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The People's Liberation Army of Macedonia ( , transliterated: Narodnoosloboditelna Vojska na Makedonija, NOV; Croatian, Serbian: Narodnooslobodilačka vojska Makedonije, Народноослободилачка војска Македоније, NOV), often referred to as the Macedonian People's Liberation Army and the National Liberation Army of Macedonia, was a Communist resistance army formed in present-day Republic of Macedoniamarker during the People's Liberation War of Macedonia in the Second World War. The term is also used to denote the participation of ethnic Macedonians in the Yugoslav Partisans as well as other Communist resistance organisations operating in Macedonia during the Second World War.

History

The anti-Axis resistance started on 11 October, 1941, with the emergence of the Macedonian Partisan military units which, during the course of the war, grew into the People's Liberation Army of Macedonia. The date of the creation of its major unit, the Mirče Acev battalion, on August 18, 1943 on Mount Slavej between Ohridmarker, Lake Ohridmarker and Kičevomarker (is officially celebrated in the Republic of Macedoniamarker as the Day of the Army of the Republic of Macedonia).

Members of the Veles-Prilep Partisan detachment, one of the earliest organized resistance movements.


On 11 November, 1943, the 1st Macedonian Kosovo Shock Brigade was formed in western Macedonia by merging two Vardar Macedonian and one Kosovomarker battalion. The second — larger ethnic Macedonian military unit was the 2nd Macedonian Shock Brigade, formed on 22 December, 1943 just across the border in Greek Macedoniamarker. On 26 February, 1944 in the village of Zegljane, near Kumanovomarker, the 3rd Macedonian Shock Brigade was formed. These three brigades were the nucleus of the People's Liberation Army of Macedonia, which after constant battles became stronger in numbers. From March, 1944, until the final military operations in the National Liberation War, the People's Liberation Army of Macedonia had increased to three Corps, seven divisions and thirty brigades, all with a total of 100,000 soldiers.

The Army was led by the Main Headquarters of the People’s Liberation Army and the Partisan Units of Macedonia, headed by Mihajlo Apostolski.

Commanders



Orders of battle

Units of the Macedonian National Liberation Army were organised within the framework of the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia.

Brigades

  • 1st Macedonian Auto-Brigade
  • 1st Macedonian Cavalry Brigade
  • 1st Aegean Assault Brigade
  • 1st Macedonian Brigade
  • 2nd Macedonian Brigade
  • 3rd Macedonian Brigade
  • 4th Macedonian Brigade
  • 5th Macedonian Brigade
  • 6th Macedonian Brigade
  • 7th Macedonian Brigade
  • 8th Macedonian Brigade
  • 9th Macedonian Brigade
  • 10th Macedonian Brigade
  • 11th Macedonian Brigade
  • 12th Macedonian Brigade
  • 13th Macedonian Brigade
  • 14th Macedonian Brigade Dimitar Vlahov
  • 15th Macedonian Brigade
  • 16th Macedonian Brigade
  • 17th Macedonian Brigade
  • 18th Macedonian Brigade
  • 19th Macedonian Brigade
  • 20th Macedonian Brigade
  • 21st Macedonian Brigade
  • 11th Macedonian Brigade (41st Macedonian Division)


Corps

  • 15th Corps (operated in Zemunmarker)
  • 16th Corps
  • Bregalnica-Strumica Corps


Divisions

  • 41st Macedonian Division (General Staff of Macedonia)
  • 42nd Macedonian Division (15th Corps)
  • 48th Macedonian Division (15th Corps)
  • 49th Macedonian Division
  • 50th Macedonian Division
  • 51st Macedonian Division
  • Kumanovo Division


See also



References

  1. “НОБ на Македонија“ Јован Поповски. Скопје, 1962
  2. "Историја на Македонскиот Народ" Александар Стојановски, Иван Катарџиев, Данчо Зографски. Скопје, 1988
  3. Зимските операции на Македонска војска 1943/44 - Раде Гогов, носител на "Партизанска споменица 1941" [1]
  4. History of the Army of the Republic of Macedonia - World War II - Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Macedonia Official site


External links




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