five seasons and invitations to The Players Championship for five years.

The PGA Championship has been held at a large number of venues, some of the early ones now quite obscure, but currently it is usually staged by one of a small group of celebrated courses, each of which has also hosted several other leading events.

History

In 1894, although there were only 41 golf courses in the United States, two unofficial national amateur championships took place, one at Newport and the other at St.Andrew's Golf Club in Westchester County. St. Andrews conducted an Open championship for professionals at the same time as the amateur. These championships were not sanctioned by any governing body for American golf, and caused considerable controversy. This led to the formation of the United States Golf Association in 1894, after which the sport quickly became one of national popularity and importance.

In February 1916 the Professional Golfers Association was established in New York City. One month earlier, the wealthy department store owner Rodman Wanamaker hosted a luncheon at the Wykagyl Country Clubmarker in New Rochellemarker. This gathering of Wanamaker and the leading golf professionals of the day prepared the agenda for the formal organization of the PGA in New York City a month later. The organizations first president was Robert White, one of Wykagyl's best known golf professionals of the time. Golf historians have dubbed Wykagyl "The Cradle of the PGA".

The first PGA Championship was held in 1916 at Siwanoy Country Club in Eastchestermarker, New Yorkmarker. The winner, Jim Barnes, received $500 and a diamond studded gold medal donated by Rodman Wanamaker. The 2009 winner, Yang Yong-eun, earned $1.35 million. The champion is also awarded the Wanamaker Trophy, which was also donated by Wanamaker.

Initially a match play event, the tournament changed to stroke play in 1958. Network broadcasters, preferring a large group of well-known contenders on the final day, are sometimes accused of pressuring tournament organizers to make the format change.

In 1971, the PGA was played in February in Florida, as the first major of the calendar year. Prior to the 1960s, the tournament was often played in late July, the week following the British Open, making it difficult for players to compete in both majors.

Qualification

The PGA Championship was established for the purpose of providing a high-profile tournament specifically for professional golfers at a time when they were generally not held in high esteem in a sport that was largely run by wealthy amateurs. This origin is still reflected in the entry system for the Championship. It is the only major which does not explicitly invite leading amateurs to compete (it is possible for amateurs to get into the field, although the only viable way is by winning one of the other major championships), and the only one which reserves a large number of places, 20 of 156, for club professionals. These slots are determined by the top finishers in theclub pro championship, which is held in June.

Since 1968, the PGA Tour has been independent of the PGA of America. The PGA Tour is an elite organization of tournament professionals, but the PGA Championship is still run by the PGA of America, which is mainly a body for club and teaching professionals. The PGA Championship is the only major that does not explicitly grant entry to the top 50 players in the Official World Golf Rankings, although it invariably invites all of the top 100 (not just top 50) players who are not already qualified.

List of qualification criteria:
  • All former PGA Champions.
  • Winners of the last five U.S. Opens.
  • Winners of the last five Masters.
  • Winners of the last five Open Championships.
  • The last Senior PGA Champion.
  • The low 15 scorers and ties in the previous PGA Championship.
  • The 20 low scorers in the last PGA Professional National Championship.
  • The 70 leaders in official money standings on the PGA Tour (starting one week prior to the previous year's PGA Championship and ending two weeks prior to the current year's PGA Championship).
  • Members of the most recent United States Ryder Cup Team.
  • Winners of tournaments co-sponsored or approved by the PGA Tour since the previous PGA Championship (does not include pro-am and team competitions).
  • The PGA of America reserves the right to invite additional players not included in the categories listed above.
  • The total field is a maximum of 156 players. Vacancies are filled by the first available player from the list of alternates (those below 70th place in official money standings).


