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Pest ( ; ) is the eastern, mostly flat part of Budapestmarker, comprising about two thirds of Budapest's territory. It is divided from Buda, the other part of Budapest, by the Danube River. Among its most notable parts are the Inner Citymarker, including the Hungarian Parliamentmarker, Heroes' Squaremarker and Andrássy Avenuemarker. In colloquial Hungarian, Pest is often used for the whole capital of Budapest.

History

Pest was a separate independent city, references to which appear in writings dating back to 1148. In earlier centuries there were ancient Celtic and Roman settlements there. Pest became an important economic center during 11th–13th centuries. It was destroyed in the 1241 Mongol invasion of Hungary but rebuilt once again soon thereafter. In 1838 it was flooded by the Danube. In 1849 the first suspension bridge, the Széchenyi Chain Bridgemarker, was constructed across the Danube connecting Pest with Buda. Consequently, in 1873, the two cities were unified with Óbudamarker to become Budapestmarker.

Notable people

List of people from Budapest

See also



References



External links




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