Paramakudi is a town, a
municipality in Ramanathapuram district in the Indian state of
Nadu. The river Vaigai flows
through Paramakudi on its way to the Bay of Bengal.
India census, Paramakudi had a population of 82,239. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Paramakudi has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: Male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 68%. In Paramakudi, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Paramakudi is an important Commercial center and highly populated
town in the Ramanathapuram district. As far as agriculture
isconcerned, Cotton and Chilly(red) are the mainly cultivated crops
in the villages surrounding the town. The price of Chilly in the
state is decided by the commission agents in this town. Few
neighbouring villages are fertile and cultivating paddy and banana
too. Most part of the town are having dry lands and the farmers are
making greens and vegetables and selling them in the daily market
of the town. As this place is in the border of Sivaganga district,
the people from there also come for survival here. Apart from
agriculture, Weaving plays a major role as a profession. A caste of
people Sourastras (might have come from Sourastram - Gujarat) are
weaving sarees and cloths. Village people are also growing cows,
cattle and goats and lead their life from them. Ramnad herd of
goats are famous even in Tanjore district. Thus paramakudi could be
categorized as a normal semi urban village of Tamil Nadu.
nearest towns include Ilaiyangudi, ramanathapuram, sivagangai.
Paramakudi's famous temples are Perumal Temple (Well known for
Chitra festival), Meenakshi amman temple and Muthalamman Temple
(Poo chorithal - adorance with flowers - vizha). Apart from these
Varadharaja Perumaal (Emaneswaram), Sri Hanuman, Eswaran,
Subramaniya Swami, Panchamuga Anjaneyar, Machadi karruppan, Siddhi
vinayagar and Murugan, Sathuraga nayaki amman in keelaperunkarai
are also blessing the people from their own temples. Alangara
Matha's church(Matha kovil), Appostalic fellowship
tabernacle(AFT)Church, Pentecostal Mission, Tamil Evangelical
Lutheran Church(TELC- Bording), Church of South India(Protestant
church), Christian Believers Assembly (Brethren), Maranatha Church,
Fr. Berkman’s Church, Roman Catholic Church - Kattu paramakudi are
some churches in the place.Paramakudi is having lot of mosques in
major part of the town keelapallivasal mosque is famous for its
minara which is about 120 feet tall.Other than this it has 6
mosques.In paramakudi all religion peoples are living
Historically this is not the head quarters of any king but was
ruled by Pandiyas and later by the King Sethupathi of
Ramanathapuram. As per the ancient epic Ramayana, Lord Rama started
his battle against Ravana from Sethu Samudram (which is 45 minutes
travel from here).
Paramakudi is 65 km (North West) aways from Madurai.
In the town, there is one arts college (Government) and two evening
colleges (Madurai Kamaraj and Alagappa) in Karaikudi. One
polytechnic college offers diploma courses. For higher studies, the
students are supposed to go to other towns and districts. Two
government schools and four aided schools are serving the students
in getting the secondary and higher secondary education. Lots of
middle and KG based schools are supported by various communities.
Government Arts college have MBA program
Cinema plays a vital role in recreating the mass. Children living
near the river bank (Emaneswaram, Melachathiram, Manjalpattinam...)
and also spend their evenings at the river or Children's Park .
Cricket is played by the children at the Government school grounds
on week ends. Chitra Festival is the unique festival here is the
event of perumaal visiting vaigai river on the full moon day of the
month of Chithirai (around May). On this day, Sri Sundara Raja
Perumaal in the form of Kallalagar (god, who blessed the thieves)
visits the river Vaigai in a golden chariat having 1000 wheels.
Thousands of people from the neighbhouring villages and towns
gather to welcome the lord and share their love and affection on
him. This is a unique festival for the people of any caste, group
and culture. This celebration will span for 10 days and starts on
the day of Meenakshi Thirukkalyanam. Meenakshi, the sister of our
Lord is getting married to Lord Shiva and Permumaal pays a visit to
that function. But before he arrives, the marriage is getting over
and Lord return back to his pavilion with disappointment. On his
way he blesses the thieves. This is the incident connected with the
festival. And Kaman pandigai also famous festival, this festival
mostly celebrating by only sourastrians.
Paramakudi assembly constituency is part of Ramanathapuram