Pannerdens Kanaal (Pannerden
Canal) is a canal in the Netherlands that was dredged between 1701 and 1709 to cut off a
large, shallow bend of river Rhine and so
improve river traffic and water regulation.
now indistinguishable from a "real" river, forks off north from
river Waal a few kilometres past the point
where the Bijlands
Kanaal, a similar canal dug to cut off a Waal bend,
ends. It flows past the towns of Pannerden (right bank), which gives the canal its name, and
Angeren (left bank) and so north to the point where the old
Rhine bend flows into it and the river continues to the sea as Nederrijn (Lower Rhine).
The old Rhine
bend, cut off at its upstream
exists and is called, unsurprisingly, Oude Rijn