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Petronila Ramírez (Huesca, 29 June 1136 – Barcelona, 15 October 1173), whose name is also spelled Petronilla or Petronella (Aragonese Peyronela or Payronella, and ), was Queen of Aragon from 1137 until 1164. She was the daughter and successor of Ramiro II and Agnes of Aquitaine.

Petronila came to the throne through special circumstances. Her father, Ramiro, was bishop of Barbastro-Roda when his brother, Alfonso I, died heirless in 1134 and left the crown to the three religious military orders. Instead, the nobility of Aragon raised Ramiro to the throne. As king, he received a papal dispensation to abdicate from his monastic vows in order to secure the succession to the throne. King Ramiro the Monk, as he is known, married Agnes, daughter of Duke William IX of Aquitainemarker and Gasconymarker, and through her produced an heiress, Petronila. At one year old, Petronila was bethrothed (Barbastromarker, 11 August 1137) to Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona. Immediately thereafter, Ramiro abdicated in favour of Petronila and Ramon Berenguer and returned to monastic life.

Petronila married Ramon Berenguer in 1150. Upon his death, Petronila renounced the crown of Aragon in favour of her eldest son, Ramon, who, in compliment to the Aragonese, changed his name to Alfonso. Her son was the first ruler of both Aragon and Catalonia (where he is known as Alfons I) thereby establishing the dynastic union between the two countries that lasted until the Crown of Aragon was dissolved in 1707. Alfonso II was seven years old when on 18 July 1164 Petronila abdicated. She died in Barcelonamarker in 1173 and was buried at Barcelona cathedral; her tomb was lost.



  • Bisson, Thomas N. (2000). The Medieval Crown of Aragon: A Short History. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Chaytor, Henry John. (1933). A History of Aragon and Catalonia. London: Methuan Publishing.

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