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Philip Charles Hardwick (1822-1892) was a notable Englishmarker architect of the 19th century who was once described as "a careful and industrious student of mediaeval art". He was born in Westminstermarker and was the son of the architect Philip Hardwick (1792-1870), grandson of Thomas Hardwick (1752-1825) and great grandson of Thomas Hardwick Senior (1725-1825); the Hardwicks' architectural work spanned over 100 years, making them one of the most successful architectural families in British history.

Hardwick's mother was also from an eminent architectural family: the Shaws. His maternal grandfather was John Shaw Senior (1776-1832) and his uncle was John Shaw Jr (1803-1870) - both architects known for their work at Christ's Hospitalmarker and at Ramsgatemarker harbour. Philip Charles trained under his father and also in Edward Blore's office during which time he visited Belgiummarker and Germanymarker. Hardwick exhibited regularly at the Royal Academymarker between 1848 and 1854.

Like his father, Philip Charles was employed in the 'Square Mile' of the City of Londonmarker, where he became the leading architect of grandiose banking offices, mainly in an Italianate manner, setting the pattern for suburban and provincial designs for almost three decades. He designed five City banks, including Drummond's in Trafalgar Squaremarker (1879-81), and was architect to the Bank of Englandmarker from 1855 to 1883. However, he was more employed outside London, designing branch offices at Hull (1856) and Leeds (1862-65).

The former Great Hall of Euston Station.
best known work was the Great Hall of Londonmarker's Euston railway stationmarker (opened on 27 May 1849). The Great Hall was demolished in 1962 to make way for construction of the current Euston Station building.

Philip Charles was the last Hardwick Surveyor to St Bartholomew's Hospitalmarker in London and was a major benefactor of the hospital. The position of surveyor had been held since the late 18th century by his grandfather, Thomas Hardwick Junior. He was also an adviser in the new War Office and Admiralty competition of 1884.

Arthur William Blomfield was Hardwick's pupil in 1852-1855.

Philip Charles had been a favourite architect of Queen Victoria to design the Albert Memorialmarker in Kensington Gardensmarker but his design fell short with the advisory committee.

Family history

Hardwick retired to Wimbledonmarker and married in Bathmarker in the early 1870s. Two of his sons went into the military and served in South Africa during the Boer War; one of them, Lieutenant Stephen Thomas Hardwick, was killed in gunfire during the battle of Tweefontein in 1901. Hardwick's daughter, Helen, marriedSir Henry George Lyons (1864-1944), later a director of the Science Museummarker in London.

Philip Charles Hardwick is buried alongside his father, Philip, and the Shaw family in Kensal Green Cemeterymarker, London.

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