Panchkula ( , ) is a planned city in Panchkula District, Haryana/Punjab, India. It is a satellite city of the Union Territory of Chandigarh. The prestigious Chandimandir Cantonment Headquarters of the Indian Western Command, is also located in Panchkula city. There are five towns in the district named Panchkula, Barwala Pinjore, Kalka and Raipur Rani. The only Hill station in Haryana called Morni is also in this District. The estimated population of Panchkula city, in 2006, is 2,00,000. Panchkula and Mohali (in Punjab) are two satellite cities of Chandigarh. These three cities are collectively known as Chandigarh Tricity.
of the name Panchkula is based on the five irrigation canals (or
kuls as they were called, making it Panch Kul of five canals) that
take water from the Ghaggar in the uphill section and distribute it
from Nada Sahib to Mansa
Devi. The Nada canal has now been eroded by the
river and most of the kul's pass through the cantonement of
Chandimandir towards Mansa Devi.
The canals are a beautiful example of
community property and are maintained by the villagers along the
way, with distribution days decided. The canals were made by a
ruler in the past, and follow the contours to take water to levels
much higher than the river at the same spot.
are the main spoken languages in
is surrounded by Himachal
Pradesh in the north and east, Punjab and Union
Territory of Chandigarh in the west and by Ambala district in the south as well as east. Panchkula district
shares its borders with Chandigarh, Mohali district,
Ambala district and Solan
Panchkula district has a sub tropical continental monsoon climate
where the seasons are, hot summer, cool winter, good monsoon
rainfall and great variation in temperature (0 °C to 43 °C). In
winter frost sometimes occurs during December and January. The
district also receives winter rains from the western disturbance.
The rainfall is mostly received in the monsoon. Morni
hills constitute the highest point of the
district as well as of Haryana. The Ghaggar
river is the only perennial river. It is very shallow outside of
the monsoons. The Ghaggar
river system is
now thought to be the original Saraswati
now dries up in Rajasthan and does not reach the sea. This is due to
geological changes that diverted the Sutlej from
Ropar to take another channel.
rivers/streams of the district are Ghaggar
Generally the slope of the district is from north east to south
west and in this direction, most of the rivers/streams rainfed
torrents flow down and spread much gravels and pebbles in their
beds. Only the Sirsa river, in Kalka Tehsil,
flows towards northwest through a u arrow halt of shivalik
The soils in the district are mainly light loam
(seoti) piedmont (Ghar and Kandi), Swalik (pahar), silticlay (Naili
and chhachhra Dakar) etc.
The under ground water in the district occurs under confirmed and
semi-confirmed conditions which is generally fresh and suitable for
domestic and irrigation purposes. The under ground water level is
generally high in the southern parts and low in north and northeast
which is hilly tract. The district lies in a region where
earthquakes of moderate to high intensity have been felt in the
past. Being situated at the Himalayan boundary fault zones it is prone to
The total area of district under forests is 42.54 %, which is
highest in the state. This is primarily in the hilly section just
outside Panchkula city. The district has a favorable climate for
the growth of rich and abundant vegetation due to reasonably good
rainfall and elevation. Shisham (Dalbergia Sissoo), Kikar (Acacia
nilotica) and Mango (Mangifera indica) are the important tree
species grown in the plains. Safeda (Eucalyptus hybrid) has been
introduced since 1963 in forest areas as well as on private lands.
Poplar too has been cultivated in farms. The natural vegetation is
mainly of forest growth and its degradation stages. Tropical dry
deciduous forests and sub-tropical forests are found here. Pine
trees are found in the Morni
Hills. Most of
the forests in the district are in the Morni-Pinjore
This hilly forested tract covers Morni and the edges of Pinjore.
That is why, the management of forests in the Panchkula district is
vested with the Morni-Pinjore Forest Division
Urban Estate Panchkula
The new urban estate of Panchkula is west of Chandigarh.
Chandigarh railway station is near the Chandigarh-Panchkula boundary, and has an exit toward
Panchkula. The area's of Shivalik Enclave,and Manimajra are towards
the Northwest of Panchkula Urban estate. The Cantonment of
Chandimandir is north of Panchkula
urban estate, toward's the Urban estate's southern edge is Zirakpur in Punjab.
Most of the developed sectors are West of the Ghaggar
river. The Shimla highway cuts through the
estate mostly parallel to the Ghaggar
newer sectors are on the western banks of the Ghaggar. It is developed on
outskirts of Chandigarh, amongst the picturesque background of the Shivalik hills and the Ghaggar River.
The township has been
sub-divided into residential sectors, industrial sectors, parks and
areas for regional recreation, major institutions, markets, and
government and semi-government offices.
