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Palatinate-Zweibrücken ( ) is a former state of the Holy Roman Empire. Its capital was Zweibrückenmarker.


The first mention of Zweibrücken can be dated to 1170 . The County of Zweibrücken was created in 1182, as a division of the County of Saarbrückenmarker. After the death of Eberhard, the last Count of Zweibrücken from the Saarbrücken line, the County fell to the Elector Palatine Rupert II of Wittelsbach.

Palatinate-Zweibrücken became a separate entity again in 1444 when Stefan, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken divided his territory between his sons. Louis I received the now-Duchy of Zweibrücken and the County of Veldenz.

The Duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken ceased to exist in 1801, when it was annexed by Francemarker. After the Congress of Vienna, in 1815, it was returned to the last Duke, King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, who joined it with other Bavarianmarker territories on the left bank of the Rhinemarker to form the Rhenish Palatinate.

List of Counts Palatine of Zweibrücken

House of Walramids

House of Wittelsbach

See also

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