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The Peruvian Air Force ( , abbreviated FAP) is the branch of the Peruvianmarker Armed Forces tasked with defending the nation and its interests through the use of air power. Additional missions include assistance in safeguarding internal security, conducting disaster relief operations and participating in international peacekeeping operations.

History

On May 20, 1929, the aviation divisions of the Peruvian Army and Navy were merged into the Cuerpo de Aviación del Perú (Peruvian Aviation Corps, abbreviated CAP). During the Colombia-Peru War of 1933, its Vought O2U Corsair and Curtiss F11 Hawk planes fought in the Amazon region. The CAP lost three aircraft to the Colombian Air Force . The corps was renamed Cuerpo Aeronáutico del Perú (Peruvian Aeronautical Corps, also abbreviated CAP) on March 12, 1936. In 1941, the CAP participated in the Peruvian-Ecuadorian War. At that time, the CAP were equipped with Caproni Ca.114 and North American NA.50 Torito fighters, Douglas 8A-3P attack fighters and Caproni Ca.310 Libeccio bombers, among others.

During the presidency of Manuel A. Odría the corps was reorganized again and on July 18, 1950 it became the Fuerza Aérea del Perú (Air Force of Peru, abbreviated FAP). The service underwent a period of considerable expansion through out the 1970s and early 1980s which included the introduction of an important number of Sovietmarker-made aircraft, including Sukhoi Su-22 bombers and Antonov An-24 and An-32 transport aircraft. In 1982, during the Falklands War, the Peruvian Air Force transferred ten of their Mirage 5P to the Argentine Air Force as a measure of solidarity. The economic crisis of the later 1980s forced reductions in the fleet size as well as cuts in training and general readiness.

Under those conditions the FAP fought the Cenepa War against Ecuadormarker in 1995 and lost nine planes and helicopters. After the war, in 1996 the FAP acquired MiG-29 fighters and in 1998 Su-25 attack fighters arrived, which along with Mirage 2000 fighters acquired in the late 1980s, are currently the main combat elements of the FAP.

Organization

The current Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force of Peru is General Miguel Ángel Gómez Vizcarra. Aerial forces are subordinated to the Ministry of Defense and ultimately to the President as Commander-in-Chief of the Peruvian Armed Forces. Operational units are organized as follows:

Ala Aérea Nº 1

1st Air Wing, headquartered at Piuramarker

  • Grupo Aéreo Nº 6 (6th Air Group) based at Chiclayomarker
    • Escuadrón Aéreo 612 (Fighter Squadron 612 "Cock Fighters") - operating MiG-29S/SE/UB
  • Grupo Aéreo Nº 7 (7th Air Group) based at Piuramarker
    • Escuadrón Aéreo 711 (Fighter Squadron 711 "Scorpions") - operating A-37B
  • Grupo Aéreo Nº 11 (11th Air Group) based at Talaramarker
    • Escuadrón Aéreo 112 (Fighter Squadron 112 "Tigers") - operating Su-25/UB


Ala Aérea Nº 2

2nd Air Wing, headquartered at Callaomarker

  • Grupo Aéreo Nº 3 (3rd Air Group) based at Callaomarker
    • Escuadrón Aéreo 332 (Medium-Airlift Helicopter Squadron 332) - operating Mi-17, Bell 212 and Bell 412
  • Grupo Aéreo Nº 8 (8th Air Group) based at Callaomarker
    • Escuadrón Aéreo 811 (Transport Squadron 811) - operating An-32 and L-100


Ala Aérea Nº 3

3rd Air Wing, headquartered at Arequipamarker
  • Grupo Aéreo Nº 2 (2nd Air Group) based at Vítor
    • Escuadrón Aéreo 211 (Attack Helicopter Squadron 211) - operating Mi-25D


  • Grupo Aéreo Nº 4 (4th Air Group) based at La Joya
    • Escuadrón Aéreo 411 (Fighter Squadron 411 "Hawks") - operating Mirage 2000P/DP
    • Escuadrón Aéreo 513 (Advance Training Squadrons 513) - operating MB-339AP [on loan from 51st Air Group]


  • Grupo Aéreo Nº 51 (51st Air Group) based at Piscomarker
    • Escuadrón Aéreo 511 (Basic Training Squadron 511) - operating Zlin 242L
    • Escuadrón Aéreo 512 (Intermediate Training Squadron 512) - operating EMB-312


Ala Aérea Nº 5

5th Air Wing, headquartered at Iquitosmarker

  • Grupo Aéreo Nº 42 (42nd Air Group) based at Iquitosmarker - operating PC-6 and DHC-6


Personnel

SA-3 Pechora SAM on display at Las Palmas Airbase - 2006


Personnel (as of 2001)
Commissioned Officers 1,909
Non-commissioned officers 7,559
Cadets 325
NCO in training 296
Enlisted 7,880
Civilians 8,708
Total 17,969
(excl. civilians)


Equipment

Numbers shown below are derived from open sources, they should be regarded as estimates due to lack of confirmation from official sources.

