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Peoria County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinoismarker. As of 2006, the population was 182,495. Its county seat is Peoriamarker, Illinoismarker .

Peoria County is part of the Peoria, Illinois, Metropolitan Statistical Area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 631 square miles (1,634 km²), of which 620 square miles (1,605 km²) is land and 11 square miles (29 km²) (1.80%) is water.

Major highways


Townships are given by relative location.
Millbrookmarker Princevillemarker Akron Hallockmarker Chillicothemarker
Brimfieldmarker Jubileemarker Radnormarker Medinamarker
Elmwoodmarker Rosefieldmarker Kickapoomarker Richwoodsmarker City of Peoria
Trivolimarker Loganmarker Limestonemarker West Peoriamarker
Timbermarker Hollismarker

Adjacent counties

Cities and towns

Unincorporated communities


As of the census of 2000, there were 183,433 people, 72,733 households, and 47,130 families residing in the county. The population density was 296 people per square mile (114/km²). There were 78,204 housing units at an average density of 126 per square mile (49/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.38% White, 16.10% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.66% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. 2.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.8% were of German, 10.2% Irish, 9.1% Americanmarker and 8.9% English ancestry according to Census 2006.

There were 72,733 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.20% were non-families. 29.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,705, and the median income for a family was $50,592. Males had a median income of $40,840 versus $25,335 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,219. About 10.00% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.50% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.


Peoria County was formed in 1825 out of Fulton Countymarker. It was named for the Peoria, an Illiniwek people who lived there. It included most of the western valley of the Illinois River up to the Chicago river portage.

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