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The Peiligang culture (裴李崗文化, Péilǐgāng Wénhuà) is a name given by archaeologists to a group of Neolithic communities in the Yi-Luo river basin in Henan Provincemarker, Chinamarker. The culture existed from 7000 BC to 5000 BC. Over 70 sites have been identified with the Peiligang culture. The culture is named after the site discovered in 1977 at Peiligang (in Xinzhengmarker county). Archaeologists think that the Peiligang culture was egalitarian, with little political organization.

The culture practiced agriculture in the form of cultivating millet and animal husbandry in the form of raising pigs. The culture is also one of the oldest in ancient China to make pottery.

The site at Jiahu is one of the earliest sites associated with this culture.


  • Liu, Li. The Chinese Neolithic: Trajectories to Early States, ISBN 0-521-81184-8

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