Winners

Stroke play era winners

Year Champion Country Venue Location of venue Winner's Score
2009 Yang Yong-eun Hazeltine National Golf Clubmarker Chaska, Minnesotamarker 73-70-67-70=280 (−8)
2008 Pádraig Harrington Oakland Hills Country Clubmarker, South Course Bloomfield Township, Michiganmarker 71-74-66-66=277 (−3)
2007 Tiger Woods (4) Southern Hills Country Clubmarker Tulsa, Oklahomamarker 71-63-69-69=272 (−8)
2006 Tiger Woods (3) Medinah Country Clubmarker, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinoismarker 69-68-65-68=270 (−18)
2005 Phil Mickelson Baltusrol Golf Clubmarker, Lower Course Springfield, New Jerseymarker 67-65-72-72=276 (−4)
2004 Vijay Singh (2) Whistling Straits, Straits Course Kohler, Wisconsinmarker 67-68-69-76=280 (−8)
2003 Shaun Micheel Oak Hill Country Clubmarker, East Course Rochester, New Yorkmarker 69-68-69-70=276 (−4)
2002 Rich Beem Hazeltine National Golf Clubmarker Chaska, Minnesotamarker 72-66-72-68=278 (−10)
2001 David Toms Atlanta Athletic Clubmarker, Highlands Course Duluth, Georgiamarker 66-65-65-69=265 (−15)
2000 Tiger Woods (2) Valhalla Golf Clubmarker Louisville, Kentuckymarker 66-67-70-67=270 (−18)
1999 Tiger Woods Medinah Country Clubmarker, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinoismarker 70-67-68-72=277 (−11)
1998 Vijay Singh Sahalee Country Clubmarker Sammamish, Washingtonmarker 70-66-67-68=271 (−9)
1997 Davis Love III Winged Foot Golf Clubmarker, West Course Mamaroneck, New Yorkmarker 66-71-66-66=269 (−11)
1996 Mark Brooks Valhalla Golf Clubmarker Louisville, Kentuckymarker 68-70-69-70=277 (−11)
1995 Steve Elkington Riviera Country Club Pacific Palisades, Californiamarker 68-67-68-64=267 (−17)
1994 Nick Price (2) Southern Hills Country Clubmarker Tulsa, Oklahomamarker 67-65-70-67=269 (−11)
1993 Paul Azinger Inverness Clubmarker Toledo, Ohiomarker 69-66-69-68=272 (−12)
1992 Nick Price Bellerive Country Clubmarker St. Louis, Missourimarker 70-70-68-70=278 (−6)
1991 John Daly Crooked Stick Golf Clubmarker Carmel, Indianamarker 69-67-69-71=276 (−12)
1990 Wayne Grady Shoal Creek Golf and Country Club Birmingham, Alabamamarker 72-67-72-71=282 (−6)
1989 Payne Stewart Kemper Lakes Golf Club Long Grove, Illinoismarker 74-66-69-67=276 (−12)
1988 Jeff Sluman Oak Tree Golf Club Edmond, Oklahomamarker 69-70-68-65=272 (−12)
1987 Larry Nelson (2) PGA National Resort & Spa Palm Beach Gardens, Floridamarker 70-72-73-72=287 (−1)
1986 Bob Tway Inverness Clubmarker Toledo, Ohiomarker 72-70-64-70=276 (−8)
1985 Hubert Green Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Coloradomarker 67-69-70-72=278 (−10)
1984 Lee Trevino (2) Shoal Creek Golf and Country Club Birmingham, Alabamamarker 69-68-67-69=273 (−15)
1983 Hal Sutton Riviera Country Club Pacific Palisades, Californiamarker 65-66-72-71=274 (−10)
1982 Raymond Floyd (2) Southern Hills Country Clubmarker Tulsa, Oklahomamarker 63-69-68-72=272 (−8)
1981 Larry Nelson Atlanta Athletic Clubmarker, Highlands Course Duluth, Georgiamarker 70-66-66-71=273 (−7)
1980 Jack Nicklaus (5) Oak Hill Country Clubmarker, East Course Rochester, New Yorkmarker 70-69-66-69=274 (−6)
1979 David Graham Oakland Hills Country Clubmarker, South Course Bloomfield Township, Michigan 69-68-70-65=272 (−8)
1978 John Mahaffey Oakmont Country Clubmarker Oakmont, Pennsylvaniamarker 75-67-68-66=276 (−8)
1977 Lanny Wadkins Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, Californiamarker 69-71-72-70=282 (−6)
1976 Dave Stockton (2) Congressional Country Clubmarker, Blue Course Bethesda, Marylandmarker 70-72-69-70=281 (+1)
1975 Jack Nicklaus (4) Firestone Country Club, South Course Akron, Ohiomarker 70-68-67-71=276 (−4)
1974 Lee Trevino Tanglewood Park, Championship Course Clemmons, North Carolinamarker 73-66-68-69=276 (−4)
1973 Jack Nicklaus (3) Canterbury Golf Clubmarker Beachwood, Ohiomarker 72-68-68-69=277 (−7)
1972 Gary Player (2) Oakland Hills Country Clubmarker, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michiganmarker 71-71-67-72=281 (+1)
1971 Jack Nicklaus (2) PGA National Golf Club Palm Beach Gardens, Floridamarker 69-69-70-73=281 (−7)
1970 Dave Stockton Southern Hills Country Clubmarker Tulsa, Oklahomamarker 70-70-66-73=279 (−1)
1969 Raymond Floyd NCR Country Club, South Course Dayton, Ohiomarker 69-66-67-74=276 (−8)
1968 Julius Boros Pecan Valley Golf Club San Antonio, Texasmarker 71-71-70-69=281 (+1)
1967 Don January Columbine Country Club Columbine Valley, Coloradomarker 71-72-70-68=281 (−7)
1966 Al Geiberger Firestone Country Club, South Course Akron, Ohiomarker 68-72-68-72=280 (E)
1965 Dave Marr Laurel Valley Golf Clubmarker Ligonier, Pennsylvaniamarker 70-69-70-71=280 (−4)
1964 Bobby Nichols Columbus Country Club Columbus, Ohiomarker 64-71-69-67=271 (−9)
1963 Jack Nicklaus Dallas Athletic Club, Blue Course Dallas, Texasmarker 69-73-69-68=279 (−5)
1962 Gary Player Aronimink Golf Clubmarker Newtown Square, Pennsylvaniamarker 72-67-69-70=278 (−2)
1961 Jerry Barber Olympia Fields Country Clubmarker Olympia Fields, Illinoismarker 69-67-71-70=277 (−3)
1960 Jay Hebert Firestone Country Club, South Course Akron, Ohiomarker 72-67-72-70=281 (+1)
1959 Bob Rosburg Minneapolis Golf Club Minneapolis, Minnesotamarker 71-72-68-66=277 (−3)
1958 Dow Finsterwald Llanerch Country Club Havertown, Pennsylvaniamarker 67-72-70-67=276 (−4)


