Perth is a town in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario, Canada (pop.
- For the Ontario county, see Perth County,
6,003 in 2001
). It is located on the Tay River, 83 km southwest of
Ottawa, and is the seat of Lanark County.
Its centre is
located at 44 degrees, 53 minutes, 59.97 seconds N, 76 degrees, 14
minutes, 59.99 seconds W; or in Universal Transverse Mercator Zone
18 at GR 401300 E, 4972600 N, or more simply VQ 013726.
The town was established as a military settlement in 1816
, shortly after the War of
. Many of the first settlers were military
veterans on half pay, while others were immigrants from Scotland or Ireland.
the Scottish immigrants were stonemasons;
their work can be seen in many area buildings and in the locks of
The first secretary/stores-keeper (and eventually postmaster and
superintendent) of the settlement was Daniel Daverne, brought up
from the Quarter Masters General Department in Kingston ON to
assume these positions.
Perth is home to Canada's oldest pioneer burying ground, St. Paul's
United Church Cemetery, or The Old Methodist Burying Ground.
Near the town is the home of world show
champion Ian Millar
Millar Brooke Farm where his great horse Big Ben
(1976-1999) is buried. The town has
erected a bronze life-sized statue of the horse and Ian Millar,
across from the Code's Mill building.
This town was the site of the last fatal duel
in the province. Robert Lyon
law student, was killed on June 13, 1833 after an argument with a
former friend, John Wilson.
Perth is also the site of the first installation of a telephone
other than Bell's experimental installations. A town dentist, Dr.
J. F. Kennedy and friend of Alexander Graham Bell
direct telephone connection between his home and office. By 1887,
there were 19 telephones in Perth, with a switchboard in Dr.
In 1893 a
22,000 pound cheese known as the 'Mammoth
Cheese' was produced in Perth to be exhibited in Chicago at the
Columbian Exposition to promote Canadian Cheese around the
See a history of the mammoth
Sites and attractions
Historic downtown Perth
For the visitor looking for alternatives to the big city shopping
malls, the heritage downtown core of today's Perth consists of
dozens of unique stores, boutiques, specialty shops and
restaurants, including crafts, antiques and flea market, and summer
Farmers' and Craft Markets. Most of these operate out of the
century old stone buildings in town. The drugstore on Foster Street
in the downtown core (now called Perth Pharmasave, formerly
Girdwood's Drug Store) is the oldest continually operating pharmacy
in Canada. The Perth Courier is the second-oldest weekly newspaper
in Canada. It was independently owned for 155 years until sold in
2006 to a larger publisher. The Links O'Tay Golf course, walking
distance from the downtown core, began its trek through golfing
history in 1890 and is now Canada's oldest continuously operating
golf course. The Perth Citizens's Band, still giving concerts in
the band stand behind City Hall, is a tradition dating back over
150 years. The band is Canada's oldest active town band. The Perth
Citizens Band accompanied the Mammoth Cheese to the Chicago World's Fair
An interesting feature of the downtown core is the Crystal Palace,
constructed from the discarded remnants of the glass street
enclosures that used to be on Rideau Street
in nearby Ottawa. This
structure houses the Perth Farmers' and Craft Markets on summer
At the edge of town there is an interesting Round Garden
for the blind. On a circular
walkway, raised beds have signs in English, French and Braille.
Attention is paid to the senses other than sight.Perth is the
winner of multiple awards including the "Prettiest town in Ontario"
and the Prince of Wales Award for architectural preservation. In
the summer of 2006, Canada AM selected Perth as one of four unique
communities from across Canada to feature on their Breakfast
An interactive GIS Map of the town of Perth is available on the
Town of Perth Site: GIS Map of Perth
Perth Town Hall, built in 1863
- Population in 2006: 5907 (2001 to 2006 population change: -1.6
- Population in 2001: 6003
- Population in 1996: 5886 (or 5902 when adjusted for 2001
- Population in 1991: 5576
Total private dwellings, excluding seasonal cottages: 2904 (total:
- English as first language: 94.1 %
- French as first language: 2.3 %
- English and French as first language: 0.2 %
- Other as first language: 3.4 %
Hockey is very popular in Perth as it has been home to senior and
junior teams. Currently, Perth is represented by the Blue Wings in
the Eastern Ontario Junior "B" Hockey League. Perth was home to a
professional baseball team for two years (1936-37) as part of the
Both high schools in Perth also offer a variety of other sports,
such as basketball, football, soccer and track.
Curling is also a favourite sport in Perth. The Perth Curling Club
is one of the oldest curling clubs in the Ottawa Valley. It is best
known for the fatal curling incident of 1931. Tony Fournier, a
resident of Perth, slipped on a banana peel which was inadvertently
dropped on the ice by his wife Lisa. Lisa stood to inherit all of
Tony's possessions, making it a famous scandal for the small
Notable People from Perth
- Herbert Taylor Reade, an
assistant surgeon with the 61st Regiment, he was awarded the
Victoria Cross for his gallantry in the siege of Delhi in
- Marks Brothers, who were billed
as the Canadian Kings of Repertoire and the most remarkable
theatrical family in Canadian history.
- Ian Millar, Olympic equestrian
gold-medalist and prolific show-jumper
- Billy Smith, Hall of
Fame NHL Goaltender
- Floyd Smith, former NHLer
- Mike Brown, Olympian,
- Les Douglas, former NHLer and winner
of the Stanley Cup with the Detroit Red Wings.
- Gord Smith, former NHLer
- Sultana Frizell, Olympian
Montgomery, Poker Player
- Nick Tritton, Olympian, Judo