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Philip Montagu D’Arcy Hart, CBE, (25 June 1900 - 30 July 2006) was a British medical researcher and pioneer in tuberculosis treatment. Grandson of Samuel Montagu, 1st Baron Swaythling, he became a consultant physician at University College Hospitalmarker at the age of 34.

Dr Philip Montagu D'Arcy Hart, who died on 30 July 2006 at the age of 106, played a critical role in the decline of tuberculosis in England and Wales in the 20th century, and his research into the fundamental nature of the tubercle bacillus continued until well after his 100th birthday. As one of the most important figures in the fight against TB, he was made an Honorary Member of The Union in 1995. Dr Hart read medicine at Cambridge Universitymarker and completed his clinical training at University College Hospitalmarker (UCH) medical school, London, obtaining an MD in 1930. He became a consultant at UCH and spent a year working with René Dubos at the Rockefeller Institute in New York, before joining the Medical Research Council (MRC) in 1937. Although his main interest was in tuberculosis, Dr Hart’s first assignment for the MRC was in south Wales, wherehe studied pneumoconiosis. His research group was able to show for the first time that coal dust could cause the disease, and therefore the affected miners were entitled to industrial injury benefits from the state. After the pneumoconiosis unit closed during World War II, Dr Hart was transferred to the tuberculosis research unit in London. He served as head of this unit from 1948 until he retired in 1965. The unit had many achievements, relating not only to TB control in the UK, but also globally. They conducted one of the first controlled clinical trials of the efficacy of streptomycin in treating TB – the first effective chemotherapy for the disease. His unit also conducted a massive trial of BCG vaccine in UK school children, which became the basis of public health policy there. Dr Hart established the MRC’s state-of-the-art TB research facilities at Mill Hillmarker, and, after his retirement as unit head in 1965, he devoted himself to laboratory work. He continued his research for nearly 40 years, conducting experiments fundamental to understanding how the tubercle bacillus survives in its host to cause tuberculosis. In 2002, he retired a second time due to the decline of his physical health. Dr D'Arcy Hart is survived by his wife, Ruth, and their son, Oliver.

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