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Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie ( , with the third syllable like "crumb") (6 June 1879 in Ashton upon Merseymarker23 March 1957 in Aston Tirroldmarker, Didcotmarker, Berkshire (now in Oxfordshire)) was an Englishmarker town planner. Educated at Uppingham Schoolmarker, Rutlandmarker; brother of Lascelles Abercrombie, poet and literary critic.

Sir Patrick trained as an architect before becoming the Professor of Civic Design at the Liverpool Universitymarker School of Architecture in 1915, and later Professor of Town Planning at University College Londonmarker. Afterwards, he made award-winning designs for Dublinmarker city centre and gradually asserted his dominance as an architect of international renown, which came about through the replanning of Plymouthmarker, Hullmarker, Bathmarker, Edinburghmarker and Bournemouthmarker, among others.

Sir Patrick was closely involved in the founding of the Council for the Preservation of Rural England (CPRE). After its formation in December 1926, he served as its Honorary Secretary.

He is best known for the post-World War II replanning of Londonmarker. He created the County of London Plan (1943) and the Greater London Plan (1944) which are commonly referred to as the Abercrombie Plan. The latter document was an extended and more thorough product than the 1943 publication, and for Abercrombie it was an accumulation of nearly 50 years of experience and knowledge in the field of planning and architecture.

In 1945 he published A Plan for the City & County of Kingston upon Hullmarker, with the assistance of Sir Edwin Lutyens. Lutyens had died the year before publication whilst much of the plan was being finalised, and the plan was ultimately rejected by the Councillors of Hull.

From the Abercrombie Plan plan came the New Towns movement which included the building of Harlowmarker and Crawleymarker and the largest 'out-county' estate, Harold Hillmarker in north-east London. Patrick Abercrombie was knighted in 1945.

In 1949 he published with Richard Nickson a plan for the redevelopment of Warwick, which proposed demolition of almost all the town's Victorian housing stock and construction of a large inner ring road.

During the postwar years, Sir Patrick was commissioned by the British government to redesign Hong Kongmarker. In 1956 he was commissioned by Haile Selassie to draw up plans for the capital of Ethiopiamarker, Addis Ababamarker.

In 1948 he became the first president of the newly formed group the International Union of Architects, or the UIA (Union Internationale des Architectes). The group now annually awards the Sir Patrick Abercrombie Prize, for excellence in town planning.

He died in 1957.

Buildings



Publications

  • Sir Patrick Abercrombie, The Preservation of Rural England, Hodder and Stoughton Ltd, London, 1926. The book that lead to the foundation of the CPRE.


  • Patrick Abercrombie and John Archibald, East Kent Regional Planning Scheme Survey, Kent County Council, Maidstone, 1925


  • The Earl of Mayo, S. D, Adshead and Patrick Abercrombie, The Thames Valley from Cricklade to Staines: A survey of its existing state and some suggestions for its future preservation, University of London Press, London, 1929


  • Patrick Abercrombie and Sydney A. Kelly, East Suffolk Regional Scheme, University of Liverpool, Liverpool and Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1935 (prepared for the East Suffolk Joint Regional Planning Committee).


  • J. H. Forshaw and Patrick Abercrombie, County of London Plan, Macmillan & Co. 1943.


  • J. Paton Watson and Patrick Abercrombie, A Plan for Plymouth, Underhill, (Plymouth). Ltd., 1943.


  • Edwin Lutyens & Patrick Abercrombie, A Plan for the City & County of Kingston upon Hull, Brown (London & Hull), 1945.


  • Patrick Abercrombie and Richard Nickson, WARWICK: Its preservation and redevelopment, Architectural Press, 1949.


  • Sir Patrick Abercrombie, Revised by D. Rigby Childs, "Town and Country Planning", Third Edition, Oxford University Press, 1959, Reprinted 1961 and 1967.


References

  1. G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 1.
  2. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, ISBN 0-550-18022-2, page 4
  3. Patrick Abercrombie and Richard Nickson, WARWICK: Its preservation and redevelopment, Architectural Press, 1949.


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