Peace River (French: rivière de la Paix)
is a river in Canada that
originates in the Rocky Mountains of
Columbia and flows
through northern Alberta.
- This article is about the river. For the town in
Alberta see Peace River,
Alberta. For other uses see Peace River
The regions along the river are the traditional home of the
or Beaver people. The fur trader Peter Pond
believed to have visited the river in 1785. In 1788 Charles Boyer
of the North West Company
established a fur trading post at the river's junction with the
In 1792 and 1793, the explorer Alexander Mackenzie
up the river to the Continental
. Mackenzie referred to the river as
", from a native word meaning "large
river". The Peace River, or Unchaga
or Unjaja, was named after Peace Point near
Athabasca, where the
Treaty of the Peace came authorized with the smoking of a peace pipe.
The treaty ended the decades
of hostilities between the Beaver
branch) and the Cree
in which the Cree dominated the Beaver until a
in 1781 decimated the Cree. The treaty made the Beaver stay north
of the river and the Cree south.
In 1794, a
fur trading post was built on the Peace River at Fort St.
John, which was the first non-native settlement on the
British Columbia mainland.
The rich soils of the Peace River valley in Alberta have been
crops since the late 19th
century. The Peace River region is also an important centre of
production. There are also pulp
and paper plants along the river in British Columbia.
is 1,923 km long (from the head of Finlay River to Lake Athabasca).
It drains an area of approximately
. At Peace Point, where it drains in the
, it has an annual discharge
of 2161 m3
/s or 68,200,000 dam3
man-made lake, Williston
Lake, has been formed on the upper river by the
construction of the W. A. C. Bennett Dam for hydroelectric
Peace River Canyon from the air prior to inundation (area is now
the Peace Arm of Lake Williston).
The river then flows into Dinosaur Lake,
which serves as a reservoir for the Peace Canyon Dam
. After the dams, the
river flows east into Alberta and then continues north and east
into the Peace-Athabasca Delta in Wood Buffalo National Park, at the western end of Lake Athabasca. Water from the delta flows into the Slave River east of Peace Point and reaches the
Ocean via the Great Slave Lake and Mackenzie River.
Communities located directly on the river include:
provincial parks and wildland
reserves are established on the river, such as Butler Ridge
Provincial Park, Taylor
Landing Provincial Park, Beatton
River Provincial Park, Peace River Corridor
Provincial Park in British Columbia and Dunvegan
Provincial Park, Dunvegan West Wildland, Peace River
Wildland, Greene Valley Provincial Park, Notikewin Provincial Park, Wood Buffalo National Park in Alberta.
A few Indian reserves
located on the river banks, among them Beaver Ranch 163, John D'Or
Prairie 215, Fox Lake 162, Peace Point 222 and Devil's Gate
Tributaries of the Peace River include:
Northeastern British Columbia
- Pouce Coupe River
- Clear River
- Montagneuse River
- Hamelin Creek
- Ksituan River
- Hines Creek
- Saddle River
- Smoky River
- Heart River
- Whitemud River
- Cadotte River
- Notikewin River
- Wolverine River
- Buffalo River
- Keg River
- Boyer River
- Caribou River
- Wabasca River
- Mikkwa River
- Wentzel River
- Jackfish River
- Peace River. (2006). In Encyclopædia Britannica.
Retrieved September 12, 2006, from Encyclopædia Britannica Premium
- Coutts, M. E. (1958). Dawson Creek: Past and Present, An Historical
Sketch. Edmonton: Dawson Creek Historical Society.
- Alberta Environment - Alberta river basins