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Philips Sport Vereniging (English: Philips Sports Union), widely known either as PSV or PSV Eindhoven, is a Dutch sports club from Eindhovenmarker, Netherlandsmarker. It is best known for its professional football department.

PSV is one of three European Cup winning football clubs in Netherlands, the other two being AFC Ajax and Feyenoord. The club won the European Cup in 1988 (against Benfica) - making them the second Dutch club after Ajax to win The Treble - and the UEFA Cup in 1978 (against SC Bastia). They are often nicknamed Boeren (Dutch for farmers/peasants) in reference to their original provincial city origins.

History

As its name indicates, the club started out as a works team for employees of electronics conglomerate Philips on 31 August (then Koninginnedag), 1913 to celebrate the centennial defeat of the French in the Napoleonic wars. PSV's home stadium, the Philips Stadionmarker, was built at the same time as the inauguration of the club, although its current capacity was achieved by renovations and improvements over the years.

Because of their close ties with Philips, PSV have had the same jersey sponsor without exception since 1982, the year jersey sponsorships were introduced in the Eredivisie. This is a record in Dutch football.

PSV garnered many honours in the football arena and have been credited as the club where many successful players such as Ruud Gullit, Romário, Ronaldo, Luc Nilis, Jaap Stam, and Ruud van Nistelrooy made their name. Their success was built on the foundations laid down by other famous players like Willy van der Kuijlen, Jan van Beveren, Jan Poortvliet, and the van de Kerkhof brothers, Willy and René.

PSV has difficulty competing with the salaries that are being paid elsewhere. It has managed though to become a springboard for professional development for talents such as Ronaldo and Eiður Guðjohnsen, who spent two seasons at the club as well as Mateja Kežman and Arjen Robben, and most recently, Park Ji-Sung and Alex.

Famous coaches such as Guus Hiddink (who between stints at PSV coached the Dutch national team to a fourth-place finish in the 1998 FIFA World Cup and South Korea to a similar fourth place in the 2002 FIFA World Cup) have managed the team over the years and have brought considerable successes to the club.

1970s

The mid and late 1970s were a golden era for PSV. They boasted quality players with the likes of Willy van der Kuijlen, the van de Kerkhof brothers, Jan van Beveren, Jan Poortvliet, Harry Lubse, and Huub Stevens and won two domestic cups and three domestic championships. PSV also won the UEFA Cup, their first major European title in 1978, by beating French opponents SC Bastia 3-0 in the final's second leg. The first leg ended 0-0.

Hiddink era, 1987–1990

In 1988, coached by Guus Hiddink and with a team featuring players such as Ronald Koeman, Eric Gerets, Søren Lerby and Wim Kieft, PSV won the European Cup for the first and so far only time in their history, beating Benfica on penalties after an 0-0 ended final. Hans van Breukelen stopped the crucial penalty. Curiously, PSV took the trophy despite not winning any of its final five fixtures in the competition: they eliminated both Girondins de Bordeaux and Real Madrid on away goals, with all four matches ending in draws. Following the European Cup win, PSV faced off with Libertadores winners, Club Nacional de Football of Montevideo. After a 2-2 draw, Nacional went on to defeat PSV in penalties to win their 3rd World Club title. Hiddink still calls that game one of the hardest defeats of his career.

Under Hiddink's supervision, PSV won three Eredivisie titles, three KNVB Cups, and the European Cup.

1990–1998

After Hiddink left, English coach Bobby Robson, who managed the England national football team, was signed as head coach. PSV won the Dutch league in both the 1990–91 and 1991–92 seasons. However, the team did not make the progress expected by the board in European competitions and Robson was informed that he would be leaving the club at the end of the 1991–92 season. Robson had problems with handling one of the keyplayers, Brazilianmarker international Romário. Romário, one of the keyplayers scouted by Piet de Visser, joined the team in the Hiddink era, and stayed until 1993, winning three titles for the club.

