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For the district with the same name, see 'Palakkad Districtmarker.

Palakkad ( ) is a town and a municipality in the state of Keralamarker in southern Indiamarker. It is the administrative headquarters of Palakkad Districtmarker. Palakkad lies near the Palghat Gap, a pass or natural depression through the Western Ghats ranges that run parallel to the west coast of India, and connects Kerala to the plains of the state of Tamil Nadumarker to the east. The people of Palakkad speak Malayalam. The city of Coimbatoremarker in Tamil Nadumarker is only about 50 km from Palakkad.

Transport

The nearest international airport is Coimbatore Airportmarker, which is about 52 km from Palakkad. Coimbatore airport has connecting flights to Singaporemarker, Sharjahmarker, Colombomarker, apart from major Indian cities.

There is a KSRTC Government bus stand. There are also three private bus stands, the Main bus stand, the Town bus stand and the Stadium bus stand. There are frequent buses to Coimbatore, Kozhikodemarker and Thrissurmarker from the KSRTC bus stand.

Palakkad is well connected by roads. The National Highway 47 (NH 47) from Salemmarker to Kanyakumarimarker and the Palakkad - Kozhikode National Highway 213 pass through the district. Another important road is the Palakkad - Ponnanimarker which connects NH 47 and NH 17.

There are two railway stations in Palakkad. Palakkad Junction is a Broad Gauge railway junction (located at Olavakkodemarker), on India's Southern Railwaymarker network. It also houses the office of The Divisional Railway Manager (Palakkad Division). The cities of Coimbatore, Erodemarker, Salemmarker, Ernakulammarker and Kozhikode are connected by the broad gauge line. Pollachimarker, Dindigulmarker and Maduraimarker are connected by the metre gauge line starting from the Palakkad Town railway station. Under a policy "project unigauge", metre gauge tracks are being converted to broad gauge tracks all over India. This Metre Gauge track is now being dismantled for conversion to broad gauge tracks. The nearest city is Coimbatore in Tamilnadu which is well connected to Palakkad with broad gauge trains and buses.

Demographics

In the 2001 census, Palakkad had a population of 130,736. Males constituted 49% of the population. The average literacy rate of the area is 81%, much higher than the national average of 59.5%.

A significant amount of Tamil speaking population come from the sixty agraharams - villages. Palakkad town - has 19 of them - namely : New Kalpathy, Old Kalpathy, Chatapuram, Govindarajapuram, Vaidyanathapuram, Sekharipuram, Venkateshapuram, Kumarapuram, Lakshminarayanapuram, Chokkanathapuram, Nelliserry, Vadakanthara, Pallipuram, Adityapuram, Noorani, Thondikulam, Tharekkadu, Thirunellai and Ramanathapuram.

Communities peculiar to the Palakkad district are Iyers, Nedungadi, Vellodi, Pisharody, Guptan, Moothan, Mannadiar ezhavar & Tharakan. Irular, Mudugar & Kurumbar are the adivasi communities of the Attappadimarker tribal areas.

Politics

Palakkad and Alathur assembly constituencies is part of Palakkad district.

Places of Interest

  • Palakkad Fortmarker - Fort dating from 1766, built by Hyder Ali of Mysoremarker. In 1784, after a siege which lasted eleven days, the British Colonel Fullerton stormed the Fort. Later it fell into the hands of the Zamorin’s troops, but was recaptured by the British in 1790. This well-preserved fort is also known as Tipu's (Tipu Sultan, son of Hyder Ali) Fort. Today there is a functioning jail in the fort grounds.


  • Malampuzha Dammarker and Malampuzha dam garden. This is a large irrigation dam built on the river Bharathapuzha at the base of the hills of the Western Ghats. The gardens, the amusement park for children, and the boating facilitices on the reservoir make Malampuzha a centre of interest for tourists, easily accessible from Palakkad.


  • Jain Temple of Jainimedu - Situated on the western border of Palakkad town and not far from the railway station, this is an historic Jain Temple. The area around the temple is known as Jainimedu. This is one of the few places in Kerala where vestiges of Jainism have survived without substantial damage. The granite walls are devoid of decoration. The temple, long and wide, consists of four divisions with images of Jain Thirthankaras and Yakshinis in three of them. Kumaran Asan wrote his monumental poem Veena Poovu (the fallen flower) at a Jain house here during his brief stay with his master Sri. Narayana Guru.


  • Parambikulam The Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, covering 285 km², is 135 km from Palakkad and adjacent to the Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu. Besides being a home for elephants, wild boar, sambar, bison, guar, crocodiles, and a few tigers and panthers, it has a rich diversity of flora and fauna. Trekking in the forest is allowed with prior permission. Boating facilities are available on the lake. The large Cannimare Teak Tree is here near Thunakadavu.