Aircraft Origin Type Version In service Notes
Sukhoi Su-22 attack aircraft Su-22M3
Su-22UM3
10
1
In storage
Dassault Mirage 2000 multirole fighter Mirage 2000P
Mirage 2000DP
10
2
An US$ 140 million budget was announced in Le Bourget Airshow 2009 to invest in the recovery of the Mirage 2000 fleet.
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 tactical fighter MiG-29S
MiG-29SE
MiG-29UB
14
3
2
Contract signed on August 12, 2008 for US$ 106 million with Mikoyan

for a custom-made SMT upgrade of eight MiG-29S called MiG-29SMP
Sukhoi Su-25 attack aircraft Su-25
Su-25UB
10
8
Cessna A-37 Dragonfly light attack aircraft A-37B 12
Aermacchi MB-339 trainer aircraft MB-339AP 14
Embraer EMB 312 Tucano trainer aircraft EMB-312 18
Zlin Z 142 trainer aircraft Zlin 242L 17
Fairchild C-26 Metroliner surveillance C-26B 3
Boeing 737 transport
transport
VIP transport
737-200
737-300
737-500
2
3
1
Lockheed C-130 Hercules transport L-100-20 5 2 in storage
Antonov An-32 transport An-32B 5
Harbin Y-12 transport Y-12 II 5
Dassault Falcon 20 VIP transport Falcon 20F 1
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter utility aircraft
seaplane
DHC-6 5
Lear Jet 36 light transport
reconnaissance
Lear Jet 36A 2
Pilatus PC-6 liaison PC-6 9
Mil Mi-17 transport helicopter Mi-17 14
Mil Mi-24 attack helicopter Mi-25D 16
Bell 212 utility helicopter Bell 212 6
Bell 412 utility helicopter Bell 412EP 1 Originally 2, second unit fate is unknown
Bölkow Bo 105 utility helicopter Bo-105LS 5
Schweizer 300 utility helicopter Schweizer 300C 6


Recently retired aircraft

Aircraft Origin Type Version In service Notes
English Electric Canberra bomber aircraft B.Mk.12/56
T.Mk.4
4
1
Retired from inventory in June 14, 2008
Dassault Mirage 5 attack aircraft Mirage 5P4
Mirage 5DP4
10
2
Retired from inventory in June 14, 2008
Fokker F-28 transport F-28 1 Former presidential transport. Transferred to TANS Perú and lost in 2003. See TANS Peru Flight 222.
Douglas DC-8 transport DC-8-62CF 1 Grounded, awaiting disposal
Boeing 707 aerial refueling
transport
707-323KC 1 Grounded, awaiting disposal
Lear Jet 25 light transport
reconnaissance
Lear Jet 25B 2 Retired in May 1999


Gallery

File:MiG-29SEFAP.jpg|MiG-29 on display, Las Palmas Air BaseImage:PIC 0013 copy.jpg|Mirage 2000P on display at Halcon-Condor 2007 festivalImage:FAP_Su-22.jpg|The Sukhoi Su-22 was the backbone of the Peruvian Air Force until the late 90sImage:Antonov FestChiclayo07.jpg|Antonov An-32B taxing at Quiñones Air Base, ChiclayomarkerImage:A37B Peru 2008.jpg|A-37B on display at Capitán Concha Air Base, PiuramarkerImage:FAP Bell 212.jpg|Bell 212 armed with rocket pods

Notes

  1. Acig.org: The Most Powerful Air Force in Latin America
  2. http://www.resdal.org/art-rial.htm, based on Supreme Decree DS No. 69 DE/SG of 2001.
  3. FUERZA AÉRA DEL PERÚ FIRMA CONTRATO PARA REPARAR MIG29. Ministry of Defense (2008-08-12). Retrieved on 2008-08-13.
  4. Supreme Decree No. 009-2008-DE/FAP. June 14, 2008.
  5. Supreme Decree No. 010-2008-DE/FAP. June 14, 2008.

Sources



See also



External links






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