After Robson left, Hans Westerhof took over, finishing second in the competition. He was replaced by Aad de Mos but he finished third, despite having players like Gheorghe Popescu, Nii Lamptey, and Arthur Numan. Hans van Breukelen retired after this season, having defended the goal for 10 seasons, and named one of the best goalkeepers the club ever had. Ronald Waterreus and Stanley Menzo were signed to compete for a place in the goal in the 1994–1995 season. The younger Waterreus got his place under the bar for ten years.

In his second season, Aad de Mos was fired in October 1994 and temporarily replaced by Kees Rijvers until Dick Advocaat in December 1994 signed as head coach. With new strikers as Ronaldo, who scored 30 goals, and Luc Nilis, the team again finished third, far behind AFC Ajax and Roda JC.

In Dick Advocaat's second season, the performance was better, finishing second in the competition and reaching the quarter-finals of the European Cup against FC Barcelona. After five years, the 1996–1997 season proved to be successful, and PSV crowned themselves champions with players like Jaap Stam, Philip Cocu, Wim Jonk, Luc Nilis, Arthur Numan, and talent Boudewijn Zenden.

The 1997–98 season was known for the success of Ajax, and PSV finished second, far behind the champions. The Belgian striker duo Luc Nilis and Gilles De Bilde scored the most goals in the competition. Even in the Cup Final, Ajax proved to be too strong for the Boeren. The UEFA Champions League campaign ended in the group round, finishing second behind Dynamo Kyiv, despite having played good matches against FC Barcelona and Newcastle United.

1998–2002

In the late 1990s, the club had a team full of excellent players like Jaap Stam, Arthur Numan, Phillip Cocu, Boudewijn Zenden, and Luc Nilis. After the 1998 FIFA World Cup, which was a success for Dutch national team, finishing fourth, the club was a victim of that success. Key players were transferred and PSV started the 1998–99 season with a completely new team. However, with striker Luc Nilis and newly-signed Ruud van Nistelrooy, the club finished third on the last day in a 2-3 win over FC Utrecht. They qualified for the Champions League and coach Bobby Robson left the club, replaced by Belgian coach Eric Gerets.

In his first season, new players introduced to the team included Mark van Bommel, Swissmarker international Johann Vogel, and a player of Gerets' former club Club Brugge, Eric Addo. Veteran Jan Heintze also returned to the club where he won the European Cup. The two forwards, Nilis and van Nistelrooy, proved to be successful and scored together 48 goals in the competition next to Arnold Bruggink. The combination of the midfielders Vogel and van Bommel was also very successful for PSV. Their performances that season meant the 15 title for PSV.

Eric Gerets also won the 2000–01 title with new striker Mateja Kežman, who replaced Nilis and the injured van Nistelrooy. Newcomers Kevin Hofland and John de Jong also show their talents. In the Champions League, Anderlecht and Manchester United proved to be too strong, although a beautiful goal against Man U by Mateja Kežman is often remembered by the fans. The UEFA Cup quarter-final against Kaiserslautern was a black day in PSV history when angry fans entered the field. PSV didn't made it to the semi-finals and received a fine by UEFA and was forced to play a European match on neutral ground. PSV won the Eredivisie again and striker van Nistelrooy, recovered from a knee-injury, was sold eventually to Manchester United. As a result, PSV signed FC Twente striker Jan Vennegoor of Hesselink, who had to compete with Kežman for a primary position. Although the team still had some excellent players, a difficult start in the competition eventually saw them finishing second behind archrivals Ajax.

In the Champions League, PSV lost 4-1 to FC Nantes on 11 September 2001. PSV again didn't make it to the second round and had to play UEFA Cup instead. In the fourth round, PSV beat Leeds United. In the quarter-finals, for the first time in history, two Dutchmarker teams played against each other in a European competition, with PSV facing Feyenoord. Both matches ended in 1-1. Feyenoord won the encounter in a penalty shootout and went on to win the UEFA Cup. The team had lost faith in manager Eric Gerets, who was released by the club.

