(Bai Long, White Dragon) Kung fu
is a martial
style that was established by Daniel Kane Pai.
Pai Lum History
Daniel Kalimaahaae Pai was born in Kameula, Hawaii. The Pai family,
, were looked down upon
and mistreated by the locals. In 1946, at the age of twelve, it is said
that his grandfather had him sent to the White Lotus Monastery,
Byakurenji, on the north coast of Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, to study Kobayashi-ryu karate-do.
After five years of intense
training, Daniel returned to Hawaii and became the most prominent
fighter of the islands, winning trophies and respect for his family
name. Filled with pride for his grandson, Pai Po Fong taught him
the family martial arts style which contained mainly elements of
the crane and dragon movements as well as the other animal styles
which were later contained within a larger martial arts system
called Pai Lum.
After the end of World War II, Daniel and his stepfather went to
the "Big Island" to work. They herded cattle like cowboys of the
"Old West". He studied Judo
and was involved with the Hawaiian Kenpo
In late 1951, Daniel joined the U.S. Army and fought in the
in 1952 and 1953. He
reenlisted in 1953, he spoke of being in Vietnam in 1954 and
retired from active duty in December 1955. In May 1962 he was given
an honorable discharge after finishing his time in the U.S. Army
Reserve. Medals that he was awarded include 4 Bronze Stars, Korean
Service Medal, U.N. Service Medal, and the National Defense Medal.
Daniel told of numerous experiences from Korea and Vietnam, as well
as other places where he served.
June 20, 1960 was his graduation day from the Chicago Medical
College, Calcutta, India in Homeopathic Medicine which led to his
being called Dr. Pai.
The early 1960s found him working at 20th Century Fox
as a stuntman. Some of the
movies he played in include Blue
and in The House of
. He also appeared in a
few episodes of the television series "Hawaiian Eye".
Master Pai's fighting style was developed from years of training in
Chinese, Japanese, and Okinawan martial arts to produce an
amalgamation of these different movements. It was told that he
studied at Mas Oyama
during the 1960s and was known as a "strong fighter" from
In addition to being the director of the Pai Lum Association during
these early days, he served as chief instructor for both the
U.S.K.A. and the Canadian Fire Dragon Association while also
serving on the board of directors for the East Coast Karate
This era peaked with more than fifty Pai Lum and Fire Dragon
schools operating in North America. These students are known as the
"old school" lineage. Master Pai was living in Hartford,
Connecticut until 1976 when he decided to move to Florida where he
resided for the next seventeen years. Some of his first students
who were trained in mostly Kempo styles stayed close to Master Pai
as he developed new students whom he trained in Kung Fu and Tai Chi
movements over the next two decades to come. White Dragon became
the common reference of Grandmaster Pai's martial arts
The U.S. White Dragon Martial Arts Society was formed
and produced a team that on July 4, 1976 was awarded a Certificate
of Merit for superb achievement during the Kuoshu demonstrations
held in Taipei, the
China, by Tsai Hung-Wen, President of the Kuoshu
His team participation in the 2nd World Chinese
Kuoshu Tournament in 1978 at Taipei led to Grandmaster Pai being
appointed "Delegate at Large" for the Chinese Kuoshu Worldwide
Promotion Association. The 3rd World Chinese Kuoshu Tournament was
organized by Daniel K. Pai and was held in Hawaii in 1980.
1983, his team participated in the 4th World Chinese Kuoshu
Tournament in Taipei, Taiwan.
November 10 he was elected as Vice President of the 2nd Executive
Board, Chinese Kuoshu Worldwide Promotion Association
The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) appointed Grandmaster Pai as
Delegate at Large to the National AAU Kung-Fu Committee and the
International Kung-Fu Association (IKFA) representing the Florida
State Region in April 1984. This announcement was made by Master
Donald Buck, Chairman of IKFA and the National AAU Committee.
The summer of 1989 saw his organizing the 6th World Chinese Kuoshu
Federation tournament in Las Vegas, Nevada. This was the last event
he personally oversaw as his tenure as President of the United
States Chinese Kuoshu federation branch came to an end by the
During the late 1980s and early 1990s, Daniel Pai worked in
association to the commercial seafood industry in the southeastern
United States with several of his senior Florida students.
Every year he kept busy teaching martial arts clinics in his
affiliate schools across several states. He also taught regular
classes in Florida locations every week right up to the last days
of his life.
In late 1992, he sought to organize all his Pai Lum schools with
several associated systems under an umbrella organization called
World White Dragon Society. This process was still underway when he
passed on. During these final months he finished two new manuals
and four video tapes for instructional use.
On May 28, 1993, while in the Dominican Republic, Grandmaster
Daniel K. Pai passed on from this life and was laid to rest with
full military honors, at the Hawaiian National Cemetery.