The Eastern sectors are on the edge of Ramgarh
, through which a road runs south to Dera Bassi
in Punjab via Mubarakpur. East of
Ramgarh on the road to Naraingarh (in Ambala district) is Barwala
where an industrial estate has been set up and Raipur Rani where
is proposing to set up a
Nano city. The road to Nahan- Paonta- Dehradun goes through these
towns. Short of Raipur Rani is a turn that goes to
Dosarka between Ambala and Yamunanagar.
A large area south of Old Panchkula between Ambala-Kalka national
highway and the Ghaggar River has been developed for recreation.
The area has a golf course, and a sports complex, named Tau Devi
Lal Sports complex. Tau Devi Lal Sports Complex has been popular
due to the ICL Cricket Tournaments here.
North of Chandimandir are hills and Pinjore as well as Kalka, due
west of Pinjore is the industrial area of Baddi. HMT factory is in
Pinjore and An ancillary industrial estate of HMT with built-up
sheds has been established. Bharat Electronics Limited
government of India Enterprise) was set up on approximately 23
hectares of land in Panchkula Industrial Area and today employs a
large work force.
Urban estate Panchkula has had 3 phases so far
Sectors 1 through to 19, and Industrial area this is shaped like a
large triangle, with the railway line being one side of the
triangle and the Zirakpur Kalka road being another. The Industrial
area is largely along the railway line. All the prime sectors and a
well developed market encompasses this triangle.
Sectors 20 through to 30.This has some sectors across the
Zirakpur-Kalka road and many on both sides of the banks of the
Ghagghar. This area is developing and with the yeras to come it
will be known as modern Panchkula.
Are the new announced sectors beyond Ramgarh, to the east of the
Places of tourist interest
Morni Hills are the offshoots of Shivalik range of the Himalayas, which run in two parallel ranges.
village of Morni (Bhoj Jabial) lies on the mountainside, at 1220
meters above mean sea level. Traditions assign the name of Morni to
a Queen who is believed to have ruled this area. Among the spurs of
hills, lie two lakes, the larger is about 550 meters long and 460
meters broad and the other about 365 meters either way. A hill
divides the two lakes but there is some hidden channel, as the
level of two lakes remains the same. The people look upon the lakes
as sacred. There is an old fort, which is now in ruins. The hills
are covered by pine trees. The climate is salubrious and the area
is suitable for trekking. The Haryana
has developed this hill resort and provides
facilities to tourists, a motorable road was constructed to connect
the Morni hills with Haryana State Highway near Panchkula. Haryana Tourism
has a hotel called "Mountain
Qail" there. There are also a Forest Department rest house named
"Lal Munia" and a PWD rest house for tourists. There is also a
Pinjore is famous
for the beautiful Mughal Gardens,
known as the Yadavindra Gardens.
perhaps the loveliest and the oldest in northern India. It is said
to have been made by Fidaikhan in the 17th century. The Haryana
tourism department has developed the whole complex. It has lighted
fountains, a restaurant, some rooms and a mini zoo. It has been renamed
as Yadavindra Gardens as a mark of respect to the late Yadavindra Singh Maharaja of the
earst while princely state of Patiala, Punjab.
main gate of the garden opens on the highest terrace and seven
terraces descend gradually into the distant boundary of the garden.
In the middle of the first terrace is the Shish Mahal in the
Rajasthani Mughal style with small windows and apertures. There is
a lyrical Hawa Mahal approached by steps on the side of the wall.
The second terrace is uplifted by large arched doorways, above
which there is the Rang Mahal, Cleverly devised by the architect,
the view of lower terraces is from the open hall way below. The
palace has an enormous upon courtyard. We descend, by concealed
steps on both sides of the big house, to the third terrace where
the cypresses and flowerbed lead down to dense groves of fruit
trees on each layer. The density of the dark green foliages evokes
brooding depths. The upward flow of water from the fountains cools
the eyes. There is a cube like Jal Mahal, with a square fountain
bad and a plinth to sit down on for pleasure. The next terrace is
flanked by denser groves of trees, lightened by the water devices
in the middle. The end structure of the doorway has recently been
made into a disc-like open-air theatre. The stiff outer wall of the
garden is reminiscent of the fort walls, which has now all around
dieter pavilions housing the zoo. Haryana Tourism
has a hotel called Buderigar
with an attached restaurant at the gardens
Pinjore is also an
historical place. Tools of Tower Paleolithic period fabricated
on Quartzite have been found from the
region stretching from Pinjore to Nalagarh.
Important sculptures and other antiquarian
remains recovered from the place can be assigned to the period
ranging between 9th century A.D. to 12th century A.D.