Hiddink era, 2002–2006

Soon after the successful 2002 FIFA World Cup for South Korea, Guus Hiddink was signed as the new coach. Arjen Robben was one of the talented new players at the club, which resulted in a new title. PSV finished last in the group round of the Champions League. In the same season, the influences of Hiddink as coach of Korea are shown, as Park Ji-Sung and Lee Young-Pyo joined the team.

In the 2003–04 season, PSV failed to reclaim the title. In the Champions League group round, the team finished third, despite having the same amount of points as Deportivo La Coruña, but the Spanish side having a better result. In the UEFA Cup, PSV was beaten in the quarter-final by Newcastle United. Goalkeeper Ronald Waterreus, who defended the club goal for 10 seasons, decided to leave the club.

In the 2004–05 season, PSV was at the top of their game with influential players such as Mark van Bommel, Johann Vogel, and Phillip Cocu on midfield, and Jan Vennegoor of Hesselink and Park Ji-Sung as forwards. For the first time in history, PSV reached the knockout stage of the Champions League, despite losing a couple of key players such as Arjen Robben, Dennis Rommedahl, and Mateja Kežman in the summer of 2004. Hiddink created a new team with new players such as defender Alex, goalkeeper Gomes and forwards Jefferson Farfán and DaMarcus Beasley.

PSV finished second behind Arsenal in the group stage of the Champions League and beat 2004 Champions League finalists AS Monaco with 1-0 and 0-2. After reaching the quarter-finals, another team from France came on their route: Olympique Lyonnais. The two matches ended in 1-1 and penalties were needed to decide the semi-finalists. PSV won the penalty shootout with Brazilian striker Robert scoring the final one.

PSV went to Milanmarker, Italymarker but lost the first tie against AC Milan with a 2-0 score. PSV started well in the return match, with an early goal from Ji-Sung Park. A goal in the second half from Phillip Cocu showed the quality of Hiddink's team. However, Milan midfielder Massimo Ambrosini scored a goal in extra time of the second half. Despite a goal from Cocu a minute later, Milan went to the final on away goals. This is probably one of the strongest matches PSV has ever played and most fans remember the tears of Brazilian defender Alex, also known as "The Tank." The season was the most successful season in the recent years, winning the 18th Eredivisie title as well as their eight KNVB Cup.

Regardless, after the departures of influential players such as Mark van Bommel, Vogel, Park Ji-Sung, Lee Young-Pyo, and Wilfred Bouma after the 2004-05 season, PSV have moved to secure the services of players like Mika Väyrynen and Belgium midfielder Timmy Simons. With the addition of young players to bolster the squad such as Ismaïl Aissati and Ibrahim Afellay, PSV reached the knockout stage of the Champions League 2005–06 for a second running, having reached the semi-final stage in the Champions League season before. PSV ended again second in the group behind AC Milan. The team defeated the Italians in the home match with 1-0 in a tough group with Schalke 04 and Fenerbahçemarker. In the first knockout round, Lyon proved to be too strong over two matches. PSV again won the domestic title, but lost the cup final against archrivals Ajax, the last match of Hiddink as coach of the team.

Recent years

For the 2006–07 season, PSV contracted manager Ronald Koeman to succeed Hiddink. They also signed Ecuadorianmarker player Edison Méndez and Mexican player Carlos Salcido after the 2006 FIFA World Cup, where they assisted their teams to the second round. Jan Wouters and Tonny Bruins Slot were brought in as the assistant-managers. André Ooijer and Jan Vennegoor of Hesselink left the club after the start of the competition, and as replacements, Jan Kromkamp came from Liverpool and former Ajax striker Patrick Kluivert signed for a year. The top goal scorers of the season were Jefferson Farfán and Arouna Koné. The season saw the club building a gap with the other teams. The lead quickly dissipated in the 13 matches that followed. A draw of PSV at FC Utrecht in the penultimate round saw AZ and Ajax catching up. The three clubs were all on 72 points from 33 matches, with AZ on top due to goal difference. Ajax were second, PSV were third.

