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Pennsauken Township is a township in Camden Countymarker, New Jerseymarker, USAmarker, and a suburb of Philadelphiamarker. As of the 2000 census, the township population was 35,737.

Pennsauken Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 18, 1892, from portions of the now-defunct Stockton Township.

Pennsauken is home to a large industrial park that includes a Pepsi plant, Disc Makers, and J & J Snack Foods Corporation. The exact origin of the name Pennsauken is unclear but it is probably from the tongue of the Lenni Lenape people (a Native American group which once occupied the area). The Lenni Lenape term for "tobbaco pouch" is "Pindasenauken".

Geography

Pennsauken Township is located at (39.956562, -75.055918).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 12.2 square miles (31.6 km2), of which, 10.5 square miles (27.3 km2) of it is land and 1.6 square miles (4.3 km2) of it (13.54%) is water.

The township includes Petty's Islandmarker, a island in the Delaware River although most of the island actually sits across a narrow strait from neighboring Camdenmarker. Once an oil storage and distribution facility, the island is now the site of a container cargo shipping operation and nesting bald eagles. Petty's Island is currently the focal point of the township's waterfront redevelopment plan.

Pennsauken borders Philadelphiamarker, Pennsylvaniamarker. The two municipalities are connected across the Delaware River by the Betsy Ross Bridge which is owned and operated by the Delaware River Port Authority. In New Jersey, Pennsauken borders Camdenmarker, Collingswoodmarker, Merchantvillemarker, Cherry Hillmarker, Palmyramarker, Maple Shademarker and Cinnaminsonmarker.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 35,737 people, 12,389 households, and 9,093 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,392.4 people per square mile (1,310.4/km2). There were 12,945 housing units at an average density of 1,228.8/sq mi (474.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 60.10% White, 24.18% African American, 0.35% Native American, 4.58% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 8.27% from other races, and 2.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.34% of the population.

There were 12,389 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the township the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $47,538, and the median income for a family was $52,760. Males had a median income of $37,652 versus $30,100 for females. The per capita income for the township was $19,004. About 6.1% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Local government

Pennsauken Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

Members of the Pennsauken Township Committee are Mayor Rick Taylor, Deputy Mayor Bill Orth, Jack Killion, John Kneib and Greg Schofield. The Township's Administrator is Bob Cummings.

Federal, state and county representation

Pennsauken Township is in the First Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 7th Legislative District.

Education

The Pennsauken Public Schools serve public school students in prekindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Baldwin Early Childhood Learning Center for PreK (144 students), seven K-4 elementary schools — Burling, Carson (294), Delair (377), George B. Fine (264), Franklin (388), Longfellow (183), Theodore Roosevelt (230) — Pennsauken Intermediate School (5&6; 843), Howard M. Phifer Middle School (7&8; 954) andPennsauken High Schoolmarker for grades 9-12 (1,812).

Students from Merchantvillemarker attend the district's high school as part of a sending/receiving relationship.

Also available in the township is the Pennsauken Technical High Schoolmarker, which offers day and evening classes.nBishop Eustace Preparatory Schoolmarker is a coeducational, private high school for students in grades 9-12, founded in 1954 by the priests and brothers of the Society of the Catholic Apostolate (the Pallottines). St. Cecilia School and St. Stephen's School are elementary schools that operate under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.

Transportation

The Pennsauken-Route 73marker station on the River Linemarker offers service between Trentonmarker and Camdenmarker.

New Jersey Transit bus service to Philadelphiamarker is available on the 317, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407, 409, 413, 419 routes, with local service available on the 452.

Notable residents and history

Notable current and former residents of Pennsauken Township include:

In addition, Pennsauken was home to America's first drive-in movie theater, created in 1933 with the opening of the Camden Drive-In in Pennsauken. It featured the comedy Wives Beware, released in the theaters as Two White Arms.

References

  1. "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 108.
  2. Pennsauken: Centuries of growth, The Courier-Post, October 19, 2006.
  3. 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 38.
  4. Government, Pennsauken township. Accessed January 20, 2008.
  5. 2008 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 62. Accessed September 30, 2009.
  6. Data for the Pennsauken Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 10, 2008.
  7. Florio, Gwen. "LOOKING BEYOND THE SCHOOL DECISION TIME TO MAKE UP, OFFICIALS SAY, AFTER A DECADE OF FUSSING.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, September 21, 1992. Accessed July 10, 2008. "Ever since its own high school closed in 1972, the Borough of Merchantville has been sending its public school students to Pennsauken High School."
  8. Pennsauken Technical High School, Camden County Technical Schools. Accessed July 20, 2008.
  9. Camden County Schools, Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. Accessed July 10, 2008.
  10. Camden County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit. Accessed June 21, 2007.
  11. Bill Gosper, Vintage Computer Festival. Accessed January 3, 2007.
  12. Bloom, Earl. "The 49ers' Taylor and Chargers' Griggs grew up in Pennsauken, N.J.", The Orange County Register, January 29, 1995. Accessed June 10, 2007. "The residents of Remington Street in Pennsauken, N.J., will have a particularly high interest in Super Bowl 29 today. San Diego Chargers outside linebacker David Griggs and San Francisco 49ers wide receiver John Taylor grew up on the same block in the town of 35,000 near Philadelphia."
  13. Strauss, Robert. "The Drive-In Theater Tries a Comeback; Looking for a Few Hundred Adventurous Moviegoers", The New York Times, July 23, 2004. Accessed March 26, 2008. "The nation's first drive-in theater was built by the Hollingshead family along the tawdry Admiral Wilson Boulevard in Pennsauken, N.J., in 1933."


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