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Pert Kelton (October 14, 1907 – October 30, 1968) was an American vaudeville, movie, radio and television actress who first played Alice Kramden in The Honeymooners with Jackie Gleason. She performed in a dozen Broadway productions between 1925 and 1968.

Television

Kelton was the original Alice Kramden in The Honeymooners comedy sketches on the DuMont Television Network's Cavalcade of Stars. These sketches formed the eventual basis for the 1955 CBS sitcom The Honeymooners. Jackie Gleason starred as her husband Ralph Kramden, and Art Carney as their upstairs neighbor Ed Norton. Elaine Stritch played Trixie, the burlesque dancer wife of Norton, for one sketch before being replaced by Joyce Randolph.

Kelton appeared in the original sketches, generally running about 10 to 20 minutes, shorter than the later one-season half-hour series and 1960s hour-long musical versions. This early incarnation of The Honeymooners was darker and harsher than the softened, toned-down CBS version that appeared after Kelton was blacklist during the McCarthy era and replaced by Audrey Meadows. The arguments and comedy were harrowingly realistic, almost like watching your neighbors through a keyhole.

In the 1960s, she was invited back to Gleason's CBS show to play Alice's mother in an episode of the hour-long musical version of The Honeymooners (also known as The Color Honeymooners), with Sheila MacRae as a fetching young Alice. By this time, the original age discrepancies were reversed, with Ralph married to a much younger Alice than himself.

Films

Kelton was a young comedienne in A-list movies during the 1930s, often as the leading lady's wisecracking and equally attractive best friend. She had a memorable turn in 1933 as dance hall singer "Trixie" in Raoul Walsh's The Bowery alongside Wallace Beery, George Raft, Jackie Cooper and Fay Wray. Directed by Raoul Walsh, the film depicted Steve Brodie, the first man to supposedly jump off the Brooklyn Bridgemarker and live to brag about it. Kelton sings to a rowdily appreciative crowd in a bawdy dive, using a curious New York accent to good comedic effect.

As the witty young Minnie in Gregory LaCava's pre-Code comedy Bed of Roses (1933), she played a bawdy prostitute (along with Constance Bennett) fond of getting admiring men helplessly drunk before robbing them, at least until getting caught and tossed back into jail. Kelton has all the best lines, surprisingly wicked and amusing observations that would never be allowed in an American film after the Hollywood Production Code was adopted. The movie remains realistic in terms of the interactions of the characters and features an early turn by Joel McCrea as the leading man, a small boat skipper who pulls Minnie from the river after she dives to escape capture.

Ironically, given her later blacklisting, Kelton's last movie for years was called Whispering Enemies (1939). Her next screen appearance was on television in The Honeymooners and other sketches on the Gleason show. Kelton's abrupt departure due to the blacklist was explained away as a result of "heart problems".

Radio

During the 1940s, she was a familiar radio voice on such programs as Easy Aces, It's Always Albert, The Magnificent Montague, The Stu Erwin Show and the 1941 soap opera We Are Always Young. In 1949, she did the voices of five different characters on radio's The Milton Berle Show,

Broadway

Kelton made her Broadway debut at age 17 in Jerome Kern's Sunny. She played "Magnolia" and sang a song of the same name.

Years later, she was twice nominated for Tony Awards: in 1960, as Best Supporting or Featured Actress (Musical) for Frank Loesser's Greenwillow and as Best Supporting or Featured Actress (Dramatic) for Spofford (1967-68). However, her most memorable Broadway appearance was as the impatient Mrs. Paroo (the mother of Marian Paroo) in Meredith Willson's The Music Man (1957), which she reprised in the 1962 film adaptation, the role for which she is probably best remembered.

In her last years, she was strongly identified with Spic and Span because of her TV commercials for that product.

Kelton died of heart disease at age 61.

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