PSV won the Eredivisie for 2006–07 on 29 April with a 5-1 score, final day home victory against Vitesse Arnhem. AZ suffered a shocking 2-3 defeat away at SBV Excelsior, while Ajax and PSV both won. Therefore, the title was decided only by goal difference, with PSV's bigger winning margin proving decisive as they bettered Ajax's goal difference by just one goal (+50 compared with +49). This is known as the most exciting and closest title races in many years.

In the UEFA Champions League, PSV qualified for the knockout stage for the third time in a row, second behind Liverpool, leaving Bordeaux and Galatasaray behind. In the first knockout phase, PSV defeated Arsenal at home with 1-0 by a goal from Edison Méndez. In the return, PSV struggled and keyplayer Alex scored an own goal. However, he scored the unexpected 1-1, which was enough for PSV to reach the quarter-finals. Liverpool again was the opponent, but an injured PSV squad lost 0-4 on aggregate.

Although the club won the title, chairman Schuitema voiced criticism on coach Ronald Koeman after almost losing the championship, despite having a huge lead in December. But it was decided that Koeman would stay on for another year. New chairman Jan Reker replaced Schuitema.

After the season in which PSV won their 20th title, key players Phillip Cocu and Alex left the club. A difficult job for coach Koeman to fill their positions. They signed Mike Zonneveld, Kenneth Pérez and Danko Lazović. Danny Koevermans came from AZ after Arouna Koné eventually was sold to Sevilla FC. Also Ismaïl Aissati and Otman Bakkal came back from Twente after playing for that club on loan.

The team was disqualified from the Dutch Cup tournament, after fielding Manuel da Costa who was still suspended as a result of last year's tournament. PSV general manager called it "a huge blunder."

On 31 October 2007, Ronald Koeman agreed to be the new coach of Valencia CF, despite having a contract at PSV. The search for a new coach showed to be a struggle for the club and assistant coach Jan Wouters agreed to temporarily take over the job of head coach. Sef Vergoossen was contracted to be head coach until the end of the season, when Huub Stevens will take over.On 31 December 2007, Kenneth Pérez left the club for Ajax, where he was bought from in the summer of the same year. Chairman Reker declared that it was Pérez own choice to leave the club. On 26 February PSV midfielder John de Jong retired at the age of 30 after failing to recover from an injury he sustained during a training session in 2005.

On 23 August 2008, PSV won the Johan Cruijff schaal (Dutch Super Cup) 2-0, the goals scored by Danko Lazović and Dirk Marcellis against Feyenoord, PSV being the winner of the Eredivisie and Feyenoord won the KNVB Cup.PSV started well in the league, winning their first two games. However, the first Champions League match at home against Atlético Madrid was lost 0-3. This match was a sign of things to come. PSV were chanceless in their Champions League group, losing to Liverpool both home and away, losing away against Olympique de Marseille and losing home and away against Atlético Madrid. The only match won by PSV was the home game against Marseille. These poor results meant that PSV finished last in their group, behind Liverpool, Atlético Madrid, and Marseille, respectively. For the first time since 2002, PSV was eliminated from European football before the winter.

Stadium

The Philips Stadionmarker is the PSV home base. Since the founding of the club, PSV's home base is still at exactly the same place where the PSV sports grounds were established in 1913. It was first inaugurated by the five year old boy named Frits Philips, in January 1911 when the Philips Elftal played their first game. PSV was not founded yet. The neighborhood where the stadium is located is the Philipsdorp ('Philips village'), close to the centre of Eindhovenmarker. The current capacity has been achieved by various modernisation programmes.

The stadium can accommodate 35,000 people on match days. Plans to further expand the ground to 45,000 seats are being examined. The average attendance for the season 2007-08 was 33,600.All seats are covered and heated.In the summer of 2005, the board of the club decided to remove the tall fences around the pitch, replacing them with 90 cm high railings keeping the spectators off the grass. Unauthorized persons who do invade the pitch will receive a €15,000 penalty and a ten-year-ban from visiting the Philips Stadion.