The Gurudwara Nada
is in Panchkula on the bank of Ghagar
along with his victorious army stayed at this
place on returning after glorious victory in the Battle of Bhangani
. Nadu Shah, a follower
of Guru Gobind Singh
served him. Guru ji blessed Nadu Shah and said that due to his
services, the place would be known by the name of Nada Sahib. Tens
of thousands of devotees visit the Gurudwara on the full moon day
(Pooranmashi) of every month.
Mansa Devi Temple
Devi's Temple was built by
Maharaja Gopal Singh, the ruler of Manimajra in 1815 A.D.
The temple is very
popular among patrons, for the Goddess is believed to grant boons
in keeping with her name Mansa Devi. Fairs are held in its vicinity
during the holy days of Navratra when devotees throng in lacs to
pay obeisence to Her. It also now has a larger temple adjoinng it
built by the Maharaja of Patiala. Haryana Tourism
operates a yatrika called
Jatayu at this location.
Spread over an area of in Panchkula, the Cactus Garden, also known
as the National Cactus and Succulent Botanical Garden and
, is Asia’s largest outdoor landscaped Cacti
and Succulents Garden.
Its collection of Indian succulents is considered the largest in
the world. The chief architect of the garden is Dr J.S. Sarkaria.
He donated a large collection of cacti and succulent plants. The
main aim of the garden is to preserve and conserve this endangered
species. Some of the endangered species found here includes a
complete collection of Genus Caralluma of Indian origin. With over
2500 species of cacti and succulents, this unique garden attracts a
large number of tourists as well as botanists. The cacti and
succulents are also known for its medical values.
The Cactus Show is a major show organized at the Cactus Garden. It
is usually conducted in the month of March, every year. People from
all over the region visit it.
Sector 5 Panchkula
Sector 5 has some commercial shops, as well as parks and theatres,
it has Yavanika, an open air amphitheatre, Vatika a garden with a
water body as well as an eating joint. Adjoining this is a musical
fountain park that is illuminated by coloured lighting in the
The city has beautiful gardens like town park, where people from
all walks of life come and enjoy; to beautify the city further more
many green belts are planted.
The popular schools in and around Panchkula include: -
- Bhavan Vidyalaya (Sector-15)
- Army School (Chandimandir)
- The British School
(Sector-8, 12 & 21)
- CL DAV Public School (Sector-11)
- DAV Model School (SECTOR 8)
- Delhi Public School
(Pinjore) - Day & Residential
- Gurukul (Sector-20)
- Blue bird high school(sector 16)
- Hallmark Public School
- Hansraj School
- Haryana Model Senior Secondary School (Sector 10)
- Kendriya Vidyalaya
Navodaya Vidyalaya, Mouli Panchkula
- Little Flower Convent School (Sector-14)
- Manav Mangal School
- Moti Ram Arya Modern Public School (Sector-7)
- Saarthak Public School
- Saint Soldier Divine Public School (Sector-16)
- Saupin's School (Sector-9)
- St. Xavier's School (Sector-20)
- Valley Public School, Mansadevi complex
- D. C. Model Sr. Sec. School
(Sector 7, Panchkula)
- Satluj Public School (Sector 2 & 4)
- Holy Child School (Sector 2 and Morni Road)
Popular colleges are:-
Hotels and restaurants
The restaurants in and around Panchkula
- Domino's Pizza (Sector
- Pizza Hut (Sector 8)
- Ruby Tuesday,
Fun Cinemas, Manimajra
- KFC (Sector 9)
- Subway (Sector
- Costa Coffee (Sector
- Cafe Coffee Day (Sector
- The Yellow Chilli
- Hot Millions (Sector
- Sagar Ratna (Sector
9) (SCO 325)'
- Athena, Fun Cinemas, Manimajra
- Gopal ji Sweets (Sector
- Anupam Sweets (Sector
- Chaman (Sector 20,
- Peninsula (SCO
363- 364), (Sector 8) Panchkula
- gopals sector-8
- Maa durga sweets
(Sector 11, 8, 7, 20)
- Panchkula Golf Course ( Sector 3)
- bakers oven
- CUPPA MOCHA
- The Superintendent
of Police or the SP, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service, is responsible
for maintaining Law & Order and related issues in the district.
The SP is assisted by the officers of the Haryana Police Service
and other Haryana Police officials.
- The Deputy
Conservator of Forests or the DCF, an officer belonging to the
Indian Forest Service, is
responsible for the management of the Forests, Environment and
Wild-Life in the district including the Morni-Pinjore Forest
Division. The DCF is assisted by the officers of the Haryana
Forest Service and other Haryana Forest officials and Haryana
- Sectoral development is looked after by the district
head/officer of each development department such as PWD, Health,
Education, Agriculture, Animal husbandry, etc. These officers are
from various Haryana state services.
Hill stations to visit near Panchkula
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