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Pelham is a town in Westchester Countymarker, New Yorkmarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 11,866 at the 2000 census. Pelham contains two villages: Pelhammarker and Pelham Manormarker.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km²), of which, 2.2 square miles (5.6 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (2.27%) is water. It is directly north of the New York Citymarker's borough of the Bronxmarker and borders New Rochellemarker and Mount Vernonmarker.

History

In 1654, Thomas Pell bought the area within the present-day town from the Siwanoy Indians. He named his manor "Pelham" in honor of his tutor, Pelham Burton.

Pelham was incorporated as a town on March 7, 1788. It included all of City Islandmarker and present-day Pelham Bay Park east of the Hutchinson Rivermarker. In 1895, the town was reduced in size to its current boundaries. In 1891, the village of Pelham Manor incorporated. In 1896, the village of North Pelham and the village of Pelham incorporated. In 1975, the villages of North Pelham and Pelham merged, forming the present village of Pelham.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,866 people, 4,149 households and 3,190 families residing in the town. The population density was 5,523.4 people per square mile (2,130.9/km²). There were 4,246 housing units at an average density of 1,976.4/sq mi (762.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.33% White, 4.57% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 3.96% Asian, 1.82% from other races and 2.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.02% of the population.

There were 4,149 households out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.4% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present and 23.1% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64 and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $91,810 and the median income for a family was $111,502. Males had a median income of $74,760 versus $46,086 for females. The per capita income for the town was $51,548. About 2.2% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Pelham is home to four elementary schools (two for each village), one middle school and one high school. The schools are Hutchinson Elementary School, Colonial Elementary School, Siwanoy Elementary School, Prospect Hill Elementary School, Pelham Middle School, and Pelham Memorial High School. These are all part of the Pelham Union Free School District.

Notable people



References



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