The stadium has been host to many European Cup matches, and was one of the Dutch venues for the Euro 2000 competition jointly organised by the Netherlands and Belgium.

In 2006, the UEFA Cup Final between Sevilla FC and Middlesbrough was held in this stadium.

The stadium also features a Michelin starred restaurant (Avant Garde) perched high above the pitch and available for meals wrapped around matches.

Honours

Domestic



International



Sponsorship

Companies that PSV Eindhoven currently has sponsorship deals with include

Current squad

As of 23 October 2009.

Retired number

12Club Supporters

Out on Loan

Youth

Young PSV

A1

Technical staff

Manager: Fred Rutten
Assistant Manager (ft): Erik ten Hag
Assistant Managers (pt): René Eijkelkamp, Phillip Cocu
Team manager: Mart van den Heuvel
Goalkeeping Coach Anton Scheutjens
Head of Youth Academy: Wiljan Vloet
Young PSV Head Coach: Anton Janssen
Young PSV Coach: Wim Kieft, Patrick Kluivert (Intern)


Former captains

Name No. With PSV Captain
Timmy Simons 6 2005– 2007–
Philip Cocu 8 1995–1998, 2004–2007 2005–2007
Mark van Bommel 6 1999-2005 2000-2005
Luc Nilis 1994–2000 1998–2000
Arthur Numan 1992–1998 1994–1998
Erwin Koeman 1979–1982, 1990–1994 1993–1994
Gerald Vanenburg 1986–1993 1992–1993
Eric Gerets 1985–1992 1987–1992
Ruud Gullit 1985–1987 1986–1987
Hallvar Thoresen 1981–1988 1983–1986
Jan van Beveren 1970–1983 1973–1983
Willy van der Kuijlen 1964–1981 1965–1973
Roel Wiersma 1954–1965 1954–1965
Berend Scholtens 1937–1955
Sjef van Run 1926–1942
Ad van Eerd 1927–1932 1928–


Current hierarchy of captains

Name No. With PSV
Timmy Simons 6 2005–
André Ooijer 23 1997–2006, 2009–
Ibrahim Afellay 20 2004–


Managers

*  Kees Meijnders 1914-1916








Other sports

Currently, PSV comprises 17 different clubs. These clubs were members of the Federatie van Philips Sport Verenigingen (Federation of Philips Sports Unions) until it was disbanded in 2004. The more than 5000 members (2003) of the 17 clubs participate in 20 branches of sport.

The recent successes of the swim club — Pieter van den Hoogenband and Inge de Bruijn shared eight medals (of which five gold) between them during the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney — has made it the second best known division after the football club, but many of the other member clubs are also high-ranked in their respective national competitions.

In the new Superleague Formula, an auto racing competition, PSV is one of the competing teams, amongst other professional football clubs such as AC Milan, Roma, Anderlecht, and Rangers.

Trivia

The Dutch comedian Theo Maassen once stole the UEFA Cup (won in 1978 against SC Bastia) from the Philips Stadionmarker. For several years it was unknown who had been responsible for the disappearance of the trophy. The true story was confessed by Maassen himself, live on a talkshow focused on football. He had also stolen the plaquette that PSV received at the UEFA Super Cup after losing from KV Mechelen. Maassen had stolen that with his friend Hans Teeuwen. He gave the artifact back during a television program on the day PSV became champion on April 29, 2007.

See also



External links



References

  1. Uefa.com - UEFA Cup final 1978
  2. Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye, p150–53.
  3. PSV appoint Huub Stevens as their new head coach PSV
  4. nrc.nl - Sport - Reker: Perez initieerde transfer zelf
  5. YouTube - Theo Maassen - UEFA Cup
  6. YouTube - Maassen en zijn PSV prijzenkast



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