  • Silent Valley National Parkmarker A dense rain forest and the habitat of rare species 80 km from Palakkad. It is popularly known as the evergreen forest and noted for its eerie silence because of the lack of cicadas. It is an important biosphere reserve in the Western Ghats and home of the tribal people. The valley is known for the rare Lion-Tailed Macaque. This National Park is a protected area for tigers also.


  • Nelliampathimarker Known as the Ootymarker of Kerala, Nelliampathy, about 80 km from Palakkad, is a hill station in the Nelliampathy forest ranges. This forest range constitutes a series of ridges cut off from one another by valleys of dark evergreen forests.


  • Pothundy Dam Around 35 km from Palakkad town, Pothundy Dam is situated on the way to Nelliampathi hills. The hill area to Nelliyampathy hills starts from Pothundy Dam. People visiting Nelliampathi, stop here to enjoy the beauty of the dam as well as to relax during their long journey up the Nelliampathi hills.


  • Walayar Dammarker is around 25 km from Palakkad town, It is located on the border of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It is a beautiful place. It is an easily accessible location to the visitors to and from Tamilnadumarker also. There is a Deer park located 3 km from Walayarmarker.




  • Attappady Attappady is an extensive mountain valley above the crest of the Ghat ranges, with several rivulets of the river Bhavani. The area is dominated by tribal people.


  • Punarjani Guha The Punarjani Guha is a natural tunnel 15 meters long in the rocky cliff. It is 2 km from the Thiruvilwamala Temple and the chief presiding deity is Sri Rama. The idol is believed to be ‘swayambhoo’, i.e. born on its own. It is believed that performing ‘noozhal’ -- crawling through the tunnel from one end to the other—will wash away all of one’s sins and thus bring about rebirth. Only men are allowed to do the ‘noozhal’: women may only visit the cave. This ritual is practised on only one day per year, on Guruvayur Ekadashi. This particular site actually comes under the district of Trichur.




  • Kanjirapuzha Dam: This dam feeds almost half the agricultural land of the district. It supplies water to such places as Mannarkkadmarker, Ottappalam and Shoranurmarker, and is the biggest dam built with soil in Kerala. There is a garden in front of the dam.




  • Srikrishnapuram: A small and welcoming village; the name comes from Palakkadussery Sekhari Varma Raj. It is one of the many villages of Palakkad. Punchappadam and Karimpuzha are also included in this village area


  • Dhoni Waterfalls: It is a gift of nature to the district with green forest, rocks, shallow water and beautigul water fall. Dhoni waterfall is in the western ghats 15 km from the Palakkad Town bustand and 9 km from the Palakkad Junction railway station. There is a beautiful temple near the mountain valley and it is believed that this was built by the Goddess for Shiva Bhagawan.


  • IRTC [236550]: Integrated Rural Technology Centre (IRTC) is an R&D and Training Institution situated at Mundur, Palakkad. It develops or adapts technology having rural applications. Training and follow up facilities are extended in various livelihood programmes.




  • Koduvayur: Koduvayur is one of the major markets in Palakkad district. The vegetable and cloth markets here attract customers as well as dealers from different parts of the state as well. The famous car festival is celebrated here. Major market possessions are managed by Moothans, the Vaisya sect of Palakkad and Muslims.


  • Cherpulassery Ayyappankavu is the famous Dharmasastha Temple, where thousands of devotees visit, especially during Mandala season. Many who go to Sabarimalamarker start from here. The ten days long Utsavam in the month of Kumbham attracts thousands of devotees.


  • Karnaki Temple. Palakkad has a Karnaki Temple where goddess Kannaki is worshiped in her full idol form. In the Karnaki temple, Kerala form of pooja practices are done by Kerala Brahmins (Namboothiris) and in the Siva Temple in the same compound, Tamil Shaiva form of pooja practices are carried out by Tamil Brahmin Priests.


  • Vayillyamkunnu - (new name Kadambazhipuram): The name Vayillyamkunnu came from VAYILLAKUNNILAPPAN - the last member of PARAYI PETTA PANTHIRUKULAM of the famous saint Vararuchi. It is a historical place which was famous due to Gandhian activities and Sanskrit scholars. Vayillyamkunnu Bhagavathy Temple is famous for its Pakalpooram, the Annual festival.


  • SREE CHEMITTIYA BAGAVATHY KSHETRAM: Around 6 kms from PALAKKAD town on CHITTUR road is the temple of the goddess. Every year during MARCH - APRIL the annual fair happens here. There are many people who come here for rituals during that season. The temple comittee is setting up a MARRIAGE HALL which on completion can help many of the surrounding village to use this.