A legacy of knowledge and wisdom was left with many devoted
practitioners of Pai Lum across several decades. These students are
found all across this country and the world and are charged with
the obligation to protect and to preserve the curriculum that their
teacher has left them.
The first student in Pai Lum Kung Fu was NOT recorded by Dan Pai
but he was very fond of Kalaii Griffin as he told his devoted
student in Florida. According to Master Griffin, he stated that
Master Thomas D. St Charles was a student of Dr Pai's in 1967. Who
met him first...the many followers of Dan Pai hardly know each
other as evidenced by these varied accounts of his life.
to St. Charles Master Griffin did not meet Dr.Pai until 1970 in
Bridgeport, Connecticut and then Master St.Charles gave Griffen his first
Karate/Kung fu lesson.
At that time the curriculum within
Pai Lum was Goju Ryu
Karate and also the
roots of Pai Lum Kempo
. Master Pai had Goju
Ryu Rank but he already wanted to move away from the crowd.
He began teaching people such as Thomas D. St. Charles in 1967,
then in 1970 when he was brought to Bridgeport and given a school
there to encourage him, he began teaching Peter Genero, Charlie
Hatchett...names lost in past. In 1971 Master Pai relocated to Hartford, Connecticut and in 1972 he opened Park St. White Dragon Kung Fu
in Hartford and taught many people either from that location or
they traveled from their schools to see him.
names...Robert Schoolnick, David Everett, Anthony Galiano, Thomas
L. Turcotte, Jeffrey K. Rathnam, Lauren Porter (ex-wife of USKA
champion Don Collyer) Jeffrey Guifffre, David L. Smith, Phil
Hunter, Chow Lum, Clarence Cooper, Pat McCarthy [Canada/Australia]
Karen A Tolczyk(aka Tiger), John Guerrera and many others not named
here. It was at this time that Kung fu forms were first introduced
to the public and specifically named Pai's Family System and as
source of endless argument that persists today, adding Kung Fu
forms from various styles, including Hung Gar routines from Bruce
Currie [West Virginia] and Pat McCarthy [Park St. school in
Hartford], as well as Choy Li Fut, Lau Gar, and northern style
Chang Chuan forms. Certain Pai family forms were introduced, as
well, and taught alongside of the Kempo methods. The Fire Dragon
school, fueled by heightened interest in the Chinese Martial arts
via the Bruce Lee craze, was a commercial success for a few short
years in Ct. but continued to do well in Fl even today. Based in
Cocoa Beach under Fred Schmitz and his one time students, friends
and later rivals the Wilson brothers, most notably Don Wilson, who
was being fought over as having the 'right " stuff, oriental good
looks and a real physical talent. Struggling with high rent and not
enough paying students, Hartford school moved several times until
in June of 1976 Dr. Pai moved to Daytona Beach, Fl where he spent
the rest of his life (or up the road in Orlando with Glenn C
Wilson). It is amusing to this author that tales of the
missing...having seen, fed, carried and served the teacher daily
since early 1977 I wonder where these people went who tell the tale
here. During these years the Pai Lum curriculum was refined and
taught through travel to Pai Lum association schools in
Pennsylvania, Nova Scotia, North Carolina, Florida, and Missouri.
David Everett was Pai Lum chief instructor at this time, later
maintaining the Pai Lum presence in the Hartford area at his White
Lotus Martial Arts Center, even after he left Pai's organization in
Daniel Pai personally taught his students several curricula, and in
fact, what he taught changed over the years as he added to his
instructors' versatility. Many attempts were made, via his personal
students, to develop a set curriculum, with good success coming
during the Hartford years and also in his Fl schools. This varied
curriculum resulted in confusion among Pai Lum instructors who
would occasionally compare what they had learned. Today, this
continues to be the case as instructors broaden their martial arts
experience through cross-training and are surprised to find out
what other Pai Lum students are practising.
Many of the practice forms (or katas
, to use
the Japanese equivalent term) in Pai Lum closely resemble those of
the Hung Gar
system, but tend to be longer
and more drawn out, purportedly for the purposes of building
endurance. For example, Pai Lum's 'Outer Tiger' form doubles many
of the 90-degree, 4-direction movements found in the original Hung
Gar form into 45-degree, 8-direction movements. This is an opinion
held by someone who has only viewed the public demonstrations of
Pai Lum obviously for the style is not fundamentally a hard fist
Seemingly no two of Daniel Pai's high-level black belt students got
there via the same curriculum. The test for first level black belt
was, however, very brutal in the early days of his stateside
teachings. When one of his students did earn a black belt, it was
many times said to be as much a rite of pain as of skill.
