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Philip of Spain, Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla (15 March 1720 – 18 July 1765) was duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. He founded the House of Bourbon-Parma (a.k.a the Bourbons of Parma).

Life

Born at the Royal Alcazar in Madridmarker, he was the fourth child and third son of Philip V of Spainmarker and his wife, Elisabeth of Parma.

He was raised in Madridmarker and as a child showed more interest in art than in politics. He was also the 12th Count of Chinchónmarker Grandee of Spain First Class with a Coat of Arms of de Bourbon after the alienation with Royal Authorization in 1738 of the 11th Conde Don Jose Sforza-Cesarini, Duke of Canzanomarker, title he later ceded to his brother Louis in 1754.

His mother came from the family of Farnese, which had ruled the Duchy of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla for many generations. The Duchy had been ruled between 1731 and 1736 by his elder brother Charles, but exchanged with Austriamarker for The Two Sicilies after the War of Polish Succession. Twelve years later, in the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle , Austria lost the Duchy, and Philip became the new Duke, founding the House of Bourbon-Parma.

As part of the Treaty of Versailles between Austria and France it was intended that Phillip would become King of the Southern Netherlands, in a deal that would see French troops occupy key positions in the country - however this arrangement was repudiated by the subsequent Third Treaty of Versailles and Phillip continued in Parma.

The Duchy of Parma was ruined by many years of warfare, and in 1759 Philip named the abled Frenchmen Guillaume du Tillot as his minister to restore the economy. Philip was an enlightened ruler. He expelled the Jesuits from Parma in 1768. He stimulated education and philosophy, attracting personalities like Étienne Bonnot de Condillac.

File:Felipe de Parma1.png|Philip in his later yearsFile:Philippbourbonparma.JPG|Philip in 1750File:Louise Elisabeth of France Family.jpg|The Parmese family c 1755. (L-R) Ferdinand; Maria Luisa; Wife; Isabella


Marriage

Philip married Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France in Alcala de Henaresmarker, Spainmarker on 25 October 1739. They had the following children:




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