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Philip Toll Hill, Jr., (April 20, 1927August 28, 2008) was a United Statesmarker automobile racer and the only American-born driver to win the Formula One World Drivers' Championship. Hill was described as a "thoughtful, gentle man" and once said, "I'm in the wrong business. I don't want to beat anybody, I don't want to be the big hero. I'm a peace-loving man, basically."

Career

Born in Miami, Floridamarker, Hill was raised in Santa Monica, Californiamarker, where he lived until his death. He studied business administration at the University of Southern Californiamarker from 1945-47 where he was a member of the Kappa Sigma fraternity. Hill left early to pursue auto racing, working as a mechanic on other drivers' cars. Hill began racing cars at an early age, going to Englandmarker as a Jaguar trainee in 1949 and signing with Enzo Ferrari’s team in 1956. He made his debut in the French Grand Prix at Reimsmarker Francemarker in 1958 driving a Maseratimarker. That same year, paired with Belgianmarker teammate Olivier Gendebien, Hill became the first American-born winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans with Hill driving most of the night in horrific rainy conditions. He and Gendebien would go on to win the famous endurance race again in 1961 and 1962.



Hill began driving full-time for the Ferrari Formula One team in 1959, earning three podium finishes and fourth place in the Driver's Championship. In 1960 he won the Italian Grand Prix at Monzamarker, the first Grand Prix win for an American driver in nearly forty years, since Jimmy Murphy won the 1921 French Grand Prix. The following season, Hill won the Belgian Grand Prix and with two races left trailed only his Ferrari teammate Wolfgang von Trips in the season standings. Tragically, a crash during the Italian Grand Prix killed von Trips and fifteen spectators. Hill won the race and clinched the championship but the triumph was bittersweet. Ferrari's decision not to travel to America for the season's final round deprived Hill of the opportunity to participate in his home race at Watkins Glenmarker as the newly-crowned World Champion. When he returned for the following season, his last with Ferrari, Hill said, "I no longer have as much need to race, to win. I don't have as much hunger anymore. I am no longer willing to risk killing myself."

After leaving Ferrari at the end of 1962 in the great walkout of engineers, he and fellow driver Giancarlo Baghetti started for their new team ATS. Hill continued in Formula One for a few more years until he switched to sports car racing with Ford Motor Company and the Chaparral Cars of Jim Hall.

Phil Hill has the distinction of having won the first (a 3 lap event at Carrell Speedway in a MG TC on July 24 1949) and last races of his driving career, the final victory driving for Chaparral in the BOAC 500 at Brands Hatchmarker in Englandmarker in 1967.

Following his retirement, Hill built up an award winning classic car restoration business in the 1970s called Hill & Vaughn with business partner Ken Vaughn, until they sold the partnership to Jordanian Raja Gargour and Vaughn went on run a separate business on his own in 1984. Phil remained with Gargour at Hill & Vaughn until the sale of the business again in 1995. Hill also worked as a television commentator for ABC's Wide World of Sports

Hill had a long and distinguished association with Road & Track magazine. He wrote several articles for them, including road tests and retrospective articles on historic cars and races. He shared his "grand old man" status at R&T with '60s racing rival Paul Frère, who also died in 2008.

Hill, in his last years, devoted his time to his vintage car collection and judged at the Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance more often than any other individual; 2007 was the 40th time he had judged the event.

Hill was married to Alma, and had three children: Derek, Vanessa and Jennifer. Derek raced in International Formula 3000 in 2001, 2002 and 2003, but was forced to retire when Hill became ill with Parkinson's Disease.

After traveling to the Monterey Historic Automobile Races in August 2008, Hill was taken to a hospital, where he died after a short illness from complications of Parkinson's Disease in Salinas, Californiamarker on August 28.

Formula One World Championship results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)
Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 WDC Pts.
1958 Joakim Bonnier Racing Team Maseratimarker 250F Maseratimarker L6 ARG

MON

NED

500

BEL

FRA
7
GBR

10th 9
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari Dino 156 Ferrari V6 GER
9
POR

Ferrari Dino 246 Ferrari V6 ITA
3
MOR
3
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 256 Ferrari V6 MON
4
500

NED
6
FRA
2
GBR

GER
3
POR
Ret
ITA
2
USA
Ret
4th 20
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 256 Ferrari V6 ARG
8
MON
3
500

NED
Ret
BEL
4
FRA
12
GBR
7
POR
Ret
ITA
1
5th 16
Yeoman Credit Racing Team Cooper T51 Climax L4 USA
6
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 156 Ferrari V6 MON
3
NED
2
BEL
1
FRA
9
GBR
2
GER
3
ITA
1
USA

1st 34 (38)
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 156 Ferrari V6 NED
3
MON
2
BEL
3
FRA

GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
ITA
11
6th 14
Porsche System Engineering Porsche 804 Porsche F8 USA
DNS
RSA

Automobili Turismo e Sport ATS 100 ATS V8 MON

BEL
Ret
NED
Ret
ITA
11
USA
Ret
MEX
Ret
RSA

NC 0
Ecurie Filipinetti Lotus 24 BRM V8 MON

FRA
NC
GBR

GER

1964 Cooper Car Company Cooper T73 Climax V8 MON

9
NED

8
BEL
Ret
FRA

7
GBR

6
GER

Ret
USA

Ret
MEX

9
19th 1
Cooper T66 Climax V8 AUT

Ret
ITA

Anglo American Racers Eagle T1G Climax L4 MON

BEL

FRA

GBR

NED

GER

ITA

DNQ
USA

MEX

NC 0


Awards



Primary career victories :

Notes

  1. Daley, Robert (1963). The Cruel Sport.
  2. Jim Peltz, Phil Hill dies at 81; only American-born driver to win Formula One title, Los Angeles Times, August 29, 2008.
  3. Glenn Vaughn - Restoration Services, Inc
  4. 8W - Who? - Phil Hill
  5. Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance : People


References

  • Daley, Robert. The Cruel Sport. Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1963.


External links




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