Discussion about Pai would be incomplete without reference to his
25 years supporting the Kuoshu Federation of Taiwan. This group of
martial artists and ex-military Chinese formed an association to
bring traditional forms of Chinese martial arts to the world.
Dedicated to the preservation of classical family systems that
number in the hundreds as to practice, scope and definition, the
Kuoshu Federation represents the democratic Taiwanese in their
struggle to fend off the dissolution of history and tradition to
the precepts of communism. As a patriot and former enlisted man Pai
did all he could to promote the freedom of the individual as
demonstrated by his life style.
One of the central points of Pai Lum as taught by the World White
Dragon society is brotherhood.  They teach that all members of
the society are equal, and should be treated as such. In addition
there is a very taoist lean in their philosophy, even using the yin
and yang as part of their symbol.  Pai Lum stresses wisdom,
courage, honor, strength, purity, and knowledge.
The historical legend as told above has never been substantiated
and is even considered dubious by many within Pai Lum. Issues arise
when one finds that there has never been a "White Lotus Temple" in
Okinawa and that the Okamura mentioned within the legend's text is
more likely to have been the founder of the "Okinawa Kenpo Karate"
system, namely Shigeru Nakamura. It also raises the question as to
why a master of a Chinese martial art would send his grandson half
a world away to study an Okinawan martial art system when he could
have taught him. Moreover, the date of Pai's alleged travel to
Okinawa seems highly improbable, since according to the legend he
would have travelled there in 1942, after
the Second World
War in the Pacific began, which is clearly very improbable, given
that Okinawa was one of the Japanese home islands. Another
controversy is that Daniel Pai was often called "Dr. Pai" by his
students but to date, there is no record of Daniel Pai going to
medical school or achieving a doctorate from any academic
Those who knew him well know that he achieved a doctorate of
homeopathy and was a skilled physician in the classical Chinese
practitioner tradition. He practiced chiropractic, accupressure,
bone and sprain setting and medicine making. Eclectic and an odd
communicator, he did not always impress his audience and often
seemed determined not to do so on purpose.
In 1974 the Gong Yuen Chuan Fa Federation was established to govern
the ranking and curriculum taught. Additionally, Grandmaster-Pai
accepted Sifu-Glenn C. Wilson as a student with Sifu-Glenn
maintaining the rank he held in Gong Yuen Chuan Fa and with the Kuo
Shu Organization in Taiwan, that was 3rd higher level. The
traditional blend of two great systems - White Dragon & The Way
of the Hard & Soft fist began.
Before his passing, Grandmaster Pai proclaimed only 5 active
families of Pai Lum Tao.
In 1993, while in the Dominican Republic, Great Grandmaster-Daniel
Kane Pai passed from this life and was laid to rest with full
military honors, at the Hawaiian National Cemetery. A legacy of
knowledge and wisdom was left with many devoted practitioners of
Pai Lum across several decades. It has been said that for many
years he had told many students of Pai Lum that his successor would
be his senior adopted grandson, Pai Li Lung (John Weninger) - which
cannot be confirmed or denied. Other adopted grandsons who were
more senior to Pai Li Lung had left Pai Lum over the years
preceding his death. Depending on the school and location, you will
get different responses as to who exactly should have been named
the head of the system. Some contend that no one should be the head
of the system since each succeeding master develops something new.
Besides the many non-aligned instructors, such as former chief
instructor, Pai Tao Chi (David Everett), two publicly competing
factions exist within Pai Lum, namely the White Dragon Warrior
Society and the World White Dragon Society.
The White Dragon Warrior Society, which is headed by Pai Pao Lung
Huit (Glenn C. Wilson) supported by his wife Hilda Guerrero Wilson,
and students. Under the direction of Si Gung-Glenn C. Wilson, a
Board of Directors was appointed during 1994 to protect and
preserve the curriculum of the Pai Lum family, as Si Gung-Glenn had
promised his teacher. During 1994 and 1995 there were a few
individuals who would not conform to the by-laws of the World White
Dragon Kung Fu Society and there was a division in the
The other competing faction is The World White Dragon Society made
up of early students of Daniel K. Pai including Pai Shao Li (Steve
Mathews), Pai Li Lung (John Weninger), Pai Shin Zan (Thomas D. St.
Charles) - [who was later dismissed for killing a man with his
skills*], Pai Ching-Lin (David L.Smith), Pai Hsin-Lung (Philip
Hunter), Pai Ying Lung (Robert L. Skaling-Pai), Pai Bok Hok (Marcia
Pickands), Pai Lung Li (Honey Silk), Pai Hsieh (Lauren Porter), Pai
Ban Lung (John Riddick) and many others.
- Master Thomas St. Charles (Pai Shinzan) was not "dismissed for
killing a man with his skills." Master St. Charles killed a man in
self defense which was ruled "justifiable homicide" by the