Playoff runner-up:
  1. "Wykagyl, 1898-1998"; Desmond Tollhurst and John Barban;Pages. 28,29,30
  2. "Wykagyl, 1898-1998"; Desmond Tollhurst and John Barban;Pages. 1-2
  3. Chris DiMarco and Justin Leonard (both United States)
  4. Bob May (United States)
  5. Kenny Perry (United States)
  6. Colin Montgomerie (Scotland)
  7. Greg Norman (Australia)
  8. Lanny Wadkins (United States)
  9. Ben Crenshaw (United States)
  10. Tom Watson and Jerry Pate (both United States)
  11. Gene Littler (United States)
  12. Don Massengale (United States)
  13. Don January (United States)


Match play era winners

Year Champion Country Runner-up Margin Venue Location of venue
1957 Lionel Hebert Dow Finsterwald 2 & 1 Miami Valley Golf Club Dayton, Ohiomarker
1956 Jack Burke, Jr. Ted Kroll 3 & 2 Blue Hill Country Club Canton, Massachusettsmarker
1955 Doug Ford Cary Middlecoff 4 & 3 Meadowbrook Country Club Detroit, Michiganmarker
1954 Chick Harbert Walter Burkemo 4 & 3 Keller Golf Club Saint Paul, Minnesotamarker
1953 Walter Burkemo Felice Torza 2 & 1 Birmingham Country Club Birmingham, Michiganmarker
1952 Jim Turnesa Chick Harbert 1 up Big Spring Country Club Louisville, Kentuckymarker
1951 Sam Snead (3) Walter Burkemo 7 & 6 Oakmont Country Clubmarker Oakmont, Pennsylvaniamarker
1950 Chandler Harper Henry Williams, Jr. 4 & 3 Scioto Country Club Columbus, Ohiomarker
1949 Sam Snead (2) Johnny Palmer 3 & 2 Hermitage Country Club Richmond, Virginiamarker
1948 Ben Hogan (2) Mike Turnesa 7 & 6 Norwood Hills Country Clubmarker St. Louis, Missourimarker
1947 Jim Ferrier Chick Harbert 2 & 1 Plum Hollow Country Club Detroit, Michiganmarker
1946 Ben Hogan Ed Oliver 6 & 4 Portland Golf Club Portland, Oregonmarker
1945 Byron Nelson (2) Sam Byrd 4 & 3 Moraine Country Club Dayton, Ohiomarker
1944 Bob Hamilton Byron Nelson 1 up Manito Golf and Country Club Spokane, Washingtonmarker
1943 Not held due to World War II
1942 Sam Snead Jim Turnesa 2 & 1 Seaview Country Club Atlantic City, New Jerseymarker
1941 Vic Ghezzi Byron Nelson 38 holes Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Coloradomarker
1940 Byron Nelson Sam Snead 1 up Hershey Country Clubmarker, West Course Hershey, Pennsylvaniamarker
1939 Henry Picard Byron Nelson 37 holes Pomonok Country Clubmarker Flushing, New York
1938 Paul Runyan (2) Sam Snead 8 & 7 The Shawnee Inn & Golf Resort Smithfield Township, Pennsylvaniamarker
1937 Denny Shute (2) Harold McSpaden 37 holes Pittsburgh Field Club O'Hara Township, Pennsylvaniamarker
1936 Denny Shute Jimmy Thomson 3 & 2 Pinehurst Resortmarker, No. 2 Course Pinehurst, North Carolinamarker
1935 Johnny Revolta Tommy Armour 5 & 4 Twin Hills Golf & Country Club Oklahoma City, Oklahomamarker
1934 Paul Runyan Craig Wood 38 holes The Park Country Club Williamsville, New Yorkmarker
1933 Gene Sarazen (3) Willie Goggin 5 & 4 Blue Mound Golf & Country Club Wauwatosa, Wisconsinmarker
1932 Olin Dutra Frank Walsh 4 & 3 Keller Golf Club Saint Paul, Minnesotamarker
1931 Tom Creavy Denny Shute 2 & 1 Wannamoisett Country Club Rumford, Rhode Islandmarker