  • CHITTUR BAGAVATHY KSHETRAM : 18 Kms from PALAKKAD TOWN in CHITTUR dedicated to lord CHITTUR BAGAVATHY, annualy there is a temple fair conducted by the locals and the family called KONGAN PADA during FEB - MARCH.


Local Festivals

  • Valliya Aarattu -Karnaki Amman Temple, Moothanthara celebrated in the month of Medam Punertham Constellation (Star)
  • Chinakathur Pooram: A spectacular festival celebrated in every March-April in the famous Durga temple at Palappuram
  • Cheramkulangara Vishu Vela (April 14)
  • Akathethara-Thekkethara Vela - (March 30 ) (Meenamasathille, Karthika)
  • Akathethara-Vadakkethara Vela - Apr 24
  • Padur Vela - feb 24
  • Pudussery Vedi - Feb 28
  • Kalpathy Ratholsavam. Famous for Kalpathy Rathotsavam held during the second week of November every year.
Kalpathy : One of the 18 Agraharams of Palakkad District on the banks of the Kalpathy river. One of the oldest settlements of Tamil Brahmins in Kerala, it dates back to the 15th century.
  • Chittur Konganpada
  • Nemmara-Vallanghi Vela - Nemmara Vela Photographs
  • Koduvayur car festival - The ancient and famous Koduvayur car festival is celebrated on Thiruvathira of malayalam month Dhanu. Visit http://www.keralapuram.co.nr (or http://keralapuram.50webs.org) for more
  • Sree Maha Ganapathy Sahayam - Naga Sahayam Vela- April 17th
  • Manappullikavu Vela
  • Vayilliamkunnu Pooram
  • Kavasseri Pooram (celebrated on "Pooram" star day in "Meenam" Malayalam month
  • Mangottu Kavu Temple Vela - Second Sunday after Vishu (every year)
  • Vadakkanthara Vela (only once every 3 years)
  • Ashtami Rohini (Sreekrishna Jayanthi) (Kunnathurmedu Sreekrishna Temple )
  • Kizhkencherry Ratholsavam - Dec 25
  • Thiruvara Niramaala - Dec 28
  • Karumanassery Ratholsavam - Dec 29
  • Tattamangalam Angadi Vela Angadi Vela Photographs - celebrated every 2 years
  • Perinkulam Ratholsavm March-10 & 11-2009 (Pournami Day Of Kumbamasam)
  • Puthur Kavu Vela - April 7
  • Pariyanampatta Pooram - Kumbham -7
  • Peruvemba Vela [236551]
  • Kannambra Vela - May 24
  • Nurani Sasthapreethi (Every year end of Dec - beginning of Jan)
  • Puthucode Navaratri Festival for 9 days September - October.
  • Kallepully Kummati Kummati Festival during February - March every year
  • Kongad Pooram Festival at the Kongad Shri Thirumandankunnu Bhagavati Temple during March- April every year
  • Mangod Pooram festival at Mangottukavu Bhagavathy temple; it is situated near the heritage village, Vellinezhi
  • PariyanamPatta Pooram: Pooram at the Pariyanampatta temple, MangalamKunnu, Palakkad. It's the famous festival of Valluvanadu. The pooram day is (Malayalam) Kumbam 7.
  • Manappullikavu Vela Cheruppil Kavu: It is situated 2 km from Palakkad railway station. The Goddess is "Cheruppil amma". One of the famous festivals is "PANA" which happens once in every 5 years. It is a 41 day festival. Various famous art forms are performed on these days.
  • Thiruvaraikkal Temple Pooram Festival
  • Thiruvaraikkal Temple Pooram, Thiruvazhiyode: Thiruvaraikkal Temple pooram festival is celebrated on April 20 (Medam 7). The temple is situated 37 kilometres from Palakkad town (Palakkad - Cherpulassery route).
  • Mathur Kooth Festival (Kalikavil Bhagawathy Temple, Mathur Padinjharethara, Mathur, Palakkad ) Celebrates Kooth Festival in April - May , in every year.
  • Pariyanempatta Bhagavathi Temple, Kattukulam, Mangalamkunnu, Palakkad
  • Pappady Sreekrishna Temple- Ashtami Rohini and Kumbabhishekam in every year.
  • Athaniparambu Chandhana Bhagavati Vela
  • Harvest festival: The festival of harvest celebrated around October every year at the C.S.I Churches of Palakkad. [236552]
  • Mulayankavu Bhagavathi Temple - kalavela, pooram


Educational Institutions in Palakkad



See also



Satellite image of the town

PunchapadamTattamangalam

References

Vadakkanthara

External links

  • http://www.pkd.kerala.gov.in





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