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Parla is a municipality of the Madrid Metropolitan Area, Spainmarker. It is located in the southern part of the autonomous communitymarker, approximately 20 km from the capital, Madridmarker. It encompasses an area of 23.43 km² at an average altitude of 648.5 m AMSL. In 2008, the Instituto Nacional de Estadística reported the local population to be 108,051 inhabitants at a density of 4193.94 inhabitants/km².

History

The Church of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, more commonly known as Iglesia Vieja ("Old Church"), the oldest church in the municipality.


Origins

Earliest evidence of human occupation includes stone tools made of Paleolithic chert, of the kind utilized by Stone Age people. Starting in approximately 200 CE, nomadic people from the coast began to settle the area, bringing their knowledge of metalworking (copper), ranching, agriculture, and weaving. These early settlers lived primarily along the Humanejos stream.

During the 4th and 5th centuries CE, the ranks of the local populations swelled to include newly arrived Celtic tribes from central Europe. The Celts brought with them various advanced technologies that included ironworking and fired ceramics. The local population was sustained mostly by ranching and agriculture.

Independent local development was interrupted by the arrival of the Carthagineansmarker and Romans, the latter of whom recorded the history of the pre-Roman villages of the area. Local Roman artifacts include a number of grave markers and coins.

After the 711 CE Battle of Guadalete, which signified the beginning of the Islamic conquest of Hispania, Parla and its inhabitants were a part of the territory governed by the Umayyad Caliphate. Parla once again appeared as an independent township during the Reconquista.

Modern times

The territory was part of the Alfozmarker of Madrid, a Spanish medieval territorial designation for the land surrounding a village during the Reconquista. At the time, there were two major villages in the area: Parla, to the north, and Humanejos to the south. Humanejos disappeared around the year 1650.

The first document to reference Parla is a letter which King Alfonso XI of Castile wrote on in Trujillo, ceding control of the hamlet of Parla to the cardinal as payment for his help in the fight against the Moors. This document was later affirmed by King Peter of Castile on .

After the Peninsular War, Parla became home to a large number of poor refugees from other localities. Around this time it achieves the status of township.

Politics and government

List of Mayors
Term Name
1979-1983 Francisco González
1983-1987 Francisco González
1987-1991 Pedro Bermejo
1991-1995 José Manuel Ibáñez
1995-1999 José Manuel Ibáñez
1999-2003 Tomás Gómez Franco
2003-2007 Tomás Gómez Franco
2007-2008 Tomás Gómez Franco
2008-2011 José María Fraile


The current mayor is José María Fraile (PSOE), who was elected in 2008. The previous mayor, Tomás Gómez Franco, resigned from his post in October 2008 to accept the position of secretary general of the PSOE.

The majority of local politics involves three of the major political parties: the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), the People's Party , and the United Left .

During the 2007 Spanish regional elections, the PSOE carried 74.43% of the vote and retained 20 town councillors. In comparison, the People's Party carried only 16.61% of the vote (4 councillors), while the IU carried 6.15% (1 councillor). The other political parties were unable to obtain sufficient votes to gain representation on the town council.

Local elections take place every four years, and are held in conjunction with the autonomous elections of the Community of Madridmarker. The next elections will take place in the year 2011.

The local government is divided into the following departments (called concejalía):
  • Concejalía de Presidencia
  • Concejalía de Hacienda y Patrimonio
  • Concejalía de Seguridad Ciudadana
  • Concejalía de Recursos Humanos
  • Concejalía de Servicios Sociales
  • Concejalía de Mujer
  • Concejalía de Infancia
  • Concejalía de Tercera Edad
  • Concejalía de Cooperación Internacional
  • Concejalía de Áreas Territoriales
  • Concejalía de Obras
   
  • Concejalía de Medio Ambiente
  • Concejalía de Transportes
  • Concejalía de Planificación Urbanística y Desarrollo Industrial y Local
  • Concejalía de Empleo y Formación
  • Concejalía de Consumo, Comercio y Actividades
  • Concejalía de Juventud
  • Concejalía de Educación
  • Concejalía de Deportes
  • Concejalía de Cultura
  • Concejalía de Sanidad
  • Concejalía de Servicios Generales


Localization

The municipality of Parla covers an area of 24.43 km². It borders six municipalities of the community of Madrid: Fuenlabradamarker to the North; Torrejón de Velascomarker and Torrejón de la Calzadamarker to the South; Pinto to the East; and Griñónmarker and Humanes de Madridmarker to the West.

Its elevation is 648.5 meters above sea level.

Demographics

Evolution

At the beginning of the 20th century, Parla had a population of 1,237. The municipality then underwent a population explosion, until reaching its current population of 150,000 (INE 2008).

The majority of population growth occurred during the late 1960s due to the major urban migration that was occurring in Spainmarker at the time. Between 1960 and 1970, the population grew 470%, from 1,809 inhabitants to 10,317. This migration continued at an elevated rate during the 1970s, as people from Castilla-La Manchamarker, Andalusiamarker and Extremaduramarker settled in the area in order to commute to Madrid.

Starting in 1996, Parla once more began to experience an noticeable population growth, this time due to immigration from Algeriamarker, Moroccomarker, Romaniamarker, Polandmarker, and sub-saharan Africa. This trend continues today.

Future Growth

The population of Parla is forecast to reach 150,000 inhabitants by the year 2010.

Year 1960 1970 1975 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2004 2006 2008
Inhabitants 1,809 10,317 30,723 56,318 63,963 69,907 69,163 79,213 92,175 95,087 147,765


Notable inhabitants



Sister city



References



See also




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