1930 Tommy Armour ^ Gene Sarazen 1 up Fresh Meadow Country Clubmarker Great Neck, New Yorkmarker
1929 Leo Diegel (2) Johnny Farrell 6 & 4 Hillcrest Country Club Los Angeles, Californiamarker
1928 Leo Diegel Al Espinosa 6 & 5 Baltimore Country Club, East Course Timonium, Marylandmarker
1927 Walter Hagen (5) Joe Turnesa 1 up Cedar Crest Country Club Dallas, Texasmarker
1926 Walter Hagen (4) Leo Diegel 5 & 3 Salisbury Golf Club, Red Course East Meadow, New Yorkmarker
1925 Walter Hagen (3) Bill Mehlhorn 6 & 5 Olympia Fields Country Clubmarker Olympia Fields, Illinoismarker
1924 Walter Hagen (2) Jim Barnes 2 up French Lick Springs Resort, Hill Course French Lick, Indianamarker
1923 Gene Sarazen (2) Walter Hagen 38 holes Pelham Country Clubmarker Pelham Manor, New Yorkmarker
1922 Gene Sarazen Emmet French 4 & 3 Oakmont Country Clubmarker Oakmont, Pennsylvaniamarker
1921 Walter Hagen Jim Barnes 3 & 2 Inwood Country Clubmarker Inwood, New Yorkmarker
1920 Jock Hutchison ^ J. Douglas Edgar 1 up Flossmoor Country Club Flossmoor, Illinoismarker
1919 Jim Barnes (2) ^ Fred McLeod 6 & 5 Engineers Country Clubmarker Roslyn Harbor, New Yorkmarker
1917-1918: Not held due to World War I
1916 Jim Barnes ^ Jock Hutchison 1 up Siwanoy Country Club Eastchester, New Yorkmarker
^ These players were British born, but they were based in the United States when they won the PGA Championship, and they became U.S. citizens:
  • Tommy Armour - Born in Scotland but moved to the U.S. in the early 1920s and became a U.S. citizen at that time.
  • Jock Hutchison - Born in Scotland. He became a U.S. citizen in 1917.
  • Jim Barnes - Born in England. Moved to the United States in 1906 and may have become a U.S. citizen as early as 1907, but this is unconfirmed.


Match play era details

The table below lists the field sizes and qualification methods for the match play era. All rounds were played over 36 holes except as noted in the table. [31672]

Years Field Size Qualification 18 hole rounds
1916–21 32 sectional*
1922 64 sectional 1st round
1923 64 sectional
1924–34 32 36 hole qualifier
1935–41 64 36 hole qualifier 1st two rounds
1942–45 32 36 hole qualifier
1946–55 64 36 hole qualifier 1st two rounds
1956 128 sectional 1st five rounds
1957 128 sectional 1st five rounds, consolation matches (3rd-8th place)
* In 1921, the field consisted of the defending champion and the top 31 finishers at the U.S. Open.

Records



Future tournament sites



Notes

  1. "Wykagyl, 1898-1998"; Desmond Tollhurst and John Barban;Pages. 28,29,30
  2. "Wykagyl, 1898-1998"; Desmond Tollhurst and John Barban;Pages. 1-2
  3. Chris DiMarco and Justin Leonard (both United States)
  4. Bob May (United States)
  5. Kenny Perry (United States)
  6. Colin Montgomerie (Scotland)
  7. Greg Norman (Australia)
  8. Lanny Wadkins (United States)
  9. Ben Crenshaw (United States)
  10. Tom Watson and Jerry Pate (both United States)
  11. Gene Littler (United States)
  12. Don Massengale (United States)
  13. Don January (United States)


External links




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