) are a Wintun
people native to the area of Northern California
. The Patwin were a
southern branch of the Wintun
native inhabitants of California from 1,000 up to 4,000
The Patwin were bordered by the Yuki
the northwest; the Nomlaki
(Wintun) in the
north; the Konkow
(Maiduan) in northeast; the
(Maiduan) and Valley Miwok
in the east; the Coast
in the southwest; and the Wappo
, and Pomo
in the west.
"Southern Patwins" lived between what is now Suisun, Vacaville and Putah Creek who by
1800 had been forced by Spanish and European invaders into small
tribal units - Ululatos (Vacaville), Labaytos (Putah Creek),
Malacas (Lagoon Valley), Tolenas (Upper Suisun Valley) and Suisunes (Suisun Marsh and Plain).
The Patwin spoke a Wintuan
Estimates for the pre-contact populations of most native groups in
California have varied substantially. (See Population of Native
California.) Alfred L.
(1925:883) put the 1770
population of the Wintun, including the Patwin, Nomlaki, and Wintu
proper, at 12,000. Sherburne F.
(1976a:180-181) estimated the
combined population of the Patwin and Nomlaki at 11,300, of which
3,300 represented the southern Patwin. He subsequently raised his
figure for the southern Patwin to 5,000 (Cook 1976b:8).
Kroeber estimated the population of the combined Wintun groups in
1910 as 1,000.
- Koh´pah de´-he
- Cook, Sherburne F. 1976a. The Conflict between the
California Indian and White Civilization. University of
California Press, Berkeley.
- Cook, Sherburne F. 1976b. The Population of the California
Indians, 1769-1970. University of California Press,
- Johnson, Patti J. 1978. "Patwin". In California,
edited by Robert F. Heizer, pp. 350-360. Handbook of North American
Indians, William C. Sturtevant, general editor, vol. 8. Smithsonian
Institution, Washington, D.C.
- Kroeber, A. L. 1925. Handbook of the Indians of
California. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 78.
- Mithun, Marianne. 1999. The Languages of Native North
America. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23228-7 (hbk);